The importance of, it is important that or importantly?

MyBook is a cheap paperback edition of the original book and will be sold at uniform, low price.

Buy this article

Price: £15.00+Taxes
Add to favourites

The use of morphologically related stance markers in learner and expert writing

The full text of this article is not currently available.

Data & Media loading...


Full text loading...


Anthony, L.
(2014) AntConc (Version 3.4.3) [Computer Software]. Tokyo: Waseda University. Retrieved (last accessedFebruary 2017).
Biber, D.
(2006a) Stance in spoken and written university registers. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 5(2), 97–116. doi: 10.1016/j.jeap.2006.05.001
(2006b) University Language: A Corpus-based Study of Spoken and Written Registers. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/scl.23
Biber, D. , Johansson, S. , Leech, G. , Conrad, S. , & Finegan, E.
(1999) Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English. Harlow: Longman.
Charles, M.
(2003) ‘This mystery…’: A corpus-based study of the use of nouns to construct stance in theses from two contrasting disciplines. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 2(4), 313–326. doi: 10.1016/S1475‑1585(03)00048‑1
Conrad, S. , & Biber, D.
(2000) Adverbial marking of stance in speech and writing. In S. Hunston & G. Thompson (Eds.), Evaluation in Text: Authorial Stance and the Construction of Discourse (pp.56–73). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Davies, M.
(2008) The Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA): 520 Million Words, 1990-present. Available online (last accessedFebruary 2017).
Fox, J. , & Hong, J.
(2009) Effect displays in R for Multinomial and Proportional-odds logit models: Extensions to the Effects package. Journal of Statistical Software, 32(1), 1–24. doi: 10.18637/jss.v032.i01
Gries, S. T.
(2013) Statistics for Linguistics with R: A Practical Introduction. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110307474
Groom, N.
(2005) Pattern and meaning across genres and disciplines: An exploratory study. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 4(3), 257–277. doi: 10.1016/j.jeap.2005.03.002
Hacker, D. , & Sommers, N. I.
(2014) The Bedford Handbook (9th ed.). Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martins.
Halliday, M. A. K.
(1994) An Introduction to Functional Grammar (2nd ed.). London: Edward Arnold.
Hasselgård, H.
(2009) Thematic choice and expressions of stance in English argumentative texts by Norwegian learners. In K. Aijmer (Ed.), Corpora and Language Teaching (pp.121–139). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/scl.33.12has
Hatzitheodorou, A.-M. , & Mattheoudakis, M.
(2009) “It is more than true that television reproduces life”: The effect of Greek rhetorical conventions on Greek learners’ academic writing in English. In T. Tsangalidis (Ed.), Selected Papers from the 18th International Symposium on Theoretical and Applied Linguistics (pp.167–176). Thessaloniki: Monochromia.
Herriman, J.
(2013) The extraposition of clausal subjects in English and Swedish. In K. Aijmer & B. Altenberg (Eds.), Advances in Corpus-based Contrastive Linguistics: Studies in Honor of Stig Johansson (pp.233–260). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/scl.54.13her
Herriman, J. , & Boström Aronsson
(2009) Themes in Swedish advanced learners’ writing in English. In K. Aijmer (Ed.), Corpora and Language Teaching (pp.101–120). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/scl.33.11her
Hunston, S. , & Francis, G.
(2000) Pattern Grammar: A Corpus-driven Approach to the Lexical Grammar of English. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/scl.4
Hunston, S. , & Sinclair J.
(2000) A local grammar of evaluation. In S. Hunston & G. Thompson (Eds.), Evaluation in text: Authorial Stance and the Construction of Discourse (pp.74–101). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hunston, S. , & Thompson, G.
(Eds.) (2000) Evaluation in Text: Authorial Stance and the Construction of Discourse. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hyland, K.
(2005) Stance and engagement: A model of interaction in academic discourse. Discourse Studies, 7(2), 173–192. doi: 10.1177/1461445605050365
Koehn, P.
(2005) Europarl: A parallel corpus for statistical machine translation. InConference Proceedings: The Tenth Machine Translation Summit (MT Summit X) (pp.9–86). Phuket, Thailand.
Larsson, T.
(2014, January). Introducing the Advanced Learner English Corpus (ALEC): A new learner corpus. Poster presented at the2014 LOT Winter School, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
(2016) The introductory it pattern: Variability explored in learner and expert writing. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 22(2016), 64–79. doi: 10.1016/j.jeap.2016.01.007
(forthcoming). A syntactic analysis of the introductory it pattern in non-native-speaker and native-speaker student writing. In M. Mahlberg & V. Wiegand Eds. Corpus Linguistics, Context and Culture. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.
(under review). A functional classification of the introductory it pattern: Investigating academic writing by non-native-speaker and native-speaker students.
Lindgrén, S -A.
(2015) The BATMAT Corpus Version 1.1. English Language and Literature, Åbo Akademi University, Åbo.
LOCRA (Louvain Corpus of Research Articles)
LOCRA (Louvain Corpus of Research Articles)[Corpus]. Louvain-la-Neuve: Centre for English Corpus Linguistics, Université catholique de Louvain. Available online at (last accessedFebruary 2017).
Martin, J. R. , & White, P. R. R.
(2005) The Language of Evaluation: Appraisal in English. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. doi: 10.1057/9780230511910
Neff, J. , Ballesteros, F. , Dafouz, E. , Martínez, F. , & Rica, J.-P.
(2003) Formulating writer stance: A contrastive study of EFL learner corpora. In D. Archer , P. Rayson , A. Wilson & T. McEnery (Eds.), Proceedings of the Corpus Linguistics 2003 Conference. UCREL Technical Papers 16 (pp.562–571). Lancaster University: UCREL.
Paquot, M. , Hasselgård, H. , & Oksefjell Ebeling, S.
(2013) Writer/reader visibility in learner writing across genres: A comparison of the French and Norwegian components of the ICLE and VESPA learner corpora. In S. Granger , G. Gilquin & F. Meunier (Eds.), Twenty Years of Learner Corpus Research: Looking Back, Moving Ahead (pp.377–388). Louvain-la-Neuve: Presses universitaires de Louvain.
Quirk, R. , Greenbaum, S. , Leech, G. , & Svartvik, J.
(1985) A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. London: Longman.
R Core Team
R Core Team (2015) R: A language and environment for statistical computing [Computer software]. Vienna, R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Retrieved (last accessedNovember 2016).
Sinclair, J.
(1991) Corpus, Concordance, Collocation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address