Empathy at the confluence of neuroscience and empirical literary studies

MyBook is a cheap paperback edition of the original book and will be sold at uniform, low price.

Buy this article

Price: £15.00+Taxes
Add to favourites

The full text of this article is not currently available.

Data & Media loading...


Full text loading...


Bal, P. M. , & Veltkamp, M.
(2013) How does fiction reading influence empathy? An experimental investigation on the role of emotional transportation. PLoS ONE, 8(1), e55341. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0055341
Batson, D.
(2009) These things called empathy: Eight related but distinct phenomena. In J. Decety & W. Ickes (Eds.), Social neuroscience of empathy (pp.3–16). Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. doi: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262012973.003.0002
Baron-Cohen, S. , Wheelwright, S. , Hill, J. , Raste, Y. , and Plumb, I.
(2001) The ‘reading the mind in the eyes’ test revised version: A study with normal adults, and adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism. J Child Psychol Psychiatry, 42(2), 241–251. pmid:11280420. doi: 10.1111/1469‑7610.00715
Barsalou, L. W.
(2008) Grounded cognition. Annual Review of Psychology, 59, 617–645. doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.59.103006.093639
Battistelli, P. & Farneti, A.
(2015) When the theory of mind would be very useful. Front. Psychol. 6:1449. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01449
Benedetto, S. , Carbone, A. , Drai-Zerbib, V. , Pedrotti, M. & Baccino, T.
(2014) Effects of luminance and illuminance on visual fatigue and arousal during digital reading. Computers in Human Behavior, 41, 112–119. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2014.09.023
Benedetto, S. , Drai-Zerbib, V. , Pedrotti, M. , Tissier, G. & Baccino, T.
(2013) E-readers and visual fatigue. PloS one, 8(12):e83676. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0083676
Bernaerts, L. , Caracciolo, M. , Herman, L. , & Vervaeck, B.
(2014) The storied lives of non-human narrators. Narrative, 22(1), 68–93. doi:
Bernhardt, B. C. , & Singer, T.
(2012) The neural basis of empathy. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 35, 1–23. doi: 10.1146/annurev‑neuro‑062111‑150536
Boven, L. van & Loewenstein, G.
(2003) Social projection of transient drive states. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29(9): 1159–1168. doi: 10.1177/0146167203254597
Brown, M.
(2015) Kindle vs. Fire: How to choose the right Amazon e-reader. Retrieved
Brück, C. , Kreifelts, B. , Gößling-Arnold, C. , Wertheimer, J. & Wildgruber, D.
(2014) Inner voices: The cerebral representation of emotional voice cues described in literary texts. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 9, 1819–1827. doi: 10.1093/scan/nst180
Bruin de, L. , Strijbos, D. & Slors, M.
(2014) Situating emotions: From embodied cognition to mindreading. Topoi, 33(1), 173–184. doi: 10.1007/s11245‑013‑9200‑0
Bugnyar, T. , Reber, S.A. , & Buckner, C.
(2016) Ravens attribute visual access to unseen competitors. Nature Communications7. doi: 10.1038/ncomms10506
Burke, M.
(2011) Literary reading, cognition and emotion: An exploration of the oceanic mind. New York & London: Routledge.
(2013) The rhetorical neuroscience of style: On the primacy of style elements during literary discourse processing. Journal of Literary Semantics, 42(2), 199–216. doi: 10.1515/jls‑2013‑0010
(2015) The neuroaesthetics of prose fiction: Pitfalls, parameters and prospects. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9(442). doi:
(2016) The oceanic literary reading mind: An impression. In S. Groes (Ed.), Memory in the twenty-first century: New critical perspectives from the arts, humanities, and sciences (pp.119–124). Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, doi: 10.1057/9781137520586_15
Burke, M. & Bon E.
(forthcoming). The location and means of literary reading. In S. Csábi Ed. Expressive minds and artistic creations: Studies in cognitive poetics (pp.) Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.
Call, J. , & Tomasello, M.
