10. A discourse analysis of Alzheimer-type dementia in personal conversations
This chapter shows the results of a study aimed at increasing our knowledge of the use of conversational repairs by dementia patients and their healthy interlocutors in order to build discourse coherence and cohesion. A qualitative study of the conversation and the use of repairs by both speakers was performed. Results show that the healthy interlocutor used indirect repairs in order to maintain the coherence of the speech. Both speakers used self-repairs and other-repairs to overcome the difficulties regarding cohesion. These findings are important for analyzing the dementia patients’ language from a discursive perspective and suggest the need to review the linguistic assessment models that are currently used.