Language-at all times

MyBook is a cheap paperback edition of the original book and will be sold at uniform, low price.

Buy this article

Price: £15.00+Taxes
Add to favourites

Action and interaction as contexts for enriching representations

The full text of this article is not currently available.

Data & Media loading...


Full text loading...


Akhtar, N. , & Tomasello, M.
(2000) The social nature of words and word learning. In R. M. Golinkoff & K. Hirsh-Pasek (Eds.), Becoming a word learner: A debate on lexical acquisition (pp. 115–135). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130324.003.005
Ambrosini, E. , Reddy, V. , de Looper, A. , Costantini, M. , Lopez, B. , Sinigaglia, C. , & Lappe, M.
(2013) Looking ahead: Anticipatory gaze and motor ability in infancy. PLoS ONE, 8(7), 1–9. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0067916
Anderson, M.L.
(2010) Neural reuse: A fundamental organizational principle of the brain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 33, 254–313. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X10000853
Bahrick, L. E. , & Lickliter, R.
(2000) Intersensory redundancy guides attentional selectivity and perceptual learning in infancy. Developmental Psychology, 36(2), 190–201 doi: 10.1037/0012‑1649.36.2.190
Bahrick, L. E. , Lickliter, R. , & Flom, R.
(2004) Intersensory redundancy guides the development of selective attention, perception, and cognition in infancy. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13(3), 99–102. doi: 10.1111/j.0963‑7214.2004.00283.x
Balaban, M. T. , & Waxman, S. R.
(1997) Do words facilitate object categorization in 9-month-old infants?Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 64(1), 3–26. doi: 10.1006/jecp.1996.2332
Barsalou, L. W. , Santos, A. , Simmons, W. K. , & Wilson, C. D.
(2008) Symbols, embodiment, and meaning. In M. D. Vega , Glenberg, A. M. , & A. C. Graesser (Eds.), Symbols, embodiment, and meaning (pp. 245–283). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217274.003.0013
Beebe, B. , Gerstman, L. , Carson, B. , Dolins, M. , Zigman, A. , Rosensweig, H. ,... Korman, M.
(1982) Rhythmic communication in the mother–infant dyad. In M. Davis (Ed.), Interaction rhythms: Periodicity in communicative behavior (pp. 77–100). New York, NY: Human Sciences Press.
Bergelson, E. , & Swingley, D.
(2012) At 6–9 months, human infants know the meanings of many common nouns. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(9), 3253–3258. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1113380109
Bloom, P.
(2000) How children learn the meanings of words. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Bortfeld, H. , Morgan, J. L. , Golinkoff, R. M. , & Rathbun, K.
(2005) Mommy and me: Familiar names help launch babies into speech-stream segmentation. Psychological Science, 16(4), 298–304. doi: 10.1111/j.0956‑7976.2005.01531.x
Bowerman, M.
(1996) Learning how to structure space for language: A crosslinguistic perspective. In P. Bloom , Peterson, M. , Nadel, L. & M. Garrett (Eds.), Language and space. (pp. 385–436). Cambridge MA: MIT Press.
Brand, R. J. , & Tapscott, S.
(2007) Acoustic packaging of action sequences by infants. Infancy, 11(3), 321–332. doi: 10.1111/j.1532‑7078.2007.tb00230.x
Bruner, J.S.
(1975) The ontogenesis of speech acts. Journal of Child Language, 2(1), 1–19. doi: 10.1017/S0305000900000866
(1983) Child’s talk: Learning to use language. New York, NY: Norton.
Bruner, J. S. , & Sherwood, V.
(1976) Peekaboo and the learning of rule structures. In J. S. Bruner (Ed.), Play: Its role in development and evolution (pp. 277–285. Harmondsworth, England: Penguin.
Buccino, G. , Riggio, L. , Melli, G. , Binkofski, F. , Gallese, V. , & Rizzolatti, G.
