Subordinate clause marking in Montreal Anglophone French and English
We investigate the variable presence of overt complementizers in the bilingual repertoire of young Anglophone Montrealers, examining approximately 1,600 sentences in spoken French and English. The effects of linguistic constraints are compared between their two languages, and also to recent research on Quebec City Anglophones’ and to L1 Quebec Francophones’ speech. We also examine instances of usage of the verbs of quotation <i>be like </i>and <i>être comme</i>. Patterns of several linguistic constraints affecting the variation help us understand the intersection of subordinate clause marking and the grammaticization of <i>be like/être comme </i>as verbs of quotation as well as better understand advanced stages of second language acquisition.