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Transitives, causatives and passives in Korean and Japanese

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Abstract

Transitives, causatives, and passives, all of which take the form &#8220;<sc>np</sc>1-<sc>nom</sc> &#43; <sc>np</sc>2-<sc>acc/dat/by</sc> &#43; <sc>v</sc> &#8230;&#8221;, are major construction types, but their identities or differences have been unclear. Thus, in this paper, I pursue a unified account for those structure patterns, in terms of &#8216;event-control&#8217; (EC) over the root event (RE) and the argument-status of <sc>np</sc>2 in the RE. I argue that: (i) a transitive is a subject (<sc>np</sc>1) EC construction, and <sc>np</sc>2 is the internal argument of the RE; (ii) a causative is a construction of shared EC, and <sc>np</sc>2 is the external argument of the RE; (iii) a passive is a non-subject (<sc>np</sc>2) EC construction, and <sc>np</sc>2 is the external argument of the RE. Keywords: transitive; causative; passive; event-control; root event

References

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