(2005) Listening to action-related sentences modulates the activity of the motor system: A combined TMS and behavioral study. Cognitive Brain Research, 24(3), 355–363. doi: 10.1016/j.cogbrainres.2005.02.020
Cangelosi, A. , Metta, G. , Sagerer, G. , Nolfi, S. , Nehaniv, C. , Fischer, K. , & Zeschel, A.
et al (2010) Integration of action and language knowledge: A roadmap for developmental robotics. IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development, 2(3), 167–195. doi: 10.1109/tamd.2010.2053034
Cekaite, A.
(2016) Touch as social control: Haptic organization of attention in adult-child interactions. Journal of Pragmatics, 92, 30–42. doi: 10.1016/j.pragma.2015.11.003
Choi, S.
(2000) Caregiver input in English and Korean: Use of nouns and verbs in book reading and toy-play contexts. Journal of Child Language, 27, 69–96. doi: 10.1017/s0305000999004018
Choi, S. , McDonough, L. , Bowerman, M. , & Mandler, J. M.
(1999) Early sensitivity to language-specific spatial categories in English and Korean. Cognitive Development, 14, 241–268. doi: 10.1016/s0885‑2014(99)00004‑0
Clark, A.
(2013) Whatever next? Predictive brains, situated agents, and the future of cognitive science. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36(3), 181–204. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X12000477
Colombo, J. , & Bundy, R. S.
(1983) Infant response to auditory familiarity and novelty. Infant Behavior and Development, 6(2), 305–311. doi: 10.1016/s0163‑6383(83)80039‑3
de Barbaro, K. , Johnson, C. M. , Forster, D. , & Deák, G. O.
(2015) Sensorimotor decoupling contributes to triadic attention: A longitudinal investigation of mother–infant–object interactions. Child Development. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12464
de León, L.
(2000) The emergent participant: Interactive patterns in the socialization of Tzotzil (Mayan) infants. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 8, 131–161. doi: 10.1525/jlin.1998.8.2.131
Fantasia, V. , Fasulo, A. , Costall, A. , & López, B.
(2014) Changing the game: Exploring infants’ participation in early play routines. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 1–9. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00522
Feldman, J. , & Narayanan, S.
(2004) Embodied meaning in a neural theory of language. Brain and Language, 89(2), 385–392. doi: 10.1016/s0093‑934x(03)00355‑9
Ferguson, B. , & Waxman, S. R.
(2016) What the [beep]? Six-month-olds link novel communicative signals to meaning. Cognition, 146, 185–189. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2015.09.020
Ferrier, L.
(1978) Some observations of error in context. In N. Waterson & C. Snow (Eds.), The development of communication (pp. 301–309). London, England: Wiley.
Ferry, A. L. , Hespos, S. J. , & Waxman, S. R.
(2010) Categorization in 3-and 4-month-old infants: An advantage of words over tones. Child Development, 81(2), 472–479. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑8624.2009.01408.x
Fischer, M. H. , & Zwaan, R. A.
(2008) Embodied language: A review of the role of the motor system in language comprehension. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 61(6), 825–850. doi: 10.1080/17470210701623605
Friedman, O. , & Leslie, A. M.
(2007) The conceptual underpinnings of pretense: Pretending is not “behaving-as-if.”Cognition, 105(1), 103–124. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2006.09.007
Gallese, V. , & Lakoff, G.
(2005) The brain’s concepts: The role of the sensory-motor system in reason and language. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 22, 455–479. doi: 10.1080/02643290442000310
Gampe, A. , & Daum, M. M.
(2014) Productive verbs facilitate action prediction in toddlers. Infancy, 19(3), 301–325. doi: 10.1111/infa.12047
Gerson, S. A. , & Woodward, A. L.
(2014) Learning from their own actions: The unique effect of producing actions on infants’ action understanding. Child Development, 85(1), 264–277. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12115
Gibbs, R.W.
(2006) Embodiment and cognitive science. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Gibson, J.J.
(1966) The senses considered as perceptual systems. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.
