Chapter 17. Ironic palimpsests in the Romanian poetry of the nineties

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No single theory of irony could be called universally relevant, as there are various ways of encoding ironic intent in a message. An unpredictable literary dynamics requires flexible concepts and sometimes eclectic approaches. Irony is primarily a communicative strategy. The challenge is to determine the specificity of ironic dialogism in a literary context. The corpus comprises a series of poems which display stylization and hybridization of sociolects and idiostyles, as well as explicit parodies of recognizable texts. I will analyse in detail a long, Menippean-like poem: <i>Dear Comrades. A Speech by Nicolae Ceausescu, Allen Ginsberg and Janis Jopplin or a Requiem for the Sixties</i> (1994), by Caius Dobrescu. In the context of a newly gained freedom of speech, Romanian poetry in the 1990s redefines the rhetoric of irony by foregrounding the controversy of <i>ethos</i> and the trope&#8217;s overlapping with parody and also with satire.


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