How literary can literariness be?

MyBook is a cheap paperback edition of the original book and will be sold at uniform, low price.

Buy this article

Price: £15.00+Taxes
Add to favourites

Methodological problems in the study of foregrounding

The full text of this article is not currently available.

Data & Media loading...


Full text loading...


Ablali, D
(2006) Écrire en critique: Exploration morpho-syntaxique sur corpus. In C. Duteil & B. Foulquié (Eds.), Corpus en Lettres et Sciences sociales: des documents numériques à l’interprétation. Actes du colloque international d’Albi, juillet 2006 (pp.207–214). Paris, France: Editeru Textot. Retrieved
Altmann, G
(2013) Aspects of word length. In R. Köhler & G. Altmann (Eds.), Issues in quantitativel linguistics, 3, 23–38. Lüdenscheid, Deutschland: RAM.
Altmann, U. , Bohrn, I.C. , Lubrich, O. , Menninghaus, W. , & Jacobs, A.M
(2012) Fact vs fiction—how paratextual information shapes our reading processes. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 9(1), 22–29. doi: 10.1093/scan/nss098
Bakhtin, M
(1984) Problems of Dostoesvsky’s poetics. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Bortolussi, M. , & Dixon, P
(2003) Psychonarratology. Foundations for the empirical study of literary response. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
Dimigen, O. , Sommer, W. , Hohlfeld, A. , Jacobs, A.M. , & Kliegl, R
(2011) Co-registration of eye movements and EEG in natural reading: Analyses and review. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 140(4), 552–572. doi: 10.1037/a0023885
Eagleton, T
(1983) Literary theory: An introduction. London, United Kingdom: Routledge.
Eco, U
(1979) Lector in fabula. Milano, Italia: Bompiani.
Fish, S
(1980) Is there a text in this class. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
Forgacs, B. , Bohrn, I.C. , Baudewig, J. , Hofmann, M.J. , Pleh, C. , & Jacobs, A.M
(2012) Neural correlates of combinatorial semantic processing of literal and figurative noun-noun compound words. Neuroimage, 63(3), 1432–1442. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.07.029
Grzybek, P
(2014) Word Length. In: Taylor, John R . (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Word. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 1–25. doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199641604.013.37
Grzybek, P. , & Altmann, G
(2002) Oscillation in the frequency-length relationship. Glottometrics, 6, 97–107.
Grzybek, P. , & Stadlober, E
(2007) Do we have problems with Arens’ law? A new look at the sentence-word relation. In P. Grzybek & R. Köhler (Eds.), Exact methods in the study of language and text. Dedicated to Gabriel Altmann on the occasion of his 75th birthday (pp.205–217). Berlin, Deutschland: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110894219.205
Grzybek, P. , Stadlober, E. , & Kelih, E
(2007) The relationship of word length and sentence length. The Inter-Textual Perspective. In R. Decker & H.-J. Lenz (Eds.), Advances in data analysis (pp.611–618). Berlin, Deutschland: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978‑3‑540‑70981‑7_70
Hanauer, D
(1998) The genre-specific hypothesis of reading: Reading poetry and reading encyclopedic items. Poetics, 26(2), 63–80. doi: 10.1016/S0304‑422X(98)00011‑4
(1996) Integration of phonetic and graphic features in poetic text categorization judgments. Poetics, 23, 363–380. doi: 10.1016/0304‑422X(95)00010‑H
Hoffstaedter, P
(1986) Poetizität aus der Sicht des Lesers. Eine empirische Untersuchung der Rolle von Text-, Leser- und Kontexteigenschaften bei der poetischen Verarbeitung von Texten. Hamburg, Deutschland: H. Buske.
Hofmann, M.J. , & Jacobs, A.M
(2014) Interactive activation and competition models and semantic context: From behavioral to brain data. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 46(1), 85–104. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2014.06.011
Hutzler, F. , Braun, M. , Vo, M.L.H. , Engl, V. , Hofmann, M. , Dambacher, M ., et al.
(2007) Welcome to the real world: Validating fixation-related brain potentials for ecologically valid settings. Brain Research, 1172, 124–129. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2007.07.025
Iser, W
(1976) The act of reading. London, United Kingdom: Routledge.
Jacobs, A.M
(2011) Neurokognitive Poetik: Elemente eines Modells des literarischen Lesens (Neurocognitive poetics: Elements of a model of literary reading). In R. Schrott , & A.M. Jacobs (Eds.), Gehirn und Gedicht: Wie wir unsere Wirklichkeiten konstruieren (pp.492–450). München, Deutschland: Hanser.
(2013) Neurocognitive model of literary reading. Retrieved from
Jakobson R
(1987) Language in literature ( K. Pomorska & S. Rudy , Eds.). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Jauss H.R
(1967) Literaturgeschichte als Provokation der Literaturwissenschaft. Konstanz, Deutschland: Universität Konstanz.
Just, M.A. , Carpenter, P.A. , & Wooley, J.D
(1982) Paradigms and processes in reading comprehension. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 111(2), 228–238. doi: 10.1037/0096‑3445.111.2.228
Kao J. , Ryan R. , Dye M. , & Ramscar M
