Visit www.benjamins.com

“Well, I think that my argument is…,” or modality in a learner corpus of English

MyBook is a cheap paperback edition of the original book and will be sold at uniform, low price.

Buy this article

Price: £15.00+Taxes
Add to favourites

The full text of this article is not currently available.
/content/journals/10.1075/resla.29.1.01bar
dcterms_subject,pub_keyword
6
3
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/resla.29.1.01bar
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Loading

Full text loading...

References

Abraham, W
(2012) Modality and theory of mind elements across languages. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110271072
Aijmer, K
(1980) Evidence and the declarative sentence. Stockholm: Almqvist and Wiksell.
(2002) Modality in advanced Swedish learners’ written interlanguage. In S. Granger , J. Hung , & S. Petch-Tyson (Eds.), Computer learner corpora, second language acquisition and foreign language teaching (pp.55–76). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/lllt.6.07aij
Aikhenvald, A.Y. , & Dixon, R.M.W
(2003) Studies in evidentiality. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/tsl.54
Aliakbari, M. , & Hayatzadeh, A
(2008) Variation of language strategies among Iranian English students: The effect of gender. International Journal of Pedagogies and Learning, 4(3), 72–87. doi: 10.5172/ijpl.4.3.72
Allison, D
(1995) Modifying meanings: Modality and argumentation in students’ written answers to a legal problem. Hong Kong Papers in Linguistics and Language Teaching, 18, 59–72.
Al-Sharafi, A.G
(2014) Modality in Arab EFL students’ academic writing: Implications for policy, practice, and research. In K.M. Damerow & R.M. Bailey (Eds.), Teaching and learning English in the Arabic-speaking world (pp.14–31). New York: Routledge.
Amanatullah, E. , & Morris, M.W
(2010) Negotiating gender roles: Gender differences in assertive negotiating are mediated by women’s fear of backlash and attenuated when negotiating on behalf of others. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98(2), 256–267. doi: 10.1037/a0017094
Arregui, A
(2011) Counterfactual-style revisions in the semantics of deontic modals. Journal of Semantics, 28(2), 171–210. doi: 10.1093/jos/ffq017
Baker, P
(2008) Sexed texts: Language, gender and sexuality. London: Equinox.
(2014) Using corpora to analyze gender. London: Bloomsbury.
Baron, B. , & Kotthoff, H
(2001) Gender in interaction. Perspectives on femininity and masculinity in ethnography and discourse. Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/pbns.93
Bartens, H
(1999) Dynamic modality in Mari. Linguistica Uralica, 35(1), 22–34.
Biber, D. , Johansson, S. , Leech, G. , Conrad, S. , & Finegan, E
(1999) Longman grammar of spoken and written English. London: Longman.
Bijari, J. , Mehrdad, A.G. , & Karimi, L
(2014) A corpus based study of the relationship among the Iranian EFL students’ gender, language proficiency, and cross-cultural knowledge of apologizing and requesting. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 4(9), 1954–1960. doi: 10.4304/tpls.4.9.1954‑1960
Boye, K
(2010) Semantic maps and the identification of cross-linguistic generic categories: Evidentiality and its relation to epistemic modality. Linguistic Discovery, 8(1), 4–22.
Boye, K. , & Harder, P
(2009) Evidentiality: Linguistic categories and grammaticalization. Functions of Language, 16(1), 9–43. doi: 10.1075/fol.16.1.03boy
Butler, J
(1990) Gender trouble: Feminism and the subversion of identity. New York: Routledge.
Bybee, J. , Perkins, R. , & Pagliuca, W
(1994) Mood and modality. InThe evolution of grammar: Tense, aspect, and modality in the languages of the world (pp.176–242). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Cameron, D
(1998) Gender, language, and discourse: A review essay. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 23(4), 945–973. doi: 10.1086/495297
(2007) Unanswered questions and unquestioned assumptions in the study of language and gender: Female verbal superiority. Gender and Language, 1(1), 15–25. doi: 10.1558/genl.2007.1.1.15
(2010) Sex/gender, language and the new biologism. Applied Linguistics, 31(2), 173–192. doi: 10.1093/applin/amp022
Cariani, F. , Kaufmann, M. , & Kaufmann, S
(2013) Deliberative modality under epistemic uncertainty. Linguistics and Philosophy, 36(3), 225–259. doi: 10.1007/s10988‑013‑9134‑4
Carli, L
(2002) Assertiveness. In J. Worrell (Ed.), Encyclopedia of women and gender: Sex similarities and differences and the impact of society on gender, Vol. 1 (pp.157–168). London: Academic Press.
