Chapter 14. Re-thinking the bilingual interactive-activation model from a developmental perspective (BIA-d)
A large body of empirical research, accumulated over the last twenty years, has set the foundations for a generic model of word comprehension in relatively fluent bilinguals (the bilingual interactive-activation (BIA) model). This approach combines an initial language non-selective access process with inhibitory control mechanisms in order to limit cross-language interference. However, it is still not clear how such an architecture could emerge during the learning of a second language. The present chapter briefly summarizes the key results in favor of the original BIA-model and describes the research agenda that hopefully will help fill in the “missing link” – that is, a developmental investigation of second language vocabulary acquisition. We present a theoretical framework (the developmental BIA-model, BIA-d) designed to guide future research in this area.