The Multimodal Performance of Conversational Humor

image of The Multimodal Performance of Conversational Humor

This volume is the first monograph exploring the functions of visual cues in humor, advocating for the development of a non-linguocentric theory of humor performance. It analyzes a corpus of dyadic, face-to-face interactions in Spanish and English to study the relationship between humor, smiling, and gaze, and shows how, by focusing on these elements, it is possible to shed light on the “unsaid” of conversations.

In the book, the humorous framing of an utterance is shown to be negotiated and co-constructed dialogically and multimodally, through changes and patterns of smiling synchronicity, smiling intensity, and eye movements. The study also analyzes the multimodal features of failed humor and proposes a new categorization from a dialogic perspective.

Because of its interdisciplinary approach, which includes facial expression analysis and eye tracking, this book is relevant to humor researchers as well as scholars in social and behavioral sciences interested in multimodality and embodied cognition.


  1. Abel, E. L. , & Kruger, M. L.
    (2010) Smile intensity in photographs predicts longevity. Psychological Science, 21(4), 542–544. 10.1177/0956797610363775
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797610363775 [Google Scholar]
  2. Abeles, D. , & Yuval-Greenberg, S.
    (2017) Just look away: Gaze aversions as an overt attentional disengagement mechanism. Cognition, 168, 99–109. 10.1016/j.cognition.2017.06.021
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2017.06.021 [Google Scholar]
  3. Adachi, T.
    (1996) Sarcasm in Japanese. Studies in Language20(1), 1–36.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Adams, R. B. , Jr. , & Kleck, R. E.
    (2005) Effects of direct and averted gaze on the perception of facially communicated emotion. Emotion, 5(1), 3–11. 10.1037/1528‑3542.5.1.3
    https://doi.org/10.1037/1528-3542.5.1.3 [Google Scholar]
  5. Adler, R. M.
    (2018) Toward a psycholinguistic model of irony comprehension. [Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland]. hdl.handle.net/1903/21153.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Adler, R. M. , Novick, J. M. , & Huang, Y. T.
    (2016) The time course of verbal irony comprehension and context integration. In Salfner, F. & Sauerland, E. (Eds.), Pre-proceedings of Trends in Experimental Pragmatics (pp.1–9). XPRAG.de. https://www.xprag.de/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/TiXPrag-preproc.pdf#page=6.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Amoyal, M. , & Priego-Valverde B.
    (2019) Smiling for negotiating topic transitions in French conversation. In Grimminger, A. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 6th Gesture and Speech in Interaction – GESPIN6 (pp.9–14). University Library Paderborn.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Amoyal, M. , Priego-Valverde B. , & Rauzy S.
    (2020) PACO : A corpus to analyze the impact of common ground in spontaneous face-to-face interaction. Language Resources and Evaluation Conference, LREC 2020, Marseille, France. https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/2020.lrec-1.79.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Andersen, P. A.
    (2000) Explaining intercultural differences in nonverbal communication. In L. A. Samovar & R. E. Porter (Eds.), Intercultural communication: A reader (9th ed., pp.258–279). Wadsworth.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Andersen, P. A. , Hecht, M. , Hoobler, G. D. , & Smallwood, M.
    (2003) Nonverbal communication across cultures. In W. B. Gudykunst (Ed.), Cross-cultural and intercultural communication (pp.73–90). SAGE.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Andrist, S. , Mutlu, B. , & Gleicher, M.
    (2013, August) Conversational gaze aversion for virtual agents. InInternational Workshop on Intelligent Virtual Agents (pp.249-262). Springer. pages.cs.wisc.edu/~bilge/pubs/2013/IVA13-Andrist.pdf
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Andrzejewski, S. A. , & Mooney, E. C.
    (2016) Service with a smile: Does the type of smile matter? Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 29, 135–41.  10.1016/j.jretconser.2015.11.010
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jretconser.2015.11.010 [Google Scholar]
  13. Anolli, L. , & Lambiase, L.
    (1990) "Giochi di sguardo” nella conversazione. Giornale Italiano di Psicologia, 17, 27-59.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Anolli, L. , Ciceri, R. , & Infantino, M. G.
