Consciousness and faculties in <i>De antiquissima Italorum sapientia</i> by Vico

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Face to Descartes&#8217; rationalism, in the book entitled <i>De antiquissima Italorum sapientia</i> Vico tries to examine non reflexive aspects of thought. According to Vico, the clear and distinct idea cannot originate the <i>cogito</i> as a criterion of truth; moreover, the clear and distinct idea exchanges the <i>intelligere</i> of God with the human <i>cogitare</i>; third, the method of doubt doesn&#8217;t consider the link, in men, of <i>res cogitans</i> and <i>res extensa</i> and the correlation between mind and body. Fourth, this theory arises from a wrong notion of substance. Following these four points, the article will stress the rejection by Vico of the Cartesian idea of consciousness and will try to determine a possible theory of consciousness as it is implied by Vichian reflections. Keywords: Vico; Descartes; consciousness


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