(2008) Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind? 30 years later. Trends in cognitive sciences, 12(5), 187–192. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2008.02.010
Caracciolo, M.
(2014a) Beyond other minds: Fictional characters, mental simulation, and ‘unnatural’ experiences. Journal of Narrative Theory, 44(1), 29–53. doi:
(2014b) The experientiality of narrative: An enactivist approach. Berlin: De Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110365658
Catmur, C. , Walsh, V. , & Heyes, C. M.
(2007) Sensorimotor learning configures the human mirror system. Current Biology, 17, 1527–1531. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2007.08.006
Chapelle Wojciehowski, H. , & Gallese, V.
(2011) How stories make us feel: Toward an embodied narratology. California Italian Studies, 2(1). Retrieved
Chartrand, T. L. & Bargh, J. A.
(1999) The chameleon effect: The perception-behaviour link and social interaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76(6): 893–910. doi: 10.1037/0022‑3514.76.6.893
Chase, J & Reynolds J.
(2014) Analytic versus continental: Arguments on the methods and value of philosophy. London: Routledge.
Cheng, Y. , Lin, C. P. , Liu, H. L. , Hsu, Y. Y. , Lim, K. E. , Hung, D. , & Decety, J.
(2007) Expertise modulates the perception of pain in others. Current Biology, 17(19), 1708–1713. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2007.09.020
Chow, H. M. , Mar, R. A. , Xu, Y. , Liu, S. , Wagage, S. , & Braun, A. R.
(2015) Personal experience with narrated events modulates functional connectivity within visual and motor systems during story comprehension. Human Brain Mapping, 36(4), 1494–1505. doi: 10.1002/hbm.22718
Coplan, A.
(2011) Understanding empathy: Its features and effects. In A. Coplan & P. Goldie (Eds.) Empathy: Philosophical and psychological perspectives, (pp.3–18). Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539956.003.0002
Coplan, A. , and Goldie, P.
(2011) Introduction. In A. Copland & P. Goldie (Eds.), Empathy: Philosophical and psychological perspectives, (pp.ix–xlvii). Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539956.001.0001
Cuff, B. M. P. , Brown, S. , J. Taylor, L. & Howat, D. J.
(2016).Empathy: A review of the concept. Emotion Review, 8(2), 144–153. doi: 10.1177/1754073914558466
Cupchik, G. C. , Oatley, K. , & Vorderer, P.
(1998) Emotional effects of reading excerpts from short stories by James Joyce. Poetics, 25(6), 363–377. doi: 10.1016/S0304‑422X(98)90007‑9
Currie, G.
(2010) Narratives and narrators: A philosophy of stories. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282609.001.0001
(2011) Empathy for objects. In A. Coplan & P. Goldie (Eds.), Empathy: Philosophical and psychological perspectives (pp.82–95). Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539956.003.0007
Curtis, V. , Aunger, R. , & Rabie, T.
(2004) Evidence that disgust evolved to protect from risk of disease. Proceedings of the Royal Society London B. (suppl.), 271, S131–S133. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2003.0144
Davis, M.
(1983) Measuring individual differences in empathy: Evidence for a multidimensional approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, 113–126. doi: 10.1037/0022‑3514.44.1.113
Decety, J. , & Jackson, P. L.
(2004) The functional architecture of human empathy. Behavioral and Cognitive Neuroscience Reviews, 3(2), 71–100. doi: 10.1177/1534582304267187
Diamond, A.
(2013) Executive functions. The Annual Review of Psychology, 64, 135–168. doi: 10.1146/annurev‑psych‑113011‑143750
Diamond, A. , & Lee, K.
(2011) Interventions shown to aid executive function development in children 4 to 12 years old. Science, 333(6045), 959–964. doi: 10.1126/science.1204529
Djikic, M. , Oatley, K. , & Moldoveanu, M. C.
(2013) Reading other minds: Effects of literature on empathy. Scientific Study of Literature, 3(1), 28–47. doi: 10.1075/ssol.3.1.06dji
Engen, H. G. , & Singer, T.
