Preliminary research on Turkish basic colour terms with an emphasis on blue
This paper describes and discusses list and naming experiments designed to ascertain whether Turkish <i>lacivert</i> “dark blue” is a Basic Colour Term (BCT). In addition to the standard sixty-five Color-aid tiles selected by Davies and Corbett (1995), seventeen additional tiles from the purple-blue region of colour space were used for these tasks. Measured against Urmas Sutrop’s cognitive salience index (Sutrop 2001), <i>lacivert</i> attained high salience in the list task. However, the combined results suggest eleven Turkish BCTs (excluding <i>lacivert</i>): <i>yeşil</i> “green”, <i>sarı</i> “yellow”, <i>siyah</i> “black”, <i>kırmızı</i> “red”, <i>mavi</i> “blue”, <i>beyaz</i> “white”, <i>mor</i> “purple”, <i>kahverengi</i> “brown”, <i>pembe</i> “pink”, <i>turuncu</i> “orange” and <i>gri</i> “grey”. <i>Lacivert</i> remains a BCT candidate due to the additional tile used in the naming task, which emerged as dominant.