Relative clauses in Gavião of Rondônia

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The language of the Gavi&#227;o of Rond&#244;nia, a Tupian language spoken in western Brazil, constructs relative clauses by syntactic nominalization, using either of two particles, <i>m&#225;t</i> &#8216;concrete nominalization&#8217; or <i>m&#233;ne</i> &#8216;abstract nominalization&#8217;, which are derived diachronically from discourse pronouns. The resulting nominalized clause may or may not have an internal head, which, if it occurs, is not marked, leading to a certain degree of ambiguity. The nominalized clause can modify a following noun stem, which serves as an external head. Relative clauses and complement clauses are not distinct constructions in this language. The typological significance of these constructions is discussed. Keywords:&#65279;&#65279; relative clauses; Gavi&#227;o of Rond&#244;nia; nominalization; complement clauses


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