    (2000) Irony as a game of implicitness: Acoustic profiles of ironic communication. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 29, 275–311. 10.1023/A:1005100221723
    https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005100221723 [Google Scholar]
  15. Archakis, A. , Giakoumelou, M. , Papazachariou, D. , & Tsakona, V.
    (2010) The prosodic framing of humour in conversational narratives: Evidence from Greek data. Journal of Greek Linguistics, 10(2), 187–212. 10.1163/156658410X531375
    https://doi.org/10.1163/156658410X531375 [Google Scholar]
  16. Argyle, M.
    (1988) [1975]Bodily communication. Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Argyle, M. , &  Cook, M.
    (1976) Gaze and mutual gaze. Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Arizpe, J. , Kravitz, D. J. , Walsh, V. , Yovel, G. , & Baker, C. I.
    (2016) Differences in looking at own-and other-race faces are subtle and analysis-dependent: An account of discrepant reports. PLoS One, 11(2), e0148253.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Arslan, A. Ü. , Kalkan, S. , & Acarturk, C.
    (2018) MAGiC: A multimodal framework for analysing gaze in dyadic communication. Journal of Eye Movement Research, 11(6), 1–13.  10.16910/jemr.11.6.2
    https://doi.org/10.16910/jemr.11.6.2 [Google Scholar]
  20. Atkinson, D. , Churchill, E. , Nishino, T. , & Okada, H.
    (2007) Alignment and interaction in a sociocognitive approach to second language acquisition. The Modern Language Journal, 91(2), 169–188. 10.1111/j.1540‑4781.2007.00539.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4781.2007.00539.x [Google Scholar]
  21. Attardo, S.
    (1994) Linguistic theories of humor. Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Attardo, S.
    (2000a) Irony and relevant inappropriateness. Journal of Pragmatics, 32(6), 793–826. 10.1016/S0378‑2166(99)00070‑3
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(99)00070-3 [Google Scholar]
  23. (2000b) Irony markers and functions: Towards a goal-oriented theory of irony and its processing. Rask, Internationalt Tidsskrift for Sprog og Kommunikation, 12, 3–20.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. (2001) Humorous texts: A semantic and pragmatic analysis. De Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110887969
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110887969 [Google Scholar]
  25. (2002) Humor and irony in interaction: From mode adoption to failure of detection. In L. Anolli , R. Ciceri , & G. Riva (Eds.), Say not to say: New perspectives on miscommunication (pp.166–185). IOS Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. (2015) Encyclopedia of humor studies. SAGE.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. (2015) Humor and laughter. In Tannen, D. , Hamilton, H. E. , & Schiffrin, D. (Eds.), The handbook of discourse analysis (pp.168–188). Wiley. 10.1002/9781118584194.ch8
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118584194.ch8 [Google Scholar]
  28. (2019) Humor and mirth. Emotions, embodied cognition, and sustained humor. In J. L. Mackenzie & L. Alba-Juez (Eds.), Emotion in discourse (pp.189–212). John Benjamins. 10.1075/pbns.302.08att
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.302.08att [Google Scholar]
  29. (2020) The linguistics of humor: An introduction. Oxford University Press. 10.1093/oso/9780198791270.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198791270.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  30. (2021) Humor and cognitive linguistics. In Xu, W. , & Taylor, J. R. (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of cognitive linguistics (pp.359–371). Routledge. 10.4324/9781351034708‑24
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781351034708-24 [Google Scholar]
  31. (Ed.) (2017) The Routledge handbook of language and humor. Routledge. 10.4324/9781315731162
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315731162 [Google Scholar]
  32. Attardo, S. , & Chabanne, J. C.
    (1992) Jokes as a text type. HUMOR – International Journal of Humor Research, 5(1–2), 165–176. 10.1515/humr.1992.5.1‑2.165
    https://doi.org/10.1515/humr.1992.5.1-2.165 [Google Scholar]
  33. Attardo, S. , & Pickering, L.
    (2011) Timing in the performance of jokes. HUMOR – International Journal of Humor Research, 24(2), 233–250. 10.1515/HUMR.2011.015
    https://doi.org/10.1515/HUMR.2011.015 [Google Scholar]
  34. Attardo, S. , & Raskin, V.
    (1991) Script theory revis(it)ed: Joke similarity and joke representation model. HUMOR – International Journal of Humor Research, 4(3–4), 293–347. 10.1515/humr.1991.4.3‑4.293
    https://doi.org/10.1515/humr.1991.4.3-4.293 [Google Scholar]
  35. (2017) Linguistics and humor theory. In Attardo, S. (Ed.), The Routledge handbook of language and humor (pp.49–63). Routledge. 10.4324/9781315731162‑5
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315731162-5 [Google Scholar]
