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Dutch 's-prolepsis as a copying phenomenon

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Abstract

This chapter investigates Dutch expressions involving two instances of the bound morpheme &#8211;<i>s</i>, which is traditionally analyzed as a genitival case suffix, as in <i>bloot-shoofds</i> (lit.: bare-s-head-s; &#8216;bare headed; with the head bare&#8217;) or &#39;<i>s Zondags</i> (lit.: -s Sunday-s; &#8216;on Sundays&#8217;). The fi rst instance of &#8211;<i>s</i> in these expressions is traditionally qualified as being proleptic in that it anticipates the occurrence of the final &#8211;<i>s</i> that is right-attached to the noun. An analysis of &#8211;<i>s</i>-prolepsis is proposed in terms of the operations movement/copying. More specifically, it is argued that in expressions like <i>blootshoofds</i>, for instance, &#8211;<i>s</i> is not a genitival case suffix but rather a small clause head that establishes a predication relationship between a predicate and a subject (schematically: [<sub>XP</sub> hoofd [<sub>X&#39;</sub> &#8211;<i>s</i> [<sub>AP</sub> bloot]]]. The surface order is derived by movement of the predicate to a position preceding the subject and concomitant head movement of the small clause head &#8211;<i>s</i> to the functional head into whose specifier position the displaced predicate has moved (schematically: [<sub>FP</sub> bloot<sub>j</sub> [<sub>F&#39;</sub> &#8211;s<sub>i</sub> &#43;F [<sub>XP</sub> hoofd [<sub>X&#39;</sub> &#8211;s<sub>i</sub> <strikeout>bloot</strikeout><sub>j</sub>]]]]). The multiple realization of the two &#8211;<i>s</i> copies is accounted for in terms of Nunes&#39;s (1995, 2004) theory about the linearization of movement chains. Cases likes &#39;s <i>Zondags</i> receive the same basic account, with the difference that &#8211;<i>s</i> is analyzed as a (weak) demonstrative pronoun (i.e. a reduced variant of the word <i>des</i>) rather than a small clause head. A parallel is then drawn with phenomena of demonstrative-doubling in prepositional structures in German dialects.

References

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