Actionality and aspect in Hittite
The Hittite reflexive construction has perfective-like functions like Spanish and Italian reflexives. We will consider if they express ‘inner’ aspect. Most present tense forms in narrative tense-switching belong to verbs with a -<i>ske/a</i>-suffix. These verbs can be seen as +INTRA items with actional and aspectual features. -<i>kan </i>and -<i>san </i>are frequently found in the last slot of Wackernagel clitics. -<i>san </i>is allative-directional, -<i>kan </i>locational. -<i>kan </i>indicates initial and final limitation and is similar to Latin <i>con- </i>and Gothic <i>ga-</i>. Lexical (inner) aspect is an important element in modern analysis of Russian perfectivity. An aspectual ‘pair’ system of the Russian kind with an interplay between telicity and quantification as expressed by preverbs and imperfectivity expressed by suffixation did not arise in Hittite though -<i>kan </i>and -<i>ske/a- </i>which could have allowed a similar development were present as were <i>con- </i>and <i>-sco </i>in Latin. Hittite preverbs did not play the same role for aspectuality as preverbs did in many other IE languages but -<i>kan </i>and -<i>san </i>were involved in the VP and affected verb semantics and aspectuality. The discussion will be focused on the function of clitics and verbal suffixation.