Phases and islands
This chapter discusses and reviews the notion of <i>island</i> in the context of the framework of phases, delving into Chomsky’s (2008) claim that the specifiers of phase heads v* and C (the so-called edges) impose locality restrictions that give rise to island effects –by and large, of the type Huang (1982) explored. After reviewing different cross linguistic evidence, I conclude, following Boeckx (2003a), that the <i>Subject Condition</i> obtains from the interaction between the Case/agreement systems (Chomsky’s 2000; 2001 <i>Activity Condition</i>) and the mechanics of subextraction processes, a conclusion I extend to both objects and adjuncts. The final part of the chapter is dedicated to the second scenario of what could be called edge-induced islands, which is referred to as <i>Criterial Freezing</i> by Rizzi (2006). I review the data related to this extraction instance, originally reported by Torrego (1985), providing an analysis that denies the role played by both edges and Rizzi’s (2006) interpretation of freezing.