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Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area

image of Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area
ISSN 0731-3500
E-ISSN 2214-5907

<p><em>Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area</em> is a peer-reviewed (refereed) journal devoted to the synchronic and diachronic study of the languages of mainland Southeast Asia, the Indo-Burma region, the Tibetan Plateau and the Himalayas, with a special focus on the vast and ramified Tibeto-Burman family. In addition to Tibeto-Burman, articles have appeared on languages belonging to all the major linguistic families of this great expanse of Asia, including Austroasiatic, Hmong-Mien, Indo-Aryan and Tai-Kadai.</p> <p><em>LTBA</em> was founded in 1974 and has been in continuous publication ever since, attracting contributions from many of the leading scholars in the field. The journal invites submissions of high quality papers dealing with any aspect of morphology and syntax, phonetics and phonology, pragmatics, sociolinguistics, historical linguistics, genetic classification, lexicography, language documentation and language maintenance. Submissions that address matters of theoretical interest richly supported by empirical data are particularly welcomed.</p> <p>The journal publishes two issues per year containing original articles, book reviews, review articles, discussions, conference reports, and announcements.</p> <p>John Benjamins Publishing Company is the official publisher as of Volume 37 (2014).</p>

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  • Towards a new approach to evidentiality: Issues and directions for research
    • Authors: Nicolas Tournadre, and Randy J. LaPolla
    • Source: Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area, Volume 37, Issue 2, 2014, pages: 240 –263
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    • Evidentiality is often defined as the grammatical means of expressing information source. This paper argues for a broader definition of evidentials, as close work documenting languages has shown that simply saying evidentials mark source of information does not capture all of the actual uses of evidential marking. The paper discusses other aspects that need to be taken account of in any full discussion of the use of evidential marking, in particular the speaker’s access to information (not just source), plus the subjective strategy or perspective of the speaker in representing a particular state of affairs. The notion of ‘source’ in this paper is used in a restricted sense to mean primarily a verbal source of information (reported information) and is distinguished from ‘access’, which refers to the non-verbal access to information (sensory, inferential, etc., including the sensory access to verbal source) available to the speaker, though marking of source and access may appear together. Given this distinction the paper proposes a new definition of evidential marking: the representation of source and access to information according to the speaker’s perspective and strategy.
  • Clause linking in Japhug
    • Author: Guillaume Jacques
    • Source: Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area, Volume 37, Issue 2, 2014, pages: 264 –328
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    • This paper presents a detailed description of clause linking in Japhug, based on a corpus of traditional narratives and conversations. It follows the methodology used in Dixon and Aikhenvald’s (2009) collective book on this topic, to ease crosslinguistic comparisons. Although Japhug has a very rich system of converbs, there is not a single meaning that requires a non-finite form: all subtypes of clause linking can be expressed exclusively with finite verb forms, and these indeed predominate in our corpus.
  • Second person verb forms in Tibeto-Burman
    • Author: Scott DeLancey
    • Source: Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area, Volume 37, Issue 1, 2014, pages: 3 –33
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    • Since the beginning of research on the PTB verb agreement, 2nd person marking has posed a persistent problem. Every scholar who has dealt with the problem reconstructs a set of person/number suffixes including 2sg #-n(a). But there is also strong evidence for a #t‑ prefix which also indexes 2nd person. My purpose in this paper is to summarize the results of a number of descriptions and analyses which have appeared over the last decade or so, which provide new evidence concerning the #t‑ prefix, and resolve some of the problems which had previously impeded our understanding of this form. I will show that there were two distinct verb forms used for 2nd person reference in PTB. In the final section of the paper I will speculate about the implications of this fact.
  • Volition and control in Wǎdū Pǔmǐ
    • Author: Henriëtte Daudey
    • Source: Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area, Volume 37, Issue 1, 2014, pages: 75 –103
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    • In this paper I will argue that verb inflection in the Wǎdū variety of Pǔmǐ is not based on actor-agreement or person-number agreement as has been attested for several other Pǔmǐ varieties, but is based rather on pragmatic notions of volition and control that tie in with evidentiality and egophoricity, similar to that reported for Tibetan dialects.
  • The Duoxu Language and the Ersu-Lizu-Duoxu relationship
    • Author: Katia Chirkova
    • Source: Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area, Volume 37, Issue 1, 2014, pages: 104 –146
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    • Duoxu is a terminally endangered and virtually undescribed Tibeto-Burman language, spoken in the historically multi-ethnic and multi-lingual Miǎnníng county of Sìchuān province in the People’s Republic of China. Until recently, Duoxu was known only through a 740-word vocabulary list in the Sino-Tibetan vocabularies Xīfān Yìyǔ [Tibetan-Chinese bilingual glossary], recorded in Chinese and Tibetan transcriptions in the 18th century, and a grammatical sketch (Huáng & Yǐn 2012). Researchers who have worked on the language (Nishida 1973, Sūn 1982, Huáng & Yǐn 2012) have expressed different views about the features and the genetic position of Duoxu, variously viewing it as (1) closely related to Lolo-Burmese languages (Nishida 1973), (2) closely related to Ersu and Lizu, two neighboring languages that are currently classified as members of the Qiangic subgroup of the Tibeto-Burman language family (Sūn 1982), or (3) distantly related to those two languages and to Qiangic languages at large (Huáng & Yǐn 2012).The Duoxu language is critically endangered and urgently requires documentation. It is of great value for our understanding of the linguistic diversity of the region, and of its linguistic history. It is also of great value as a modern reflection of a language that was recorded in the 18th century. This paper makes a significant contribution in all these areas. Based on new fieldwork with all remaining elderly Duoxu speakers, this study provides newly collected data and a new analysis. It compares the newly collected data with the 18th-century attestations of Duoxu as well as with its two putative sister languages Ersu and Lizu. The conclusion of the study is that Duoxu is closely related to Ersu and Lizu, with superficial differences attributed to long-standing and on-going contact influence from Southwestern Mandarin.
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