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Relecture jakobsonienne de la distinction saussurienne langue/parole

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Abstract

The Roman Jakobson’s criticism of the Saussurean <i>langue</i>/<i>parole </i>distinction, in his <i>La théorie saussurienne en retrospection</i>, is based on the acceptance of a given object in Bachelard’s sense: the language (<i>langage</i>) as a complex unity which we only have to analyze. It contains no theorization of <i>langue </i>as a norm. On the contrary, the Saussurean <i>langue</i>/<i>parole </i>distinction is at the same time epistemological and theoretical: It amounts to delimiting an object in the whole language (<i>langage</i>) and to theorizing the dimension of communication which is inherent to human language. Thus, the Saussurean distinction appears to be at the foundation of the theorization of <i>langue</i>, which founds linguistics, but whose necessity is dissimulated, in a linguistic theory like Jakobson’s, by the language(<i>langage</i>) as a given object and the <i>langue</i>/<i>parole </i>problematics following from it.

References

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