The production of SE and SELF anaphors in Spanish and Dutch children

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Both Dutch <i>zich </i>and Spanish <i>se </i>are considered Simple Expression or SE anaphors. The present study shows that, in spite of this classification, Spanish children perform much more adultlike on <i>se </i>than Dutch children do on <i>zich</i>. We argue that this developmental difference supports a different analysis of <i>zich </i>as a pronominal element, as opposed to <i>se</i>, which is best analyzed as a reflexive-marker.We also found that Spanish children perform highly non-adultlike on the complex anaphor <i>sí mismo </i>and other strong reflexives, unlike Dutch children who performed highly adultlike on <i>zichzelf</i>. We claimthat Spanish children’s difficulties with strong reflexives are for the most part the result of their limited ability to construct integrated discourses.


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