Noun phrase structure and movement

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We investigate the etymologically related words <i>so</i> and <i>such</i> (English); <i>s&#229;</i> and <i>s&#229;dan</i> (Danish); and <i>so</i> and <i>solch</i> (German). Similarities and differences that have to be accounted for cross-linguistically are i. position (pre- or post- indefinite article), ii. agreement morphology (in Danish and German), and iii. semantics (whether an AdjP or a DP/NP is modified). English and Danish <i>so/s&#229;</i> may only modify an AdjP, while German <i>so</i> may also modify the DP/NP. English <i>such</i> may only modify the DP/NP (Bolinger 1972, Wood 2002) and may only precede the indefinite article. Danish and German allow inflected <i>s&#229;dan/solch</i> to follow the article. We discuss two possible syntactic derivations, predicate raising (e.g. Corver 1998, Bennis, Corver &#38; den Dikken 1998) and XP movement from an attributive adjective position within the nominal (e.g. Matushansky 2002). The analysis links up with the morphological agreement facts of predicate and of attributive adjectives in Danish and German (Vikner 2001).


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