Color terms in Colonia Tovar, an Alemannisch Enclave in Venezuela
The Tovarese are located in a mountain valley some 40 kilometers west of Caracas. They are an ethnically distinct, endogamous group numbering some 3,000, mostly engaged in small-scale farming. Until about 1964 they were fairly well isolated from the rest of Venezuela, but since then – with the advent of a hard surfaced road – they are rapidly becoming integrated. Most speak Spanish; some older adults speak Modern Standard German (<i>Schriftsdeutsch</i>), and some of the middle-aged read it; and almost all speak the local form of <i>Alemannisch</i>. This is known both as <i>dialekt </i>and as <i>baadiš</i>, and, though many consider it as somehow inferior, they nonetheless regard it to be their own, proper ethnic-group-identifying language. It is the color terminology of this language that is under consideration.