On two types of adverbial clauses allowing root-phenomena

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Peripheral adverbial clauses show many differences from central adverbial clauses, one being that they allow certain root-phenomena, whereas central adverbial clauses do not allow any. A third class of adverbial clauses has to be distinguished, which in German contains continuative <i>w</i>-relatives and free <i>dass</i>-clauses. These allow more root-phenomena than the peripherals and show other signs of greater independence. The paper argues that central and peripheral adverbial clauses are differently licensed syntactically, the former by the host&#8217;s verbal projection, the latter by Force in the host&#8217;s periphery. Moreover, adverbials of the third class are not syntactically licensed at all; they are orphans, being only semantically linked to their associated clause by a specific discourse relation.


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