(2013) Empathy circuits. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 23(2), 275–282. doi: 10.1016/j.conb.2012.11.003
Esrock, E. J.
(2004) Embodying literature. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 11(5–6), 79–89.
Frith, C. D. , & Frith, U.
(2006) The neural basis of mentalizing. Neuron, 50(4), 531–534. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2006.05.001
Gallagher, H. L. , & Frith, C. D.
(2003) Functional imaging of ‘theory of mind’. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 7(2), 77–83. doi: 10.1016/S1364‑6613(02)00025‑6
Gerlach, J. , & Buxmann, P.
(2011) Investigating the acceptance of electronic books: The impact of haptic dissonance on innovation adoption. Proceedings fromECIS (European Conference on Information Systems), Helsinki, FI.
Hardy-Vallée, B. & Payette, N.
(2009) Beyond the brain: Embodied, situated and distributed cognition: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
Harris, P. L. , de Rosnay, M. , & Pons, F.
(2005) Language and children’s understanding of mental states. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 14(2), 69–73. doi: 10.1111/j.0963‑7214.2005.00337.x
Hein, G. , & Singer, T.
(2008) I feel how you feel but not always: The empathic brain and its modulation. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 18(2), 153–158. doi: 10.1016/j.conb.2008.07.012
Herbert, B. M. , & Pollatos, O.
(2012) The body in the mind: On the relationship between interoception and embodiment. Topics in Cognitive Science, 4(4), 692–704. doi: 10.1111/j.1756‑8765.2012.01189.x
Heyes, C.
(2010) Mesmerising mirror neurons. NeuroImage, 51, 789–791. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.02.034
Hollan, D.
(2012) Emerging issues in the cross-cultural study of empathy. Emotion Review, 4(1),70–78. doi: 10.1177/1754073911421376
Ickes, W.
(2003) Everyday mind reading: Understanding what other people think and feel. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books.
Immordino-Yang, M. H. , Christodoulou, J. A. , & Singh, V.
(2012) Rest is not idleness implications of the brain’s default mode for human development and education. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 7(4), 352–364. doi: 10.1177/1745691612447308
Immordino-Yang, M. H. , McColl, A. , Damasio, H. , & Damasio, A.
(2009) Neural correlates of admiration and compassion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(19), 8021–8026. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0810363106
John, O. P. , Donahue, E. M. , & Kentle, R.
(1991) The big five inventory. Technical report, University of California, Berkley.
Johnson, D. R.
(2013) Transportation into literary fiction reduces prejudice against and increases empathy for Arab-Muslims. Scientific Study of Literature, 3(1), 77–92. doi: 10.1075/ssol.3.1.08joh
Jajdelska, E. , Butler, C. , Kelly, S. , McNeill, A. , & Overy, K.
(2010) Crying, moving, and keeping it whole: What makes literary description vivid?Poetics Today, 31(3), 433–463. doi: 10.1215/03335372‑2010‑002
Kang, Y.-Y. , Wang, M.-J. & Lin, R.
(2009) Usability evaluation of e-books. Displays, 30(2):49–52. doi: 10.1016/j.displa.2008.12.002
Keen, S.
(2006) A theory of narrative empathy. Narrative, 14(3), 207–236. doi: 10.1353/nar.2006.0015
(2007) Empathy and the novel. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175769.001.0001
Keysers, C. , & Gazzola, V.
(2007) Integrating simulation and theory of mind: From self to social cognition. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 11(5), 194–196. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2007.02.002
Keysers, C. , Kaas, J. H. , & Gazzola, V.
(2010) Somatosensation in social perception. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 11(6), 417–428. doi: 10.1038/nrn2833
Keysers, C. , Meffert, H. , & Gazzola, V.
(2014) Reply: Spontaneous versus deliberate vicarious representations: different routes to empathy in psychopathy and autism. Brain, 137, 1–4. doi: 10.1093/brain/awt376
Kidd, D. C. , & Castano, E.
(2013) Reading literary fiction improves theory of mind. Science18, 342, 6156, 377–380. doi: 10.1126/science.1239918
Kimmel, M.