Gilbert, D. T. , & Wilson, T. D.
(2007) Prospection: Experiencing the future. Science, 317, 1351–1354. doi: 10.1126/science.1144161
Gleason, J. B. , Perlmann, R. Y. , & Greif, E. B.
(1984) What’s the magic word: Learning language through politeness routines. Discourse Processes, 7(4), 493–502. doi: 10.1080/01638538409544603
Gleason, J. B. , & Weintraub, S.
(1976) The acquisition of routines in child language. Language in Society, 5(2), 129–136. doi: 10.1017/S0047404500006977
Glenberg, A.M.
(1997) What memory is for. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 20(1), 1–55.
Glenberg, A. M. , & Kaschak, M. P.
(2002) Grounding language in action. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 9, 558–565. doi: 10.3758/bf03196313
Göksun, T. , Hirsh-Pasek, K. , & Golinkoff, R. M.
(2010) Trading spaces carving up events for learning language. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 5(1), 33–42. doi: 10.1177/1745691609356783
Goffman, E.
(1967) Interaction ritual: Essays on face-to-face behavior. Garden City, NY: Anchor.
Golinkoff, R. M. , & Hirsh-Pasek, K.
(2006) Baby wordsmith from associationist to social sophisticate. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15(1), 30–33 doi: 10.1111/j.0963‑7214.2006.00401.x
(2008) How toddlers begin to learn verbs. Trends in Cognitive Science, 10, 397–403. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2008.07.003
Harris, P. L. , & Kavanough, R. D.
(1993) Young children’s understanding of pretense. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 58(1), 1–91. doi: 10.2307/1166074
Harrist, A. W. , & Waugh, R. M.
(2002) Dyadic synchrony: Its structure and function in children’s development. Developmental Review, 22(4), 555–592. doi: 10.1016/s0273‑2297(02)00500‑2
Heller, V. , & Rohlfing, K. J.
(2015) From establishing reference to representing events independent from the here and now: A longitudinal study of depictive practices in early childhood. GESPIN Gesture and Speech in Interaction proceedings, Nantes 2–4 September 2015, 143–148.
Hirsh-Pasek, K. , Adamson, L. B. , Bakeman, R. , Owen, M. T. , Golinkoff, R. M. , Pace, A. ,... Suma, K.
(2015) The contribution of early communication quality to low-income children’s language success. Psychological Science, 26(7), 1071–1083. doi: 10.1177/0956797615581493
Hirsh-Pasek, K. , & Golinkoff, R. M.
(1996) The origins of grammar: Evidence from early language comprehension. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Hsu, H. C. , & Fogel, A.
(2003) Stability and transitions in mother-infant face-to-face communication during the first 6 months: A microhistorical approach. Developmental Psychology, 39(6), 1061–1082. doi: 10.1037/0012‑1649.39.6.1061
Iverson, J. M. , & Thelen, E.
(1999) Hand, mouth and brain. The dynamic emergence of speech and gesture. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 6(11–12), 19–40.
Jaffe, F. , Beebe, B. , Feldstein, S. , Crown, C. L. , & Jasnow, M. D.
(2001) Rhythms of dialogue in infancy. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 66(2, Serial No. 265).
Jeannerod, M.
(2006) Motor cognition – what action tells the self. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569657.001.0001
Johnston, J. R. , & Slobin, D. I.
(1979) The development of locative expressions in English, Italian, Serbo-Croatian and Turkish. Journal of Child Language, 6, 529–545. doi: 10.1017/S030500090000252X
Karasik, L. B. , Tamis‐LeMonda, C. S. , & Adolph, K.E.
(2014) Crawling and walking infants elicit different verbal responses from mothers. Developmental science, 17(3), 388–395. doi: 10.1111/desc.12129
Kaye, K. , & Wells, A. J.
(1980) Mothers’ jiggling and the burst-pause pattern in neonatal feeding. Infant Behavior and Development, 3, 29–46. doi: 10.1016/s0163‑6383(80)80005‑1
Lakoff, G.
