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Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict

image of Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict
ISSN 2213-1272
E-ISSN 2213-1280

<p>The goal of the journal is to create a unique outlet for cutting edge research, and has a format, content and structure that reflect the rapidly growing interest in studies that focus on the language of aggression and conflict. The special focus on language use derives from the assumption that although aggression and conflict may manifest themselves through other means, they are fundamentally realized through language. Therefore, a thorough understanding of conflict and aggression needs to be anchored in an analysis of discourse.</p><p>The journal intends to be a forum for researchers who are interested in new tools and methods to investigate and better understand the language of aggression and conflict. Thus, JLAC is multidisciplinary in nature and encourages, supports and facilitates interaction and scholarly debate among researchers representing different fields including, but not limited to, linguistics, communication, psychology, anthropology, bi- and multilingualism, business management, second language acquisition, gender studies, etc.</p>

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  • “Uh. . . . not to be nitpicky,,,,,but…the past tense of drag is dragged, not drug.”: An overview of trolling strategies
    • Author: Claire Hardaker
    • Source: Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict, Volume 1, Issue 1, 2013, pages: 58 –86
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    • This paper investigates the phenomenon known as trolling — the behaviour of being deliberately antagonistic or offensive via computer-mediated communication (CMC), typically for amusement’s sake. Having previously started to answer the question, what is trolling? (Hardaker 2010), this paper seeks to answer the next question, how is trolling carried out? To do this, I use software to extract 3,727 examples of user discussions and accusations of trolling from an eighty-six million word Usenet corpus. Initial findings suggest that trolling is perceived to broadly fall across a cline with covert strategies and overt strategies at each pole. I create a working taxonomy of perceived strategies that occur at different points along this cline, and conclude by refining my trolling definition.
  • Beyond conflicts: Origin and types of issues leading to argumentative discussions during family mealtimes
    • Authors: Antonio Bova, and Francesco Arcidiacono
    • Source: Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict, Volume 3, Issue 2, 2015, pages: 263 –288
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    • This paper sets out to investigate the issues leading parents to engage in argumentative discussions with their children during mealtimes. Within a data corpus of 30 video-recorded meals of 10 middle to upper-middle-class Swiss and Italian families with a high socio-cultural level, 107 argumentative discussions between parents and children aged from 3 to 9 years old were selected. The approach for the analysis is based on the pragma-dialectical ideal model of a critical discussion. The results show that family argumentative discussions unfold around issues that are generated both by parental prescriptions and by children’s requests. The parental prescriptions largely concern context-bound activities such as having to eat a certain food or the teaching of correct table manners. The issues triggered by children’s requests refer to a wide range of activities, mainly related to the activity of mealtimes but also related to the children’s behavior outside the family context. These results indicate that argumentative interactions between parents and children are not mere conflictual episodes that must be avoided, but they essentially have a broader educational function.
  • Towards a cross-cultural pragmatic taxonomy of insults
    • Authors: José Mateo, and Francisco Ramos Yus
    • Source: Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict, Volume 1, Issue 1, 2013, pages: 87 –114
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    • The aim of this paper is to explain the use of insults from a relevance-theoretic perspective. To that end, our analysis takes into consideration four variables that, we believe, play a major role in how insults are produced an interpreted: (a) the conventional or innovative nature of the insult; (b) the underlying intentionality (to offend, to praise or to establish/maintain social bonding; (c) the in/correct interpretation of the insult, and (d) the addressee’s reaction or lack thereof. The combination of these variables generates a twenty four case taxonomy that can account for and describe the use of insults in any given (cross)-cultural context. The proposed taxonomy will be here described and exemplified.
  • Heckling — A mimetic-interpersonal perspective
    • Author: Dániel Z. Kádár
    • Source: Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict, Volume 2, Issue 1, 2014, pages: 1 –35
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    • The present paper aims to model the interactional operation of heckling, which has received little attention in impoliteness and interaction studies, despite the fact that studying this phenomenon has various advantages for the analyst. In order to fill this knowledge gap, I approach heckling by combining Turner’s (1982) anthropological framework with my interaction-based relational ritual theory (e.g. Kádár 2012, 2013; Kádár and Bax 2013). Following Turner, I define heckling as a ‘social drama’, which is evaluated by its watchers as ‘judges’. In accordance with my relational ritual framework I argue that heckling is a mimetic ritualistic mini-performance, which is inherently interactional as it operates in the adjacent action pair of the heckler’s performance and the public speaker/performer’s counter-performance. Adopting Turner’s terminology, heckling is a ritualistic performance of ‘anti-structure’, i.e. it upsets the regular social — and consequently interactional — structure of a setting. Successful counter-performance is a ritual of ‘structure’, which restores the normal social structure of the event, as the public speaker/performer regains control over the interaction. Through the social actions of performance and counter-performance the heckled and the heckler aim to affiliate themselves with the audience, who are ‘metaparticipants’ of the ritualistic interaction, and with the watchers/listeners in the case of video/audio-recorded interactions, who can be defined as ‘lay observers’ (cf. Kádár and Haugh 2013). Approaching heckling as a theatrical type of relational ritual helps us capture various complexities of this phenomenon, such as its relationship with certain interactional settings and metaparticipant expectations/evaluations, and its interface with related phenomena such as impoliteness.
  • Face in conflict
    • Author: Derek Bousfield
    • Source: Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict, Volume 1, Issue 1, 2013, pages: 37 –57
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    • Studies of conflict and conflict resolution rarely concern themselves with the ways in which conflictive situations are triggered. Corsaro and Rizzo (1990), in considering interpersonal conflict and aggression do suggest that conflict begins with one antagonist taking challenging opposition to an ‘antecedent event’. Further, within linguistics, even those studies which take a perspective on the role of language in the genesis, conduct, and consequences of mass violence (see the collection of papers in Dedaic and Nelson 2003) ignore the role that ‘face’ (Goffman 1967), and facework can have at any stage. The main contentions of this paper, therefore, are that the concept of “face” cannot be ignored at any level or stage of interaction, that face and identity whilst distinct and discrete concepts interlink, and, finally, that both concepts apply in instances of ethnic or international conflict and aggression. As such, it is argued that face and identity must henceforth be considered central to research or theorising on all aspects of aggression, conflict and conflict resolution.
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