Learner corpora and contrastive interlanguage analysis
This paper gives a glimpse of pre-corpus interlanguage studies, focusing on some Scandinavian research projects, before moving on to the development of computerized learner corpora and computer-aided interlanguage analysis with special reference to the International Corpus of Learner English (ICLE) project. Contrastive interlanguage analysis (CIA) is defined and discussed, followed by a presentation of the so-called Integrated Contrastive Model (ICM). The two models of analysis are illustrated by means of three case studies; two using CIA to study the use of <i>quite</i> and <i>I would say</i> across four learner groups in ICLE aznd one using the ICM to analyse <i>seem</i> in the interlanguage of Norwegian learners. Towards the end, some challenges for interlanguage research are discussed.