Building and interpreting nonthematic A-positions

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Movement and resumption both Merge a DP in a nonthematic position and interpret it through a free variable. This predicts their symmetric distribution and the existence of resumption on the &#8216;core&#8217; A-position of [Spec, TP], or <i>A-resumption</i>. It is argued that the prediction is correct, and mechanics are developed to build both movement and resumption by Merge, Agree, and the interpretation of nonthematic positions. A-resumption on [Spec, TP] falls into two types. When T participates in &#966;-Agree, the DP Merged in [Spec, TP] must be interpretively linked to the variable identified by &#966;-Agree. Locality tends to limit the goal to a domain where it must be a copy/gap for Case reasons, so the composition of Agree and Merge results in movement. However, when a finite TP boundary is penetrable to &#966;-Agree, there surfaces an A-resumption pattern constrained by the locality of &#966;-Agree, including the copy-raising of English <i>The cat</i><sub>i</sub> <i>seems like it</i><sub>i</sub><i>&#8217;s got Spiro&#8217;s tongue</i>. When T does not &#966;-Agree with a DP goal, the location of the variable interpreting [Spec, TP] is unconstrained. This is the situation in Breton, which allows A- resumption structures of the type <i>The boati was shot at it</i><sub>i</sub>. The patterns of A- resumption restricted and unrestricted by &#966;-Agree match parallel patterns found in A&#8242;-resumption in recent work.


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