Charlebois, J
(2011) Gender and the construction of hegemonic and oppositional femininities. Blue Ridge Summit, PA: Lexington.
Chen, H.I
(2010) Contrastive learner corpus analysis of epistemic modality and interlanguage pragmatic competence in L2 writing. Arizona Working Papers in SLA and Teaching, 17, 27–51.
Chen, Z
(2012) Expression of epistemic stance in EFL Chinese university students’ writing. English Language Teaching, 5(10), 173–179.
Chilton, P
(2011) Language structure and geometry. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Coates, J
(1983) The semantics of the modal auxiliaries. London: Croom Helm.
(1986) Women, men and language: A sociolinguistic account of gender differences in language. London: Longman.
Coates, J. , & Cameron, D
(Eds.) (1988) Women in their speech communities. London: Longman.
Collentine, J.G
(1995) The development of complex syntax and mood-selection abilities by intermediate-level learners of Spanish author(s). Hispania, 78(1), 122–135. doi: 10.2307/345232
(2010) The acquisition and teaching of the Spanish subjunctive: An update on current findings. Hispania, 93(1), 39–51.
Collins, P. , Salkie, B. , van der Auwera, R. , & Pierre, J
(2010) Modality in English: Theory and description. English Language and Linguistics, 14(3), 507–511. doi: 10.1017/S1360674310000171
Cornillie, B
(2009) Evidentiality and epistemic modality: On the close relationship between two different categories. Functions of Language, 16(1), 44–62. doi: 10.1075/fol.16.1.04cor
Crawford, M
(1995) Talking difference: On gender and language. London: Sage.
Crismore, A. , Markkanen, R. , & Seffensen, M.S
(1993) Metadiscourse in persuasive writing: A study of texts written by American and Finnish university students. Written Communication, 10(1), 39–71. doi: 10.1177/0741088393010001002
Croft, R. , Boddy, C. , & Pentucci, C
(2007) Say what you mean, mean what you say: An ethnographic approach to male and female conversations. International Journal of Market Research, 49(6), 715–734.
Davies, M
(2004) BYU-BNC: The British National Corpus. corpus.byu.edu/bnc/
Depraetere, I. , & Reed, S
(2011) Towards a more explicit taxonomy of root possibility. English Language and Linguistics, 15(1), 1–29. doi: 10.1017/S1360674310000262
Díaz-Negrillo, A
(2007) A fine-grained error tagger for learner corpora. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Jaén.
Easteal, P. , Bartels, L. , & Bradford, S
(2012) Language, gender and ‘reality’: Violence against women. International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice, 40(4), 324–337. doi: 10.1016/j.ijlcj.2012.05.001
Eggins, S
(2004) An introduction to systemic functional linguistics. London: Pinter.
Ellis, R. , & Barkhuizen, G
(2005) Analysing learner language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Elorza, I
(2007) A corpus-based study of the priming of but in comment articles in English. RetrievedJanuary 30, 2012, fromwww.birmingham.ac.uk/documents/college-artslaw/corpus/conference-archives/2007/54Abstract.pdf.
Facchinetti, R. , Krugg, M. , & Palmer, F.R
(Eds.) (2003) Modality in contemporary English. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110895339
Flores Salgado, E
(2011) The pragmatics of requests and apologies: Developmental patterns of Mexican students. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/pbns.212
Florian, V. , & Zernitsky-Shurka, E
(1987) The effect of culture and gender on self-reported assertive behavior. International Journal of Psychology, 22(1), 83–95. doi: 10.1080/00207598708246769
Fox, A.B. , Bukatko, D. , Hallahan, M. , & Crawford, M
(2007) The medium makes a difference. Gender similarities and differences in instant messaging. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 26(4), 389–397. doi: 10.1177/0261927X07306982
Gabrielatos, C
(2010) A corpus-based examination of English if-conditionals through the lens of modality: Nature and types. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Lancaster.
Gabrielatos, C. , & McEnery, T
(2005) Epistemic modality in MA dissertations. In P.A. Fuertes Olivera (Ed.), Lengua y sociedad: Investigaciones recientes en lingüística aplicada. Lingüística y filología, 61 (pp.311–331). Valladolid: University of Valladolid.
Gibbs, D.A
(1990) Second language acquisition of the English modal auxiliaries can, could, may, and might . Applied Linguistics, 11(3), 297–314. doi: 10.1093/applin/11.3.297
Gisborne, N
(2007) Dynamic modality. SKASE Journal of Theoretical Linguistics, 4(2), 44–61.
