Consciousness and imagination in the anthropological view of G. Vico

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This study is intended to follow up and illustrate the theoretical steps through which G.B. Vico defined the concept of &#8220;Consciousness&#8221; (coscienza) in the works that preceded his masterpiece, the <i>Scienza Nuova</i>. The theme of consciousness is elaborated by the Neapolitan philosopher in a very different way from Descartes&#8217;s proposals, since it comes out by approaching <i>verum</i> to <i>facere</i> and, later, <i>verum</i> to <i>conformari</i>. This displacement occurs by means of a theoretical passage through the level of <i>conscire</i>, outlining a deep gap between <i>feeling</i> (<i>sentire</i>) and <i>imagining</i> (<i>immaginare</i>). Vico works on a possible definition of the concept of &#8220;consciousness&#8221; and moves a tight critique to skeptic and neostoic currents posing the question about how to became able to <i>feel</i> something while striving to <i>imagine</i> in a conscious way. The whole anthropological framework which allows the definition of the human is built on this theoretical passage and on the etymologic reconstruction of <i>conscire</i> as <i>cum-scire</i> and of <i>conscientia</i> as a part of <i>scientia</i>. Keywords: consciousness; imagination; G. Vico; science


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