  36. Attardo, S. , Eisterhold, J. , Hay, J. , & Poggi, I.
    (2003) Multimodal markers of irony and sarcasm. HUMOR – International Journal of Humor Research, 16(2), 243–260. 10.1515/humr.2003.012
    https://doi.org/10.1515/humr.2003.012 [Google Scholar]
  37. Attardo, S. , & Pickering, L.
    (forthcoming, 2022) An Introduction to eye-tracking in linguistics: An applied handbook. Bloomsbury.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Attardo, S. , Pickering, L. , & Baker, A.
    (2011a) Prosodic and multimodal markers of humor in conversation. Pragmatics and Cognition, 19(2), 224–247. 10.1075/pc.19.2.03att
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pc.19.2.03att [Google Scholar]
  39. Attardo, S. , Pickering, L. , Lomotey, F. , & Menjo, S.
    (2013) Multimodality in conversational humor. Review of Cognitive Linguistics, 11(2), 400–414. 10.1075/rcl.11.2.12att
    https://doi.org/10.1075/rcl.11.2.12att [Google Scholar]
  40. Attardo, S. , Wagner, M. , & Urios-Aparisi, E.
    (2011b) Prosody and humor. Pragmatics & Cognition, 19(2), 189–201. 10.1075/pc.19.2.01att
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pc.19.2.01att [Google Scholar]
  41. Aubouin, E.
    (1948) Les genres du risible. Ridicule, comique, esprit, humour. OFEP.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Audrieth, A. L.
    (1998) The art of using humor in public speaking. www.squaresail .com/auh.html (Part 4. Delivery).
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Au-Yeung, S. K. , Kaakinen, J. K. , Liversedge, S. P. , & Benson, V.
    (2015) Processing of written irony in Autism Spectrum Disorder: An eye-movement study. Autism Research, 8(6), 749-760.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Aviezer, H. , Hassin, R. , Bentin, S. , & Trope, Y.
    (2008) Putting facial expressions back in context. In Ambady, N. , & Skowronski, J. J. (Eds.), First impressions (pp.255-286). The Guilford Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Baltrušaitis, T. , Robinson, P. , & Morency, L.-P.
    (2016) OpenFace: An open-source facial behavior analysis toolkit. InThe 2016 IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV) (pp.1–10). 10.1109/WACV.2016.7477553
    https://doi.org/10.1109/WACV.2016.7477553 [Google Scholar]
  46. Baltrušaitis, T. , Zadeh, A. , Lim, Y. C. , & Morency, L.-P.
    (2018) OpenFace 2.0: Facial Behavior Analysis Toolkit. InThe 13th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face & Gesture Recognition (FG 2018) (pp.59–66). 10.1109/FG.2018.00019
    https://doi.org/10.1109/FG.2018.00019 [Google Scholar]
  47. Bänninger-Hueber, E. , & Rauber-Kaiser, S.
    (1989) Die Differenzierung verschiedener Lächel-Typen: FACS-Codierung und Einschätzungen. Eine Untersuchung zur Eindrucksbildung. [Differentiation of various types of smiles: FACS-coding and ratings: A study on impression formation.]. Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 48, 21–34.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Bargh, J. A. , & Chartrand, T. L.
    (1999) The unbearable automaticity of being. American Psychologist, 54(7), 462–479. 10.1037/0003‑066X.54.7.462
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.54.7.462 [Google Scholar]
  49. Barisic, I. , Timmermans, B. , Pfeiffer, U. J. , Bente, G. , Vogeley, K. , & Schilbach, L.
    (2013) In it together: Using dual eye tracking to investigate real-time social interactions. InProceedings from SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. gaze-interaction.net/web/images/btp%2b13.pdf.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Bauman, R.
