12. Understanding synesthetic expressions

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In this article, we introduce a cognitive model called the <i>physiological = psychological model </i>and discuss how one understands synesthetic expressions of language, e.g., <i>warm color</i>. We argue that there are two major types in synesthesia: one is the type whose synesthetic mapping is based on the co-occurrence of the senses, and the other on the emotional similarity of the senses. As for the former, we claim that the strength of sensory relations in daily experiences determines what type of synesthetic combination is possible (interpretable), e.g., <i>warm color </i>vs. ??<i>red temperature</i>. As for the latter, we argue that the interpretation of synesthetic expressions, such as <i>fragrant music</i>, is enabled by the synthesis of different emotional experiences.


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