<i>No</i> in the lexicogrammar of English

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This paper analyzes the continuing uses of <i>no</i> in negative collocations in three varieties of English: Australian, New Zealand and British, using their respective ICE corpora. In all three varieties of English, the use of <i>no</i> as determiner in nominal phrase collocations far outnumbers its use in adverbial collocations, though the latter cluster high in the frequency rankings for both speech and writing. Comparative analysis finds that while Australian English makes more use of <i>no</i> as a reaction signal (<i>No!</i>) and its emphatic counterparts (e.g., <i>No way!</i>), the New Zealand English data present a wider range of freely formed <i>no</i> collocations, especially in writing. Thus the two southern hemisphere varieties diverge, with <i>no</i> increasingly fixed into Australian lexical idiom, while it remains a well-utilized syntactic resource in New Zealand English.


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