(2011) From text-linguistics to literary actants – The force dynamics of (emotional) vampirism. Language and Cognition, 3(2), 235–282. doi:
Kiverstein, J. & Clark, A.
(2009) Introduction: Mind embodied, embedded, enacted: One church or many?Topoi, 28(1),1–7. doi: 10.1007/s11245‑008‑9041‑4
Kretzschmar, F. , Pleimling, D. , Hosemann, J. , Füssel, S. , Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, I. & Schlesewsky, M.
(2013) Subjective impressions do not mirror online reading effort: Concurrent EEG-eyetracking evidence from the reading of books and digital media. PloS one, 8(2):e56178. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0056178
Kögler, H. H. & Stueber, K. R.
(2000) Introduction: Empathy, simulation, and interpretation in the philosophy of social science. In H. H. Kögler & K. R. Stueber (Eds.), Empathy and agency: The problem of understanding in the human sciences (pp.1–61). Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.
Koopman, E.
(2015) Empathic reactions after reading: The role of genre, personal factors and affective responses. Poetics, 50, 62–79. doi: 10.1016/j.poetic.2015.02.008
Kross, E. & Ayduk, O.
(2009) Boundary conditions and buffering effects: Does depressive symptomatology moderate the effectiveness of distanced-analysis on facilitating adaptive self-reflection?Journal of Research in Personality, 43, 923–927. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2009.04.004
Kross, E. , Ayduk, O. , & Mischel, W.
(2005) When asking ‘why’ does not hurt. Distinguishing rumination from reflective processing of negative emotions. Psychological Science, 16(9), 709–715. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑9280.2005.01600.x
Kross, E. , Duckworth, A. , Ayduk, O. , Tsukayama, E. , & Mischel, W.
(2011) The effect of self-distancing on adaptive versus maladaptive self-reflection in children. Emotion, 11(5), 1032–1039. doi: 10.1037/a0021787
Kuzmičová, A.
(2012) Presence in the reading of literary narrative: A case for motor enactment. Semiotica, 189 (1/4), 23–48. doi:
(2014) Literary narrative and mental imagery: A view from embodied cognition. Style, 48(3), 275–293.
LeDoux, J. E.
(1998) The emotional brain. New York: Phoenix.
Luhrmann, T.
(2011) Toward an anthropological theory of mind. Suomen Antropologi: Journal of the Finnish Anthropological Society, 36(4), 5–69.
Mangen, A. , & Kuiken, D.
(2014) Lost in an iPad: Narrative engagement on paper and tablet. Scientific Study of Literature, 4(2), 150–177. doi: 10.1075/ssol.4.2.02man
Mar, R. A. , Oatley, K. , Hirsh, J. , dela Paz, J , & Peterson, J. B.
(2006) Bookworms versus nerds: Exposure to fiction versus non-fiction, divergent associations with social ability, and the simulation of fictional social worldsJournal of Research in Personality, 40, 694–712. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2005.08.002
Mar, R. A. , Oatley, K. , & Peterson, J. B.
(2009) Exploring the link between reading fiction and empathy: Ruling out individual differences and examining outcomes. Communications, 34, 407–428 doi: 10.1515/COMM.2009.025
Mattar, A. A. , & Gribble, P. L.
(2005) Motor learning by observing. Neuron, 46(1), 153–160. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2005.02.009
Mellmann, K.
(2010) Objects of ‘empathy’: Characters (and other such things) as psycho-poetic effects. In J. Eder , F. Jannidis , & R. Schneider (Eds.) Characters in fictional worlds: Understanding imaginary beings in literature, film, and other media (pp.416–441). New York: De Gruyter.
Miall, D. S.
(2011) Enacting the other: Towards an aesthetics of feeling in literary reading. In P. Goldie & E. Schellekens (Eds.), The aesthetic mind: Philosophy and psychology (pp.285–298). Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691517.003.0017
Miall, D. S. , & Kuiken, D.
(1999) What is literariness? Three components of literary reading. Discourse Processes, 28(2), 121–138. doi:
Mitchell, J. P. , Macrae, C. N. , & Banaji, M. R.
