Negation patterns in Kanuri
In Kanuri the marking of negation is defined by genetic, however only playing a marginal role, as well as areal factors. Processes of grammaticalization play another significant role. In order to conceive the whole complex of negation, aspects of language change must also be accounted for. For example, the locative concept of the Imperfective explains that this TAM applies a different negation strategy. On the other hand negation neutralizes the different moods of the Perfective, i.e. only allowing one negative TAM. Kanuri also rejects the clash of negation and focus. In order to bring together the two more complex constructions, e.g. by embedding a focus construction in a negative clause. Indefinite pronouns are inherently affirmative. Here, negation is only possible by application of a verb or predicator in a negative mood. However, this negation process is additionally marked by a specific marker a the indefinite pronoun.