The debate on form-focused instruction

MyBook is a cheap paperback edition of the original book and will be sold at uniform, low price.

Buy this article

Price: £15.00+Taxes
Add to favourites

A teacher’s perspective

The full text of this article is not currently available.

Data & Media loading...


Full text loading...


Clahsen, H. , J. Meisel and M. Pienemann
(1983) Deutsch als zweitsprache: der Spracherwerb auslandischer Arbeiter. Gunter Narr, Tubingen.
Brown, R.
(1973) A first language. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass. doi: 10.4159/harvard.9780674732469
Dulay, H. and M. Burt
(1973) Should we teach children syntax?Language Learning23: 245–258. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑1770.1973.tb00659.x
(1974) Natural sequences in child second language acquisition. Language Learning24: 37–53. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑1770.1974.tb00234.x
(1975) Creative construction in second language learning and teaching. In M. Burt and (eds.). H. Dulay On TESOL ‘75Washington DC, TESOL.
Dulay, H. , M. Burt and S.D. Krashen
(1982) Language Two. New York: Oxford University Press.
Doughty, C.
(1992) Second language instruction does make a difference. Studies in Second Language Acquisition13:431–69. doi: 10.1017/S0272263100010287
Johnston, M.
(1985) Syntactic and Morphological Progressions in Learner English, Research Report. Canberra, Department of Immigration and Ethnic Affairs Commonwealth of Australia.
(1986) Second language acquisition research: a classroom perspective. NSW: Adult Migrant Education Service.
(1994) Second Language Acquisition : a classroom perspective. ASLA 1.
Krashen, S. D.
(1981) Second Language Acquisition and Second Language Learning. Oxford, Pergamon Press Ltd.
(1985) The Input Hypothesis: Issues and Implications. New York, Longman.
(1992) Teaching issues: formal grammar instruction, TESOL Quarterly26,2:409–411. doi: 10.2307/3587020
Krashen, S.D. and T. Terrel
(1983) The Natural Approach. New York, Pergamon.
Larsen-Freeman, D. and M. Long
(1991) An Introduction to Second Language Acquisition Research. New York, Longman.
Lightbown, P. M.
(1983) Exploring relationships between developmental and instructional sequences in L2 acquisition. In H. Seliger and M. Long (eds) Classroom oriented research on second language acquisition. Rowley Mass., Newbury House.
Lightbown, P. M. and N. Spada
(1990) Focus on form and corrective feedback in communicative language teaching: effects on second language learning. Studies in Second Language Acquisition12: 429–448. doi: 10.1017/S0272263100009517
Long, M. H.
(1983) Does second language instruction make a difference? A review of research. TESOL Quarterly17,3: 359–82 doi: 10.2307/3586253
(1991) Focus on Form: A Design Feature in Language Teaching Methodology. In K. de Bot, D. Coste , C. Kramsch and R. Ginsberg (eds.) Foreign Language Research in Cross-Cultural Perspective. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/sibil.2.07lon
Pavesi, M.
(1984) The acquisition of relative clauses in a formal and in an informal setting: further evidence in support of the markedness hypothesis. In D. Singleton , and D. Little , (eds) Language learning in formal and informal contexts. Dublin, IRAAL.
Pica, T.
(1983) Adult acquisition of English as a second language under different conditions of exposure. Language Learning33, 4: 465–497. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑1770.1983.tb00945.x
Pienemann, M.
(1984a) Psychological constraints on the teachability of languages. Studies in Second Language Acquisition6, 2:186–214. doi: 10.1017/S0272263100005015
(1984b) Learnability and syllabus construction. In K. Hyltenstam and M. Pienemann . (eds) Modelling and Assessing Second Language Acquisition. Clevedon, Multilingual Matters.
(1987) Determining the influence of instruction on L2 speech processing. Australian Review of Applied Linguistics10,2: 83–113.
(1989) Is Language Teachable? Psycholinguistic Experiments and Hypotheses. Applied Linguistic s10,1:52–79. doi: 10.1093/applin/10.1.52
(1992) Assessing Second Language Acquisition Through Rapid Profile. LARC Occassional Papers 3.
Pienemann, M. and M. Johnston
(1987) Factors influencing the development of language proficiency. In D. Nunan (ed). Applying Second Language Acquisition Research. Adelaide, NCRC.
Pienemann, M. , M. Johnston and G. Brindley
(1988) Constructing an acquisition-based procedure for second language assessment. Studies in Second Language Acquisition10, 2:217–243. doi: 10.1017/S0272263100007324
Pienemann, M. and A. Mackey
(1992) An Empirical Study of Children’s ESL Development and Rapid Profile. In P. McKay ESL Development:: Language and Literacy in Schools. National Languages and Literacy Institute of Australia: Canberra.
Pienemann, M. A. Mackey and I. Thornton
(1991) Rapid Profile. LARC Occasional Papers 2.
Spada, N. and P. Lightbown
(1993) Instruction and the development of questions in L2 classrooms. Studies in Second LanguageAcquisition15:205–221. doi: 10.1017/S0272263100011967
White, L. , N. Spada , P.M. Lightbown , and L. Ranta
(1991) Input enhancement and L2 question formation. Applied Linguistics12:416–432. doi: 10.1093/applin/12.4.416
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address