(1987) Women, fire, and dangerous things: What categories reveal about the mind. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. doi: 10.7208/chicago/9780226471013.001.0001
Leimbrink, K.
(2010) Kommunikation von Anfang an: Die Entwicklung von Sprache in den ersten Lebensmonaten [Communication right from the start: Language development in the first months of life]. Tübingen, Germany: Stauffenburg.
Lerner, G. , Zimmerman, D. H. , & Kidwell, M.
(2011) Formal structures of practical tasks: A resource for action in the social life of very young children. In J. Streeck , Goodwin, C. , & C. D. LeBaron (Eds.), Embodied interaction. Language and body in the material world (pp. 44–58). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
Lewkowicz, D.
(2000) The development of intersensory temporal perception: An epigenetic systems/limitations view. Psychological Bulletin, 126(2), 281. doi: 10.1037/0033‑2909.126.2.281
Liszkowski, U.
(2014) Two sources of meaning in infant communication: Preceding action contexts and act-accompanying characteristics. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 369 (1651), 20130294. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2013.0294
Madole, K. L. , & Oakes, L. M.
(1999) Making sense of infant categorization: Stable processes and changing representations. Developmental Review, 19, 263–296. doi: 10.1006/drev.1998.0481
Mandler, J.M.
(1998) Representation. In D. Kuhn & R. Siegler (Eds.), Cognition, perception, and language (pp. 255–308). Volume 2 of W. Damon (Series Ed.), Handbook of child psychology. New York, NY: Wiley.
(2012) On the spatial foundations of the conceptual system and its enrichment. Cognitive Science, 36(3), 421–451. doi: 10.1111/j.1551‑6709.2012.01241.x
Marentette, P , Nicoladis, E.
(2012) Does ontogenetic ritualization explain early communicative gestures in human infants?In S. Pika & Liebal, K (Eds.), Developments in primate gesture research (pp. 33–54). Amsterdam, The Netherlands: John Benjamins.
McDonough, L. , Choi, S. , & Mandler, J.
(2003) Understanding spatial relations: Flexible infants, lexical adults. Cognitive Psychology, 46, 229–259. doi: 10.1016/s0010‑0285(02)00514‑5
Muir, D. , & Field, J.
(1979) Newborn infants orient to sounds. Child Development, 50, 431–436. doi:  doi: 10.2307/1129419
Nomikou, I.
(2015) The collaborative construction of early multimodal input and its significance for language development (Doctoral thesis, Bielefeld University, Germany).
Nomikou, I. , & Rohlfing, K. J.
(2011) Language does something: Body action and language in maternal input to three-month-olds. IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development, 3(2), 113–128. doi: 10.1109/TAMD.2011.2140113
Nomikou, I. , Rohlfing, K. J. , Mandler, J. M. & Cimiano, P.
(submitted). Evidence for early comprehension of action verbs.
Nelson, K.
(1974) Concept, word, and sentence: interrelations in acquisition and development. Psychol. Rev.81, 267–285. doi: 10.1037/h0036592
Nomikou, I. , Rohlfing, K. J. , & Szufnarowska, J.
(2013) Educating attention: Recruiting, maintaining, and framing eye contact in early natural mother–infant interactions. Interaction Studies, 14(2), 240–267. doi: 10.1075/is.14.2.05nom
Nomikou, I. , Leonardi, G. , Rohlfing, K. J. & Rączaszek-Leonardi, J.
(2016) Constructing interaction: the development of gaze dynamics. Infant and Child Development, 25(3), (277–295).
Papoušek, M. , & Papoušek, H.
(1989) Forms and functions of vocal matching in interactions between mothers and their precanonical infants. First Language, 9(6), 137–157. doi: 10.1177/014272378900900603
(1990) Excessive infant crying and intuitive parental care: Buffering support and its failures in parent-infant interaction. Early Child Development and Care, 65(1), 117–126. doi: 10.1080/0300443900650114
Papoušek, M. , Papoušek, H. , & Harris, B. J.