Gilquin, G. , & Paquot, M
(2008) Too chatty: Learner academic writing and register variation. English Text Construction, 1(1), 41–61. doi: 10.1075/etc.1.1.05gil
Goga-Vigaru, R
(2012) A corpus-based analysis of deontic and epistemic values of the modal shall in legal texts. Contemporary Readings in Law and Social Justice, 4(2), 752–763.
Granger, S. , Dagneaux, E. , & Meunier, F
(Eds.) (2002) International corpus of learner English. Louvain-la-Neuve: UCL Presses Universitaires.
Gudmestad, A
(2012) Acquiring a variable structure: An interlanguage analysis of second-language mood use in Spanish. Language Learning, 62, 373–402. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑9922.2012.00696.x
Halliday, M.A.K
(1985) An introduction to functional grammar. London: Edward Arnold.
Halliday, M.A.K. , & Matthiessen, C.M.I.M
(2013) An introduction to functional grammar (4th ed.). Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
Haan, F. de
(2001) The relation between modality and evidentiality. Linguistische Berichte, 9, 201–216.
Hansen, B. , & Haan, F. de
(Eds.) (2009) Modals in the languages of Europe. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110219210
Hart, D
(Ed.) (2003) English modality in context: Diachronic perspectives. Bern: Peter Lang.
Harwood, N
(2005) What do we want EAP teaching materials for?Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 4, 149–161. doi: 10.1016/j.jeap.2004.07.008
Hermerén, L
(1978) On modality in English: A study of the semantics of the modals. Lund: CWK Gleerup.
Holmes, J
(1995) Women, men and politeness. London/New York: Longman.
(2009) Discourse and politeness: Ambivalent face in Japanese. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 13(2), 279–282. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑9841.2009.00407_6.x
Holmes, J. , & Marra, M
(2011) Leadership discourse in a Maori workplace: Negotiating gender, ethnicity and leadership at work. Gender and Language, 5(2), 317–342. doi: 10.1558/genl.v5i2.317
Holmes, J. , Marsden, S. , & Marra, M
(2013) Doing listenership: One aspect of sociopragmatic competence at work. Pragmatics and Society, 4(1), 26–53. doi: 10.1075/ps.4.1.02hol
Holmes, J. , & Schnurr, S
(2006) ‘Doing femininity’ at work: More than just relational practice. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 10(1), 31–51. doi: 10.1111/j.1360‑6441.2006.00316.x
Hyland, K. , & Milton, J
(1997) Qualification and certainty in L1 and L2 students’ writing. Journal of Second Language Writing, 6(2), 183–205. doi: 10.1016/S1060‑3743(97)90033‑3
Huddleston, R.D. , & Pullum, G.K
(2002) The Cambridge grammar of the English language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hunston, S
(1989) Evaluation in experimental research articles. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Birmingham, RetrievedMarch 25, 2012, frometheses.bham.ac.uk/912/2/Hunston89PhD2.pdf.
Iatridou, S. , & Zeijlstra, H
(2013) Negation, polarity, and deontic modals. Linguistic Inquiry, 44(4), 529–568. doi: 10.1162/LING_a_00138
Jacobs, R.A
(1995) English syntax: A grammar for English language professionals. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Jespersen, O
(1922) Language: Its nature, development and origin. London: George Allen and Unwin.
Jiménez Catalán, R.M
(Ed.) (2010) Gender perspectives on vocabulary in foreign and second languages. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. doi: 10.1057/9780230274938
Jinyu, D
(2014) Study on gender differences in language under the sociolinguistics. Canadian Social Science, 10(3), 92–96.
Kader, M.I.B.A. , Begi, N. , & Vaseghi, R
(2013) A corpus-based study of Malaysian ESL learners’ use of modals in argumentative compositions. English Language Teaching, 6(9), 146–157.
Kärkkäinen, E
(1992) Modality as a strategy in interaction: Epistemic modality in the language of native and non-native speakers of English. Pragmatics and Language Learning, 3, 197–216.
Kiefer, F
(1994) Modality. In R.E. Asher (Ed.), The encyclopaedia of language and linguistics (pp.2515–2520). Oxford: Pergamon Press.
Kirkham, S
(2011) Personal style and epistemic stance in classroom discussion. Language and Literature, 20(3), 207–217. doi: 10.1177/0963947011413505
Kosur, H.M
(2010) Inpursuit of a description of modality: A comprehensive review of linguistic modality. RetrievedDecember 5, 2010, fromilstu.academia.edu/HeatherMarieKosur/Papers/320886/In_Pursuit_of_a_Description_of_Modality_A_Comprehensive_Review_of_Linguistic_Modality.
