Les Méthodes au XVIIe siècle
Seventeenth-century “Méthodes”, which aimed to present the French lan­guage, are more than simply grammars; they contain treatises on poetry, etymology, and rhetoric, and they even offer advice about social behavior. In the period 1656–1662, the Cartesian-Gallicanism of Port-Royal faced serious conflicts. “Les mé­thodes”, besides instructing students, were able to transform their pedagogical program into an ideological weapon. Such was the case for Irson﻿’s “Méthode”, which aimed to offer the public both “les principes” and “la pureté” of the French language.