Asymmetries and inequalities in the teaching of Arabic and Hebrew in the Israeli educational system

MyBook is a cheap paperback edition of the original book and will be sold at uniform, low price.

Buy this article

Price: £15.00+Taxes
Add to favourites

The full text of this article is not currently available.

Data & Media loading...


Full text loading...


Abu Ghazaleh-Mahajneh , Marwan Muhammad Hasan Yusef
2009Attitudes among Arab Students towards the Status of the Arabic, Hebrew, and English at University (Master’s thesis). Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University.
Abu-Rabia, Salim
1998 “Social and Cognitive Factors Influencing the Reading Comprehension of Arab Students Learning Hebrew as a Second Language in Israel.” Journal of Research in Reading201–212.
1999 “Towards a Second-Language Model of Learning in Problematic Social Contexts: The Case of Arabs Learning Hebrew in Israel.” Race, Ethnicity and Education2 (1): 109–125.
Amara, Muhammad Hasan , and Abd Al-Rahman Mar’i
2002Language Education Policy: The Arab Minority in Israel. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
Amara, Muhammad
2007 “Teaching Hebrew to Palestinian pupils in Israel.” Current Issues in Language Planning8 (2): 243–254.
Amara, Muhammad , Faisal Azaiza , Rachel Hertz-Lazarowitz , and Aura Mor-Sommerfeld
2008Hora’at ha-‘aravit ke-safa zara be-vatei ha-sefer ha-yehudiyyim be-Yisra’el: etgarim ve-hamlatzot [Teaching Arabic as a foreign language in Israel’s Jewish schools: Challenges and recommendations]. Haifa: The Jewish-Arab Center, the University of Haifa.
Anidjar, Gil
2008Semites: Race, Religion, Literature. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
Bakshi, Aviad
2011Ha-umnam ha-‘aravit safa rishmit be-Yisra’el? [Is indeed Arabic an official language in Israel?]. Jerusalem: The Institute for Zionist Strategies.
Beekes, Robert S. P.
2011Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction. 2ndedition. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Ben-Rafael, Eliezer , Elana Shohamy , Muhammad Hasan Amara , and Nira Trumper-Hecht
2006 “Linguistic Landscape as Symbolic Construction of the Public Space: The Case of Israel.” International Journal of Multilingualism3 (1): 7–30.
Bereday, George Z. F.
1964Comparative Method in Education. London and New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
Blommaert, Jan
2010The Sociolinguistics of Globalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bray, Mark , and R. Murray Thomas
1995 “Levels of Comparison in Educational Studies: Different Insights from Different Literatures and the Value of Multilevel Analyses.” Harvard Educational Review65 (3): 472–490.
Brock, Colin , and Nafsika Alexiadou
2013Education around the World: A Comparative Introduction. London and New York: Bloomsbury.
Central Bureau of Statistics
Central Bureau of Statistics 2013Statistical Abstract of Israel 2013 - No.64. Jerusalem: Israel Government.
CET 2011 ‘Ivrit la-derekh: ‘Ivrit le-dovrey aravit, kita zayin [Hebrew for the way: Hebrew for speakers of Arabic, 7th grade]. Tel Aviv: The Center for Educational Technology.
Donitsa-Schmidt, Smadar , Ofra Inbar , and Elana Shohamy
2004 “The Effects of Teaching Spoken Arabic on Students’ Attitudes and Motivation in Israel.” The Modern Language Journal88 (ii): 217–228.
Dubiner, Deborah
2008The Impact of Incipient Trilinguality on the Linguistic and Socio-Affective Development of Jewish Elementary School Children in Israel. Doctoral Dissertation Submitted to the Department of Modern Languages. Pittsburgh: Carnegie Mellon University.
Elazar-Halevy, Dana
2009 “Ruhot le’umiyut u-tfisot militaristiyot be-limudei ha-‘Aravit be-Yisra’el” [Nationalistic spirits and militaristic perceptions in Arabic studies in Israel]. Dor le-Dor: Journal for the Studies in the History of Jewish Education in Israel34: 7–32.
Fairclough, Norman
2010Critical Discourse Analysis: The Critical Study of Language. 2ndedition. Abingdon: Routledge.
Fishman, Joshua A.
2006DO NOT Leave Your Language Alone: The Hidden Status Agendas within Corpus Planning in Language Policy. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Fragman, Alon
1999 “Summarizing and Translation in Teaching Arabic Reading Comprehension in Israel.” Al-Arabiyya32: 65–86.
Hayam-Yonas, Adva , and Shira Malka
2006Likrat pituah tokhnit limudim be-‘Aravit la-hativat ha-benayim ve-la-hativa ha-‘elyona ba-migzar ha-Yehudi [Towards the development of an Arabic curriculum for the junior high school and high school in the Jewish sector: An evaluation research]. Jerusalem: Henrietta Szold Institute.
Kubota, Ryuko
2006 “Teaching Second Languages for National Security Purposes: A Case of Post-9/11 USA.” In(Re)locating TESOL in an Age of Empire, edited by Julian Edge , 119–138. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Lustigman, Ran
2008 “Hora’at ha-safa ha-‘Aravit be-vatey sefer ‘Ivriyyim: shki’a nuga” [Arabic instruction in Hebrew schools: A melancholy sunset]. InSixty Years of Education in Israel: Past, Present, Future, 167–177. Jerusalem: Mandel Leadership Institute.
May, Stephen
2012Language and Minority Rights: Ethnicity, Nationalism and the Politics of Language. New York: Routledge.
Melas, Natalie
2007All the Difference in the World: Postcoloniality and the Ends of Comparison. Stanford, Ca.: Stanford University Press.
Mendel, Yonatan
