Final <i>but</i> in Australian English conversation

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In contemporary Australian English <i>but</i> has progressed through a grammaticization continuum to become a &#8220;fully developed&#8221; final discourse particle. Here we document the place of Final Particle <i>but</i> in Australian English. Firstly, we make a case that it provides further evidence of the mixed origins of Australian English. Secondly, we show how prosody, turn organization, and speaker interaction indicate that Final Particle <i>but</i> marks contrastive content and is a turn-yielding discourse particle. Thirdly, we establish through survey data that its usage in Australian English differs from that in American English and that <i>but</i> as a Final Particle can be seen as a distinctive feature of Australian English. Lastly, we argue that Final Particle <i>but</i> has social meaning and can index &#8220;Australianness&#8221;.


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