<i>Chiac</i> in context: Overview and evaluation of Acadie's <i>Joual</i>
I argue that there is little evidence that <i>chiac</i>, an often stigmatized variety of Acadian French spoken in the urban area of Moncton, New Brunswick, differs dramatically from a number of lesser known Acadian varieties in terms of the effects of language contact; and that the degree of English influence claimed is sometimes not supported by the data provided. I begin with a sociohistorical overview of Acadian French. I then evaluate the literature on <i>chiac </i>and compare it with my own and others’ findings for Acadian varieties spoken in Atlantic Canada. The relationship between the social context within which <i>chiac </i>is spoken and its lexicon and grammar adds to our knowledge of the linguistic outcomes of language contact, in addition to providing more detail on variation in North American French.