Metaphorical anaphors are a special case of textual anaphors which occur in stylistic expressive texts. They have not yet been sufficiently investigated either by theories of metaphor or by theories of anaphors. In my paper I show that the identification and comprehension of metaphorical anaphors has to be characterized as a phenomenon of the semantics-pragmatics interface. They can best be described within the cognitive theory of text-world models. I also show different types of metaphorical anaphors and what authors do to facilitate their comprehension. The procedural costs of metaphorical anaphors, which has been shown by psycholinguistic research, are generally counterbalanced by the rich content they convey, but the specific features of that content have to be studied in more detail.