Focusing strategies in Old French and Old Irish

MyBook is a cheap paperback edition of the original book and will be sold at uniform, low price.
This Chapter is currently unavailable for purchase.

A central pragmatic function is &#8220;Focus&#8221; (the concept which the speaker thinks is of special importance), with the subfunctions &#8220;Contrast&#8221; (&#8220;X and not Y&#8221;), &#8220;Exhaustive listing&#8221; (&#8220;X and nothing/nobody else&#8221;) and Emphatic focus, which correspond to different pragmatic intentions of the speaker. In Old Irish, &#8220;Contrast&#8221; and &#8220;Exhaustive listing&#8221; are obligatorily marked, as it seems, by the cleft construction. In contrast the cleft construction is rarely attested in Old French, as there existed a free word accent, so focused elements could be highlighted either by prosodic means only or by word-order (sentence-initial position) + prosodic means. The growing frequency of the cleft construction in Middle French can be related to the coming into existence of the<i>mot phon&#233;tique</i>.<br />This contribution continues the approach of Wehr (1998) and (2001) in a historical perspective. The fact that the single word has no autonomy within the<i>cha&#238;ne parl&#233;e</i>is there made the basis for a Western-Atlantic<i>Sprachbund</i>comprising the Celtic languages, French and Portuguese.


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address