Lakoff, R
(1975) Language and woman’s place. New York: Harper and Row.
Lazar, M.M
(Ed.) (2005) Feminist critical discourse analysis: Gender, power and ideology in discourse. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan. doi: 10.1057/9780230599901
Lee, J.F
(1987) Morphological factors influencing pronominal reference assignment by learners of Spanish. In T. Morgan , J.F. Lee , & B. VanPatten (Eds.), Language and language use: Studies in Spanish (pp.221–232). Lanham, MD: University Press of America.
Litosseliti, L. , & Sunderland, J
(Eds.) (2002) Gender identity and discourse analysis. Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/dapsac.2
Lyons, J
(1977) Semantics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Maltz, D.N. , & Borker, R.A
(1982) A cultural approach to male‑female miscommunication. In J.J. Gumperz (Ed.), Language and social identity (pp.196‑216). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Marín Arrese, J.I
(Ed.) (2004) Perspectives on evidentiality and modality. Madrid: Editorial Complutense.
McConnell-Ginet, S
(2011) Gender, sexuality, and meaning: Linguistic practice and politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
McElhinny, B.S
(2008) Words, worlds, and material girls: Language, gender, globalization. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
McEnery, T. , & Kifle, N.A
(2002) Epistemic modality in argumentative essays of second-language writers. In J. Flowerdew (Ed.), Academic discourse (pp.182–195). Harlow: Longman.
Mills, S
(2012) Gender matters: Feminist linguistic analysis. London: Equinox.
Mondorf, B
(2011) Gender differences in English syntax. Munich: Walter de Gruyter.
Motschenbacker, H
(2010) Language, gender and sexual identity: Poststructuralist perspectives. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/impact.29
Mukundan, J. , Saadullah, K.A.B. , Ismail, R.B. , & Zasenawi, N.H.B.J
(2013) Malaysian ESL students’ syntactic accuracy in the usage of English modal verbs in argumentative writing. English Language Teaching, 6(12), 98–105. doi: 10.5539/elt.v6n12p98
Murphy, B
(2010) Corpus and sociolinguistics: Investigating age and gender in female talk. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/scl.38
(2011) Gender identities and discourse. In G. Andersen & K. Aijmer (Eds.), Pragmatics of society (pp.53–77). Berlin/Boston: Walter de Gruyter.
Nordström, J
(2010) Modality and subordinators. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/slcs.116
Nuyts, J
(2001) Epistemic modality, language, and conceptualization: A cognitive-pragmatic perspective. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/hcp.5
Oh, S.Y. , & Kang, S.Y
(2013) The effect of English proficiency on Korean undergraduates’ expression of epistemic modality in English argumentative writing. The Journal of Asia TEFL, 10(4), 97–132.
Palmer, F.R
(1986) Mood and modality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Patard, A. , & Brisard, F
(2011) Cognitive approaches to tense, aspect, and epistemic modality. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/hcp.29
Peck, J.J
(2006) Women and promotion: The influence of communication style. In M. Barrett & M. Davidson (Eds.), Gender and communication at work (pp.50–68). Aldershot, Hampshire: Ashgate.
Preisler, B
(1986) Linguistic sex roles in conversation: Social variation in the expression of tentativeness in English. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110862973
Rayson, P. , & Garside, R
(2000) Comparing corpora using frequency profiling. RetrievedJuly 15, 2012fromdl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1604686.
Recsky, L
(2006) Epistemic modality and spoken discourse: An English-Portuguese cross-linguistic investigation. Linguagem and Ensino, 9(1), 159–185.
Rett, J. , & Hyams, N
(2014) The acquisition of syntactically encoded evidentiality. Language Acquisition, 21(2), 173–198. doi: 10.1080/10489223.2014.884572
Rocci, A
(2009) Modalities as indicators in argumentative reconstruction. In F.H. van Eemeren & B. Garssen (Eds.), Pondering on problems of argumentation (pp.207–228). Dordrecht: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978‑1‑4020‑9165‑0_15
Rodríguez Louro, C. , & Harris, T
(2013) Evolution with an attitude: The grammaticalisation of epistemic/evidential verbs in Australian English. English Language and Linguistics, 17(3), 415–443. doi: 10.1017/S1360674313000105
Roth, S.S
(2014) Power, politics, and gender-related epistemic modality in interview discourse. RetrievedJune 30, 2014, fromhttps://gupea.ub.gu.se/bitstream/2077/37146/1/gupea_2077_37146_1.pdf.
