Instrument Nouns and Fusion
Many predicative nouns selecting the support verb <i>dar</i> (to give) in Portuguese allow Conversion, a passive-like transformation, with the support verb <i>levar</i> (to take, to get). Among these, a significant number are related with concrete instrument nouns and expresses violent action predicates. These sentences present a paraphrase with the verbs <i>bater</i> (to hit) or <i>ferir</i> (to hurt) with an instrument complement. Most of these predicative nouns are formed with a common suffix (<i>-ada</i>). Several restrictions can be observed in the choice of the instrument complements that can be inserted in the nominal sentences. High redundancy blocks the insertion of an instrumental complement if the instrument is the same noun as the one to which the predicative nouns is morphologically related. We analyse these nominal sentences by <i>Fusion</i>, a transformational relation proposed by M. Gross (1981), which merges the verbs <i>bater</i> or <i>ferir</i> with the instrument noun to form both the predicative noun and (more rarely) its associated verb.