Quels facteurs (linguistiques ou historiques) considérer dans l'accord en français? Étude de certains cas dans le<i> Journal de la langue française</i> (1784) d'Urbain Domergue
In this article, we show how the arguments for French agreement rules change in the history of French grammatical thought. We examine three syntactic structures chosen from the <i>Journal de la langue française </i>(1784-1792) and the factors - “historical” or “linguistic” - that grammarians invoke for recommending agreement, or no agreement. In one structure, the agreement is between a participle and a preceding noun, in another between an adjective and a noun, and in the third between a collective noun subject and the following verb. Starting from the analysis of the arguments of Urbain Domergue, expressed in his <i>Journal de la langue française</i>, and continuing through those of today’s linguists, we see both “historical” and “linguistic” factors evoked to explain agreement rules. In the eighteenth century, we find that a formal (mathematical) analysis true to the ideals of Enlightenment was favored. Current linguists take a more lenient attitude toward variation than did Domergue.