Clause combining, interaction, evidentiality, participation structure, and the conjunction-particle continuum: The Finnish <i>ett&#228;</i>

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This paper concerns the use of the Finnish particle/conjunction <i>et(tä) </i>in ordinary conversation. Traditionally, <i>että </i>has been considered a complementizer, but we question the description of <i>että</i>-clauses as complements. We show that uses of <i>että </i>range from ones where it serves as a clause linker to clear particle uses, with no clear dividing line. In terms of their pragmatic function, though, the different uses of <i>että </i>are closer to each other: they all serve to create dialogicality in one way or another. <i>Että </i>is used by speakers to regulate participation in conversation and to index shifts in footing. We also consider the historical origin of <i>että </i>and suggest an alternative to the scenario where particle uses are seen as having developed from conjunction uses.


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