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Non-finite adjuncts in French

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Abstract

In this paper, I discuss the morphological build-up of the French <i>g&#233;rondif en + V-ant</i> and compare it to the present participle <i>V-ant</i>. On the basis of this discussion, <i>en</i> is to be treated as a prepositional complementizer just as <i>de</i> and <i>&#224;</i> with infinitives. Arguments are given for a recategorization process of <i>en</i> from preposition to complementizer. The analysis is supported by facts from binding, agreement and cliticization. This means that the French <i>g&#233;rondif</i>, besides being verbal in nature, enters into clausal constructions just like the present participles. This conclusion enables us to revise some of the arguments in the literature for the <i>g&#233;rondif</i> as a mono-morphemic structure.

References

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