chapter 6 Storytelling in a Japanese television talk show

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The present study investigates the host&#8217;s responsive behavior (continuers, repetition, and stance displays) in a Japanese talk show segment and demonstrates how the host contributes to the construction of the guest&#8217;s story. The analysis shows that the host uses continuers to keep the guest talking, and repetition in clarification requests to help make the guest&#8217;s talk more comprehensible to the audience. While the host does the above to maintain an objective stance as facilitator of the show, other devices/body behavior allow her to go beyond this stance. By using the disalignment markers E- &#8216;What?&#8217; and A &#8216;Oh&#8217; before repeating a part or all of the guest&#8217;s preceding utterance, and accompanying her repetition with laughter and posture changes, the host indicates that a positive image of the guest should be promoted. In addition, the host uses lengthened vocalizations (e.g., <i>Ha</i>:::::::: &#8216;O::::::::h&#8217;) to express a stance of strong appreciation and agreement at the end of the guest&#8217;s story, which also supports the guest in a positive way. In sum, by using various strategies, the host in the talk show does much more than just remain a passive listener, and indeed plays an active role in helping to shape the guest&#8217;s story.


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