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Preliminary research on Turkish basic colour terms with an emphasis on blue

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Abstract

This paper describes and discusses list and naming experiments designed to ascertain whether Turkish <i>lacivert</i> &#8220;dark blue&#8221; is a Basic Colour Term (BCT). In addition to the standard sixty-five Color-aid tiles selected by Davies and Corbett (1995), seventeen additional tiles from the purple-blue region of colour space were used for these tasks. Measured against Urmas Sutrop&#8217;s cognitive salience index (Sutrop 2001), <i>lacivert</i> attained high salience in the list task. However, the combined results suggest eleven Turkish BCTs (excluding <i>lacivert</i>): <i>ye&#351;il</i> &#8220;green&#8221;, <i>sar&#305;</i> &#8220;yellow&#8221;, <i>siyah</i> &#8220;black&#8221;, <i>k&#305;rm&#305;z&#305;</i> &#8220;red&#8221;, <i>mavi</i> &#8220;blue&#8221;, <i>beyaz</i> &#8220;white&#8221;, <i>mor</i> &#8220;purple&#8221;, <i>kahverengi</i> &#8220;brown&#8221;, <i>pembe</i> &#8220;pink&#8221;, <i>turuncu</i> &#8220;orange&#8221; and <i>gri</i> &#8220;grey&#8221;. <i>Lacivert</i> remains a BCT candidate due to the additional tile used in the naming task, which emerged as dominant.

References

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