Cross Germanic variation in the realm of support verbs
This paper investigates the cross Germanic variation found in the use of support verbs in connection with VP Topicalization, VP Ellipsis and VP Pronominalization. The differences between Swedish and English are highlighted, but Danish, Norwegian, Icelandic and German are also considered. In this analysis, the support verb is a spelled-out little v, and the topicalized, elided and pronominalized parts are √(root)Ps. The variation between English and Swedish is an effect of where the support verb is first merged: English <i>do</i> in little v, Swedish <i>göra</i> in the head of the complement of little v. The other investigated languages have support verbs of the Swedish type, but Danish and Norwegian have developed a support verb of the English type as well.