(2010) An acquired taste: How reading literature affects sensitivity to word distributions when judging literary texts. Proceedings of the 32nd Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society , Portland, OR. Retrieved
Karlgren, J. , & Cutting, D
(1994) Recognizing text genres with simple metrics using discriminant analysis proceeding COLING ‘94. Proceedings of the 15th conference on Computational linguistics , 2, 1071–1075. doi: 10.3115/991250.991324
Kneepkens, L.J. , & Zwaan, R.A
(1994) Emotion and cognition in literary understanding. Poetics, 23, 125–138. doi: 10.1016/0304‑422X(94)00021‑W
Kuiken, D. Philipps, L. , Gregus, M. , Miall, D.S. , Verbitsky, M. , & Tonkonogy, A
(2004) Locating self-modyfying feelings within literary reading. Discourse processes, 38, 267–286. doi: 10.1207/s15326950dp3802_6
Leech, G. , & Short, M
(2007) Style in fiction. A linguistic introduction to English fictional prose. Edinburgh, United Kingdom: Pearson Education.
Levin, S.R
(1963) Deviation–statistical and determinate–in poetic language. Lingua12, 276–290. doi: 10.1016/0024‑3841(63)90038‑X
Lüdtke, J. , Meyer-Sickendieck, B. , & Jacobs, A.M
(2014), Immersing in the stillness of an early morning: Testing the mood empathy hypothesis of poetry reception. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 8(3), 363–377. doi: 10.1037/a0036826
McQuarrie, E.F. , & Mick, D.G
(1996) Figures of rhetoric in advertising language. Journal of Consumer Research, 19, 424–437. doi: 10.1086/209459
Meutsch, D
(1987) Literatur verstehen. Eine empiristische Studie. Wiesbaden, Deutschland: Vieweg & Teubner. doi: 10.1007/978‑3‑663‑14047‑4
Miall, D. , & Kuiken, D
(1994), Foregrounding, defamiliarization and affect, Response to literary stories. Poetics, 22, 389–407. doi: 10.1016/0304‑422X(94)00011‑5
(1998) The form of reading: Empirical studies of literariness. Poetics, 25, 327–341. doi: 10.1016/S0304‑422X(98)90003‑1
(1999) What is literariness? Three components of literary reading. Discourse Processes, 28, 121–138. doi: 10.1080/01638539909545076
Mukarovský, J
(1932/1964) Standard language and poetic language. In P.L. Garvin (Ed.), A Prague School Reader on aesthetics, literary structure, and style. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
Sanford, A. , & Emmott, C
(2012) Mind, brain and narrative. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781139084321
Sanford, A.J , Dawydiak, E. , & Emmott
(2006) External and internal sources of attention control: Findings from change detection. Poster presented at the meeting of the Society for Text and Discourse . Minneapolis, MN, USA.
Schmidt, S
(1980) Grundriß der empirischen Literaturwissenschaft. Wiesbaden, Deutschland: Vieweg & Teubner.
Sereno, S.C. , Rayner, K. , & Posner, M
(1998) Establishing a time-line of word recognition: Evidence from eye movements and event-related potentials. NeuroReport, 9, 2195–2200. doi: 10.1097/00001756‑199807130‑00009
Shklovsky, V
(1917/1965) Art as technique. In L.T. Lemon & M.J. Reis (Eds.), Russian formalist criticism: Four essays (pp.3–24). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Sopčák, P
(2007) Creating from nothing. A foregrounding study of James Joyce’s drafts for Ulysses. Language and Literature, 16, 183–196. doi: 10.1177/0963947007075984
Stockwell, P
(2002) Cognitive poetics. An introduction. London, United Kingdom: Routledge.
Van Dijk, T
(1979) Advice on theoretical poetics. Poetics, 8, 569–608. doi: 10.1016/0304‑422X(79)90034‑2
van Peer, W. , Hakemulder, J , & Zygnier, S
(2007) Lines on feeling: Foregrounding, aesthetics and meaning. Language and Literature, 16(2), 197–213. doi: 10.1177/0963947007075985
van Peer, W. , & Hakemulder, J.F
(2006) Foregrounding. In K. Brown (Ed.), Encyclopedia of language and linguistics. Oxford, United Kingdom: Elsevier.
van Peer, W
(1986) Stylistics and psychology: Investigations of foregrounding. London, United Kingdom: Croom Helm.
Vespignani, F. , Egidi, G. , & Salgaro, M
(2013)  Literary attitude affects lexical access, Escop (Eighteenth Meeting of the European Society for Cognitive Psychology) , Budapest 29 August – 1 September.
Xiao, Z. , & McEnery, A
(2005) Two approaches to genre analysis: Three genres in modern American English. Journal of English Linguistics, 33(1), 62–82. doi: 10.1177/0075424204273957
Winko, S. , Jannidis, F. , & Lauer, G
(2009) Grenzen der Literatur. Zu Begriff und Phänomen des Literarischen. Berlin, Deutschland: de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110210835
Yong, B.L. , & Myaeng, S.H
(2002) Text genre classification with genre-revealing and subject-revealing features. In Proceedings of the 25th annual international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in information retrieval , 145–150.
Zwaan, R
(1991) Some parameters of literary and news comprehension: Effects of discourse-type perspective on reading rate and surface structure representation. Poetics, 20, 139–156. doi: 10.1016/0304‑422X(91)90003‑8
(1994) Effects of Genre Expectations on Text Comprehension. Learning Memory and Cognition, 20(4), 920–933. doi: 10.1037/0278‑7393.20.4.920
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address