Salazar, D. , & Verdaguer, I
(2009) Polysemous verbs and modality in native and non-native argumentative writing: A corpus-based study. International Journal of English Studies, Special Issue, 209–219.
Salkie, R. , Busuttil, P. , & van der Auwera, J
(Eds.) (2009) Modality in English: Theory and description. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110213331
Sánchez M.J. , & Alonso, P
(2010) Effect of an expert and contextual instruction of modals on learning. RESLA, 23, 267–280.
Saussure, L. de , Moeschler, J. , & Puskás, G
(Eds.) (2007) Recent advances in the syntax and semantics of tense, aspect and modality. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110198768
Scott, M
(1999) Wordsmith Tools 3.0. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Simon-Vandenbergen, A.M. , & Aijmer, K
(2007) The semantic field of modal certainty: A corpus-based study of English adverbs. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110198928
Snitz, B.E. , Unverzagt, F.W. , Chang, C.H. , Bilt, J.V. , Gao, S. , Saxton, J. , Hall, K.S. , & Ganguli, M
(2009) Effects of age, gender, education and race on two tests of language ability in community-based older adults. International Psychogeriatrics, 21(6), 1051–1062. doi: 10.1017/S1041610209990214
Soufleros, E
(2010) Theories of second/foreign language learning/acquisition. Patterns of modality in argumentative essays by L1 Greek and L1 Spanish advanced EFL learners. RetrievedMarch 14, 2012, fromionio.academia.edu/epamsouf/Papers/199117/Patterns_of_modality_in_argumentative_essays_by_L1_Greek_and_L1_Spanish_advanced_EFL_learners.
Talmy, L
(2000) Force dynamics in language and cognition. InToward a cognitive semantics, Vol. 1 (pp.409–470). Boston, MA: The MIT Press.
Tannen, D
(1990) You just don’t understand. New York: Harper Collins.
(1996) Gender in research on language: Researching gender-related patterns in classroom discourse. TESOL Quarterly, 30(2), 341–344. doi: 10.2307/3588149
Thompson, G
(2004) Introducing functional grammar (3rd ed.). London: Arnold.
Thompson, P
(2002) Modal verbs in academic writing. In B. Kettemann & G. Marko (Eds.), Teaching and learning by doing corpus analysis (pp.305–325). Amsterdam: Rodopi.
Toulmin, S.E
[1958] (2003) The uses of argument. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Traugott, E.C
(2011) Modality from a historical perspective. Language and Linguistics Compass, 5(6), 381–396. doi: 10.1111/j.1749‑818X.2011.00280.x
van der Auwera, J. , & Salkie, R
(2009) Modality in English: Theory and description. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110213331
van Linden, A
(2012) Modal adjectives: English deontic and evaluative constructions in synchrony and diachrony. Berlin/Boston: Walter de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110252941
Vitanova, G
(2010) Authoring the dialogic self: Gender, agency and language practices. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/ds.8
Vold, E.T
(2006) Epistemic modality markers in research articles: A cross-linguistic and cross-disciplinary study. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 16(1), 61–87. doi: 10.1111/j.1473‑4192.2006.00106.x
Weatherall, A
(2002) Gender, language and discourse. New York: Routledge.
West, C. , & Zimmerman, D.H
(1983) Small insults: A study of interruptions in conversations between unacquainted persons. In B. Thorne , C. Kramarae , & N. Henley (Eds.), Language, gender and society (pp.102–117). Rowley, MA: Newbury House.
Willett, T
(1988) A cross-linguistic survey of the grammaticization of evidentiality. Studies in Language, 12(1), 51–97. doi: 10.1075/sl.12.1.04wil
Whitt, R.J
(2009) Auditory evidentiality in English and German: The case of perception verbs. Lingua, 119(7), 1083–1095. doi: 10.1016/j.lingua.2008.11.001
Williams, C. , & Dellinger, K
(2010) Gender and sexuality in the workplace. Bradford: Emerald. doi: 10.1108/S0277‑2833(2010)20
Wright, G.H. von
(1951) An essay in modal logic. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Company.
Yong, F.L
(2010) A study on the assertiveness and academic procrastination of English and communication students at a private university. American Journal of Scientific Research, 9, 62–72.
Zamorano-Mansilla, J.R. , & Carretero, M
(2010) An annotation scheme for dynamic modality in English and Spanish. Linguistics and the Human Sciences, 6(1-3), 297–320.
Zhao, T. , & Intaraprasert, C
(2013) Use of communication strategies by tourism-oriented EFL learners in relation to gender and perceived language ability. English Language Teaching, 6(7), 46–59.
http://jbenjamins.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/resla.29.1.01bar
Loading
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address