(2006) Dissociable medial prefrontal contributions to judgments of similar and dissimilar others. Neuron, 50(4), 655–663. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2006.03.040
Nijhof A. D. & Willems, R. M.
(2015) Simulating fiction: Individual differences in literature comprehension revealed with fMRI. PLoS ONE10(2): e0116492. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0116492
Nussbaum, M.
(2010) Not for profit: Why democracy needs the humanities. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
O'Regan, J. K. & Noë, A.
(2001) A sensorimotor account of vision and visual consciousness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 24(5), 939–973. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X01000115
Ochsner, K. N. , Ray, R. R. , Hughes, B. , McRae, K. , Cooper, J. C. , Weber, J. , & Gross, J. J.
(2009) Bottom-up and top-down processes in emotion generation common and distinct neural mechanisms. Psychological science, 20(11), 1322–1331. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑9280.2009.02459.x
Papies, E. K. , Barsalou, L. W. , & Custers, R.
(2012) Mindful attention prevents mindless impulses. Social Psychological and Personality Science. 3(3) 291–299. doi: 10.1177/1948550611419031
Pavarini, G. , de Hollanda Souza, D. , & Hawk, C. K.
(2012) Parental practices and theory of mind development. Journal of Child Family Studies. doi: 10.1007/s10826‑012‑9643‑8
Petkov, C. I & Belin, P.
(2013) Silent reading: Does the brain ‘hear’ both speech and voices?Current Biology, 23(4), R155–R156. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2013.01.002
Poulet, G.
(1969) Phenomenology of reading. New Literary History, 1(1), 53–68. doi:
Rizzolatti, G. , & Craighero, L.
(2004) The mirror-neuron system. Annu. Rev. Neurosci., 27, 169–192. doi: 10.1146/annurev.neuro.27.070203.144230
Rowlands, M.
(2010) The new science of the mind: From extended mind to embodied phenomenology: Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. doi: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262014557.001.0001
Saxbe, D. E. , Yang, X. F. , Borofsky, L. A. , & Immordino-Yang, M. H.
(2013) The embodiment of emotion: Language use during the feeling of social emotions predicts cortical somatosensory activity. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience, 8(7), 806–812. doi: 10.1093/scan/nss075
Scarry, E.
(2001) Dreaming by the book. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Schilhab, T.
(2015a) Re-live and learn e Interlocutor-induced elicitation of phenomenal experiences in learning offline. Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology. doi:
(2015b) Doubletalk – the biological and social acquisition of language. Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures. doi: 10.1016/j.bica.2015.06.002
Schilhab, T. S.
(2015c) Words as cultivators of others minds. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1690. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01690
Schooler, J. W. , Smallwood, J. , Christoff, K. , Handy, T. C. , Reichle, E. D. , & Sayette, M. A.
(2011) Meta-awareness, perceptual decoupling and the wandering mind. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 15(7), 319–326.
Shahaeian, A. , Peterson, C. C. , Slaughter, V. , & Wellman, H. M.
(2011) Culture and the sequence of steps in theory of mind development. Developmental Psychology, 47(5), 1239–1247. doi: 10.1037/a0023899
Shamay-Tsoory, S. G. & Aharon-Peretz, J.
(2007) Dissociable prefrontal networks for cognitive and affective theory of mind: A lesion study. Neuropsychologia, 45, 3054–3067. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2007.05.021
Shamay-Tsoory, S. G.
(2011) The neural bases for empathy. The Neuroscientist, 17(1), 18–24. doi: 10.1177/1073858410379268
Shapiro, S. L. , Carlson, L. E. , Astin, J. A. , & Freedman, B.
(2006) Mechanisms of mindfulness. Journal of Clinical Psychology. doi: 10.1002/jelp,20237
Siegenthaler, E. , Schmid, L. , Wyss, M. , & Wurtz, P.
(2012) LCD vs. e-ink: An analysis of the reading behaviour. Journal of Eye Movement Research, 5(5), 1–7.
