11. Balanta, Guiné-Bissau Creole Portuguese and Portuguese: A comparison of the noun phrase
This paper describes aspects of noun phrase structure in Portuguese, Guiné-Bissau Creole Portuguese and Balanta, an Atlantic language of Guiné-Bissau that is an important substrate and current adstrate for the Creole. I examine definite and indefinite determiners, gender and number in nouns and adjectives, and the forms and syntactic properties of personal pronouns. I identify seven different ways in which Guiné-Bissau Creole Portuguese patterns like Balanta, and thus appears to show influence from this substrate (or adstrate) language.