Syntactic and actional characteristics of Finnish <i>että</i>-clauses
This article examines the Finnish <i>että</i> as a complementizer and as an initial and final particle in conversation. The article shows that <i>että</i> is not a subordinator either syntactically or actionally. Instead, the particle <i>että</i>, as well as the formulaic phrases (complement-taking constructions) it is a part of, implement actions in service of the main action underway. They manage the ongoing talk strategically by regulating the participant framework, and are oriented to by the participants. Therefore, neither the CTP <i>että</i> is a part of, nor the particle <i>että</i>, are actionally subordinate to the talk following <i>että</i>. However, when <i>että</i> functions as a turn-final particle, the turn in which it appears can be seen as a dependent action from the perspective of some previous activity.