Siegenthaler, E. , Wurtz, P. , Bergamin, P. , & Groner, R.
(2011) Comparing reading processes on e-ink displays and print. Displays, 32(5), 268–273. doi: 10.1016/j.displa.2011.05.005
Sikora, S. , Kuiken, D. , & Miall, D. S.
(2010) An uncommon resonance: the influence of loss on expressive reading. Empirical Studies of the Arts, 28(2), 135–153. doi: 10.2190/EM.28.2.b
Singer, T.
(2006) The neuronal basis and ontogeny of empathy and mind reading: Review of literature and implications for future research. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 30, 855–863. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2006.06.011
Singer, T. , & Lamm, C.
(2009) The social neuroscience of empathy. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1156(1), 81–96. doi: 10.1111/j.1749‑6632.2009.04418.x
Singer, T. , Seymour, B. , O’Doherty, J. , Kaube, H. , Dolan, R. J. , & Frith, C. D.
(2004) Empathy for pain involves the affective but not sensory components of pain. Science, 303(5661), 1157–1162. doi: 10.1126/science.1093535
Slaughter, V. , Peterson, C. C. , & Mackintosh, E.
(2007) Mind what mother says: Narrative input and the theory of mind in typical children and those on the autism spectrum. Child Development, 78(3), 839–858. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑8624.2007.01036.x
Stueber, K.
(2014) Empathy. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.) The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Stueber, K. R.
(2012) Varieties of empathy, Neuroscience and the narrativist challenge to the contemporary theory of mind debate. Emotion Review4(1), 55–63. doi: 10.1177/1754073911421380
Waal de, F. B.
(2008) Putting the altruism back into altruism: the evolution of empathy. Annu. Rev. Psychol., 59, 279–300. doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.59.103006.093625
Waal, de F. B.
(2009) The Age of empathy: Nature’s lessons for a kinder society. New York: Harmony Books.
Waal de, F. B. , & Ferrari, P. F.
(2010) Towards a bottom-up perspective on animal and human cognition. Trends in cognitive sciences, 14(5), 201–207. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2010.03.003
Wachowicz, B. , Lewandowska, K. , Popek, A. , Karwowski, W. and Marek, T.
(2016), Empathy and modern technology: A neuroergonomics perspective. Hum. Factors Man., 26: 266–284. doi: 10.1002/hfm.20627
Wallentin, M. , Simonsen, A. , & Nielsen, A. H.
(2013) Action speaks louder than words: Empathy mainly modulates emotions from theory of mind-laden parts of a story. Scientific Study of Literature, 3(1), 137–153. doi: 10.1075/ssol.3.1.11wal
Wang, C. , Zhu, R. and Handy, T. C.
(2015) Experiencing haptic roughness promotes empathy. Journal of Consumer Psychology. doi: 10.1016/j.jcps.2015.11.001
White, R. E. , & Carlson, S. M.
(2015) What would Batman do? Self‐distancing improves executive function in young children. Developmental science. doi: 10.1111/desc.12314
Wicker, B. , Keysers, C. , Plailly, J. , Royet, J.P. , Gallese, V. , & Rizzolatti, G.
(2003) Both of us disgusted in my insula: The common neural basis of seeing and feeling disgust. Neuron40, 655–664. doi: 10.1016/S0896‑6273(03)00679‑2
Willems, R. M. , & Casasanto, D.
(2011) Flexibility in embodied language understanding. Frontiers in Psychology, 2, 116. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00116
Wilson, M.
(2002) Six views on embodied cognition. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 9(4): 625–635. doi: 10.3758/BF03196322
Winkielman, P. , & Schooler, J. W.
(2011) Splitting consciousness: Unconscious, conscious, and metaconscious processes in social cognition. European Review of Social Psychology, 22(1), 1–35. doi: 10.1080/10463283.2011.576580
Zaki, J. , & Ochsner, K. N.
(2012) The neuroscience of empathy: Progress, pitfalls and promise. Nature Neuroscience, 15(5), 675–680. doi: 10.1038/nn.3085
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address