(Non-)canonical passives and reflexives

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This paper highlights similarities between two classes of arguably non-canonical passives, namely &#8216;deponent&#8217; verbs familiar from Latin, and &#8216;inherent reflexive&#8217; verbs in Germanic and Romance, arguing that the latter are the counterparts of the former &#8211; notably, both classes of verbs are denominal/deadjectival. Building on the idea that overt morphological voice markings reflect feature distinctions associated with <i>v</i>0 in the syntax, I argue that the special &#8216;unaccusative&#8217; morphology (i.e. reflexive or non-active) doesn&#8217;t just bear on the absence of an external argument in the syntax, but on the presence of an <i>actor-initiation</i> feature of <i>v</i>0 in syntactic configurations lacking an external argument, which accounts for facts such as the ubiquity of reflexive marking across inherent and non-inherent reflexive predicates, and others.


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