From manner expression to attitudinal discourse marker
In this study, we distinguish between three major subtypes of the Dutch adverb <i>anders</i> in terms of the concepts of comparison and phoricity. The criteria of proportionality, clefting and the interaction with negation are applicable to [+comparative/+phoric] Type I <i>anders</i> but not to [-comparative/+phoric] Type II <i>anders</i> nor to [-comparative/-phoric] Type III <i>anders</i>. The criteria of accommodation and the interaction with conjunctions apply to type II but not to type III, which is characterized positively as an attitudinal discourse marker. Word-order differences further underpin the proposed tripartition. Finally, our synchronic analysis of Dutch <i>anders</i> is put in the broader perspective of grammaticalization theory and its underlying formal criteria are related to the standard (diachronic) parameters and principles of grammaticalization.