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From Latin <i>super-</i> to Spanish <i>sobre-</i>

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Abstract

This chapter deals with verb formation concerning both <i>sobre-</i> and <i>super-</i> in Spanish and Latin, respectively. It is proposed a cognitive link between the different meanings shown by the prefix <i>sobre-</i> in verb formation processes. The difference between Spanish and Latin as regards the distribution of meaning is evident: while local meanings are the most frequent in Latin, non-local meanings are the most abundant in Spanish; in fact, the following senses have been detected: fictive movement, temporal location, excess, repetition, sudden action, incomplete action, wider action, surpassing and non-physical location. Nevertheless, it seems obvious that the local meaning constitutes the experiential base of the rest; moreover, it is argued that all notional meanings are accessible via local ones. Keywords: prefixes; semantic change; radial category

References

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