(1987) The emergence of play in parent-infant interactions. In D. Görlitz & J. F. Wohlwill (Eds.) Curiosity, imagination, and play: On the development of spontaneous cognitive and motivational processes (pp. 214–246). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Parise, E. , & Csibra, G.
(2012) Electrophysiological evidence for the understanding of maternal speech by 9-month-old infants. Psychological Science, 23, 128–733. doi: 10.1177/0956797612438734
Pauen, S. , Birgit, T. , Hoehl, S. , & Bechtel, S.
(2015) Show me the world: Object categorization and socially guided object learning in infancy. Child Development Perspectives, 9(2), 111–116. doi: 10.1111/cdep.12119
Peters, A. M. & Boggs, S. T.
(1986) Interactional routines as cultural influences upon language acquisition. In B. B. Schieffelin & E. Ochs (Eds.), Language socialization across cultures (pp. 80–96). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
Pezzulo, G. , Barsalou, L. W. , Cangelosi, A. , Fischer, M. H. , McRae, K. , & Spivey, M. J.
(2012) Computational grounded cognition: A new alliance between grounded cognition and computational modeling. Frontiers in Psychology, 3
Piaget, J.
(1954) The construction of reality in the child ( M. Cook , Trans.). New York, NY: Basic Books. (Original work published 1937) doi: 10.1037/11168‑000
Piaget, J. , & Inhelder, B.
(1993) Die Entwicklung des räumlichen Denkens beim Kinde [The child’s conception of space]. Stuttgart, Germany: Klett-Cotta.
Plunkett, K. , Hu, J. F. , & Cohen, L. B.
(2008) Labels can override perceptual categories in early infancy. Cognition, 106(2), 665–681. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2007.04.003
Pruden, S. M. , Hirsh-Pasek, K. , Golinkoff, R. M. , & Hennon, E. A.
(2006) The birth of words: Ten-month-olds learn words through perceptual salience. Child Development, 77(2), 266–280. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑8624.2006.00869.x
Pulvermüller, F.
(2005) Brain mechanisms linking language and action. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 6(7), 576–582. doi: 10.1038/nrn1706
Rączaszek-Leonardi, J. , Nomikou, I. , & Rohlfing, K. J.
(2013) Young children’s dialogical actions: The beginnings of purposeful intersubjectivity. IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development, 5(3), 210–221. doi: 10.1109/TAMD.2013.2273258
Rakoczy, H. , & Tomasello, M.
(2006) Two-year-olds grasp the intentional structure of pretense acts. Developmental Science, 9(6), 557–564. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑7687.2006.00533.x
Ratner, N. , & Bruner, J. S.
(1978) Games, social exchange and the acquisition of language. Journal of Child Language, 5, 391–401. doi: 10.1017/S0305000900002063
Reddy, V. , Markova, G. , & Wallot, S.
(2013) Anticipatory adjustments to being picked up in infancy. Plo S one, 8(6), e65289. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0065289
Reddy, V. , & Uithol, S.
(2015) Engagement: looking beyond the mirror to understand action understanding. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 34(1), 101–114.
Rohlfing, K. J. , Wrede, B. , Vollmer, A.-L. , Oudeyer, P.-Y.
(2016) An alternative to mapping a word onto a concept in language acquisition: Pragmatic frames. Frontiers in Psychology, 7.
Rossmanith, N. , Costall, A. , Reichelt, A. F. , López, B. , & Reddy, V.
(2014) Jointly structuring triadic spaces of meaning and action: book sharing from 3 months on. Frontiers in Psychology, 5. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01390
Sadoski, M. & Paivio, A.
(2004) A dual coding theoretical model of reading. In R. B. Ruddell & N. J. Unrau (Eds.), Theoretical models and processes of reading (pp. 1329–1362). Newark, DE: International Reading Association.
Schilling, M. , & Narayanan, S.