2011Arabic Studies in Israeli-Jewish Society: In the Shadow of Political Conflict. Dissertation Submitted for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy.Cambridge: Queens’ College, University of Cambridge.
2014The Creation of Israeli Arabic: Political and Security Considerations in the Making of Arabic Language Studies in Israel (Palgrave Studies in Languages at War Series). London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Ministry of Education
Ministry of Education 1996Mediniyyut ha-hinukh ha-leshoni be-Yisra’el [Language education policy in Israel]. Jersualem: Ministry of Education.
Ministry of Education
Ministry of Education 2010 “Nos’im la-bhina be’al-pe la-mo’adim: horef ve-kayits tav-shin-‘ayin-alef“ [Topics for the oral exam for terms: Winter and summer 5771 (2010–2011)]. Amalnet. September7.
Or, Iair G.
manuscript in preparation. “Hebrew and Arabic Bagrut Exams: Inequalities and Imbalances in Testing Policy.”
2011Homrei ha-limud le-hora’at ‘Aravit ve-hat’amatam le-tokhnit ha-limudim [Learning materials for the teaching of Arabic and their suitability for the curriculum. A survey commissioned as background material for the work of the expert team on Arabic teaching]. Jerusalem: The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities.
Or, Iair G. , and Elana Shohamy
2015 “Contrasting Arabic and Hebrew Textbooks in Israel: A Focus on Culture.” InLanguage, Ideology and Education: The Politics of Textbooks in Language Education, edited by Xiao Lan Curdt-Christiansen and Csilla Weninger , 109–125. Abingdon: Routledge.
Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics 2013Al-Filasṭiniyyuna fī nihāyati ʕāmi 2012 [Palestinians at the end of year, 2012]. Ram Allah: Palestinian National Authority.
Paz, Uzi
2008Le-‘ovdah ul-shomrah: shmirat teva be-Yisra’el [To dress it and to keep it: Nature preservation in Israel]. Jerusalem: Ariel.
Phillipson, Robert
1992Linguistic Imperialism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Said, Edward W.
1979Orientalism. New York: Vintage.
Scollon, Ron
2004 “Teaching Language and Culture as Hegemonic Practice.” Modern Language Journal88 (2): 271–274.
Shohamy, Elana
2001The Power of Tests: A Critical Perspective on the Uses of Language Tests. Harlow: Pearson Education.
2006Language Policy: Hidden Agendas and New Approaches. Abingdon: Routledge.
Shohamy, Elana , and Marwan Abu Ghazaleh-Mahajneh
2012 “Linguistic Landscape as a Tool for Interpreting Language Vitality: Arabic as a ‘Minority’ Language in Israel.” InMinority Languages in the Linguistic Landscape, edited by Durk Gorter , Heiko F. Marten and Luk Van Mensel , 89–106. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Shohamy, Elana , and Smadar Donitsa-Schmidt
1998Jews vs. Arabs: Language Attitudes and Stereotypes. Tel Aviv: The Tami Steinmetz Center for Peace Research, Tel Aviv University.
Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty
2003Death of a Discipline. New York: Columbia University Press.
Spolsky, Bernard
2009Language Management. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Spolsky, Bernard , and Elana Shohamy
1996 “Mediniyyut leshonit be-ma’arekhet ha-hinukh be-Yisra’el” [Language policy in the educational system of Israel]. Journal of the Teachers of Arabic and Islam (bit’on ha-morim le-‘Aravit ul-Islam)20: 10–20.
1999The languages of Israel: Policy, Ideology and Practice. Clevedon & Philadelphia: Multilingual Matters.
Spolsky, Bernard , Elana Shohamy , and Smadar Donitsa-Schmidt
1995Hora’at ha-‘Arvit be-vatey sefer ‘Ivriyyim [The teaching of Arabic in the Hebrew sector: A profile]. Ramat Gan: The Language Policy Research Center, Bar-Ilan University.
The Abraham Fund Initiatives. n.d.
The Abraham Fund Initiatives. n.d. “Ha-safa ke-gesher tarbuti: ha-tokhnit ya salaam” [Langauge as a cultural bridge: The ‘Ya Salaam’ program]. The Abraham Fund Initiatives. AccessedMarch2
The Division of Curriculum Planning and Development
The Division of Curriculum Planning and Development 2009Lashon ‘Aravit: tokhnit limudim la-hativat ha-beynayim ve-la-hativa ha-‘elyona be-vatey ha-sefer ha-‘Ivriyim [Arabic language: Curriculum for junior high and high Hebrew schools]. Jerusalem: Ministry of Education.
The Division of Curriculum Planning and Development
The Division of Curriculum Planning and Development 2010Tokhnit limudim: ‘Ivrit ke-safa shniya be-vatey ha-sefer ha-‘Arviyyim li-shlosh hativot ha-gil: gimel-yud-bet [Curriculum: Hebrew as a second language in Arab schools in the three age groups: 3rd-12th grade]. Jerusalem: Ministry of Education.
Van Parijs, Philippe
2011Linguistic Justice for Europe and for the World. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Velstra, Elah
2010Al-lugha bābu l-ḥaḍāra / safa mesaperet tarbut: sefer alef [Language as a door to culture: Volume A]. 2nd. Ra’anana: Studio Effect-tiv.
Wodak, Ruth
2011 “Critical Discourse Analysis.” InContinuum Companion to Discourse Analysis, edited by Ken Hyland and Brian Paltridge , 38–53. London and New York: Continuum.
Yitzhaki, Dafna
2011 “Attitudes to Arabic Language Policies in Israel: Evidence from a Survey Study.” Language Problems & Language Planning35 (2): 95–116.
Zemer, Efrat
2009 “Limud ha-safa ha-‘Aravit? lo be-vet sifrenu” [Arabic language teaching? Not in our school]. NRG. February5.
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address