Syntactic properties of negation in Chinook Jargon, with a comparison of two source languages
This paper analyzes the syntactic features of sentential negation in Chinook Jargon (CJ) and compares them with the features of Lower Chinook and Upper Chehalis. The analyses is carried out within the framework of Principles and Parameters syntax and looks at the positioning and the categorical status of the CJ negative marker, followed by the analysis of the relationship of the negative marker with negative NPs within the clause. The comparison of sentential negation in CJ and its source languages establishes that important similarities exist between CJ and its source languages, suggesting that these properties in CJ are due to contact influence. The paper ends with a brief discussion of how these findings reflect on the issue of linguistic constraints on contact influence.