(2013), Communicating with executable action representations. In Proceedings of AAAI Spring Symposium Series 2013, Stanford, CA.
Slater, A. , Quinn, P. , Kelly, D. , Lee, K. , Longmore, C. , McDonald, P. , & Pascalis, O.
(2010) The shaping of the face space in early infancy: Becoming a native face processor. Child Development Perspectives, 4, 205–211. doi: 10.1111/j.1750‑8606.2010.00147.x
Sobel, D.M.
(2007) Children’s knowledge of the relation between intentional action and pretending. Cognitive Development, 22(1), 130–141. doi: 10.1016/j.cogdev.2006.06.002
Spranger, M. , & Steels, L.
(2014) Discovering communication through ontogenetic ritualization. In Development and Learning and Epigenetic Robotics (ICDL-Epirob), 2014 Joint IEEE International Conferences on (pp. 14–19). IEEE.
Stern, D.N.
(1974) Mother and infant at play: The dyadic interaction involving facial, vocal, and gaze behaviors. In M. Lewis &. L. A. Rosenblum (Eds.), The effect of the infant on its caregiver (pp. 187–213). Oxford, England: Wiley-Interscience.
(1985) The interpersonal world of the infant: A view from psychoanalysis and developmental psychology. New York, NY: Basic Books.
Strähle, P.
(2013) Emergenz globaler Diskursfähigkeiten im Rahmen von Begrüßungsroutinen: Rekonstruktion interaktiver Erwerbsprozesse [Emergence of global discourse abilities in greeting routines: Reconstruction of interactive acquisition processes] (Doctoral thesis, Technische Universität Dortmund, Germany). Retrieved from
Takada, A.
(2005) Early vocal communication and social institution: Appellation and infant verse addressing among the Central Kalahari San. Crossroads of Language, Interaction, and Culture, 6, 80–108.
Tarplee, C.
(2010) Next turn and intersubjectivity in children’s language acquisition. In H. Gardner & M. A. Forrester (Eds.), Analysing interactions in childhood. Insights from conversation analysis (pp. 3–22). Chichester, England: Wiley-Blackwell.
Thelen, E. , & Smith, L. B.
(1994) A dynamic systems approach to the development of cognition and action. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Tomasello, M.
(2003) Constructing a language. A usage-based theory of language acquisition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Trevarthen, C.
(1979) Communication and cooperation in early infancy: A description of primary intersubjectivity. In M. Bullowa (Ed.), Before speech. The beginning of interpersonal communication (pp. 321–347). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
Tulbert, E. , & Goodwin, M. H.
(2011) Choreographies of attention: Multimodality in a routine family activity. In J. Streeck , Goodwin, C. , & C. D. LeBaron (Eds.), Embodied interaction: Language and body in the material world (pp. 79–92). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
Wagner, L. , & Lakusta, L.
(2009) Using language to navigate the infant mind. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 4(2), 177–184. doi: 10.1111/j.1745‑6924.2009.01117.x
Warlaumont, A. S. , Richards, J. A. , Gilkerson, J. , & Oller, D. K.
(2014) A social feedback loop for speech development and its reduction in autism. Psychological science, 25(7). 1314–1324. doi: 10.1177/0956797614531023
Watson, J.
(1985) Contingency perception in early social development. In T. Field & N. A. Fox (Eds.), Social perception in infants (pp. 157–176). Norwood, NJ: Ablex.
Wellsby, M. , & Pexman, P. M.
(2014) Developing embodied cognition: Insights from children’s concepts and language processing. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 506. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00506
Werner, H. , & Kaplan, B.
(1963) Symbol formation. New York, NY: Wiley.
Wojcik, E.H.
(2013) Remembering new words: Integrating early memory development into word learning. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 151. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00151
Woodward, A.
(1999) Infants’ ability to distinguish between purposeful and nonpurposeful behaviors. Infant Behavior and Development22, 145–160. doi: 10.1016/S0163‑6383(99)00007‑7
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address