    (1986) Story, performance, and event. Contextual studies of oral narrative. Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511620935
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511620935 [Google Scholar]
  51. Bavelas, J. B. , & Gerwing, J.
    (2011) The listener as addressee in face-to-face dialogue. International Journal of Listening, 25(3), 178–198. 10.1080/10904018.2010.508675
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10904018.2010.508675 [Google Scholar]
  52. Bavelas, J. B. , Coates, L. , & Johnson, T.
    (2002) Listener responses as a collaborative process: The role of gaze. Journal of Communication, 52(3), 566–580. 10.1111/j.1460‑2466.2002.tb02562.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2466.2002.tb02562.x [Google Scholar]
  53. Bayliss, A. P. , Frischen, A. , Fenske, M. J. , & Tipper, S. P.
    (2007) Affective evaluations of objects are influenced by observed gaze direction and emotional expression. Cognition, 104(3), 644–653. 10.1016/j.cognition.2006.07.012
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2006.07.012 [Google Scholar]
  54. Bayliss, A. P. , Paul, M. A. , Cannon, P. R. , & Tipper, S. P.
    (2006) Gaze cuing and affective judgments of objects: I like what you look at. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 13, 1061–1066. 10.3758/BF03213926
    https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03213926 [Google Scholar]
  55. Bazzanella, C. , & Damiano, R.
    (1999) The interactional handling of misunderstanding in everyday conversations. Journal of Pragmatics, 31, 817–836. 10.1016/S0378‑2166(98)00058‑7
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(98)00058-7 [Google Scholar]
  56. Beard, F. K.
    (2008) Advertising and audience offense: The role of intentional humour. Journal of Marketing Communications, 14 (1), pp.1–17. 10.1080/13527260701467760
    https://doi.org/10.1080/13527260701467760 [Google Scholar]
  57. Beattie, G. W.
    (1978) Floor apportionment and gaze in conversational dyads. British Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 17(1), 7-15.
    [Google Scholar]
  58. Beattie, G. W.
    (1981) A further investigation of the cognitive interference hypothesis of gaze patterns during conversation. British Journal of Social Psychology, 20(4), 243–248. 10.1111/j.2044‑8309.1981.tb00493.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8309.1981.tb00493.x [Google Scholar]
  59. Bell, N.
    (2009) Responses to failed humor. Journal of Pragmatics, 41(9), 1825–1836. 10.1016/j.pragma.2008.10.010
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2008.10.010 [Google Scholar]
  60. (2009b) Impolite responses to failed humor. In D. Chiaro & N. Norrick (Eds.), Humor in interaction (pp.143–163). John Benjamins. 10.1075/pbns.182.07bel
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.182.07bel [Google Scholar]
  61. (2013) Responses to incomprehensible humor. Journal of Pragmatics, 57, 176–189. 10.1016/j.pragma.2013.08.019
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2013.08.019 [Google Scholar]
  62. (2015) We are not amused: Failed humor in interaction. Mouton De Gruyter. 10.1515/9781501501586
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9781501501586 [Google Scholar]
  63. (2017) Failed humor. In Attardo, S. (Ed.), The Routledge handbook of language and humor (pp.356–370). Routledge. 10.4324/9781315731162‑25
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315731162-25 [Google Scholar]
  64. (2018) Pragmatics, humor studies, and the study of interaction. In C. Ilie & N. Norrick (Eds.), Pragmatics and its Interfaces (pp.291–309). John Benjamins. 10.1075/pbns.294.13bel
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.294.13bel [Google Scholar]
  65. Bell, N. , & Attardo, S.
    (2010) Failed humor: Issues in non-native speakers’ appreciation and understanding of humor. Intercultural Pragmatics, 7(3), 423–447. 10.1515/iprg.2010.019
    https://doi.org/10.1515/iprg.2010.019 [Google Scholar]
  66. Bergson, H.
    (1901) Laughter: An essay on the meaning of the comic ( C. Brereton & F. Rothwell , Trans.). Macmillan. https://archive.org/details/ laughteranessay00berggoog
    [Google Scholar]
  67. Bertrand, R. , & Priego-Valverde, B.
    (2011) Does prosody play a specific role in conversational humor?Pragmatics and Cognition, 19(2), 333–356. 10.1075/pc.19.2.08ber
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pc.19.2.08ber [Google Scholar]
  68. Beukeboom, C. J.
    (2009) When words feel right: How affective expressions of listeners change a speaker’s language use. European Journal of Social Psychology, 39(5), 747–756. 10.1002/ejsp.572
    https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.572 [Google Scholar]
  69. Birdwhistell, R. L.
    (1970) Kinesics and context: Essays on body motion communication. University of Pennsylvania Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  70. Bitterly, T. , Brooks, B. , & Schweitzer, M. E.
    (2017) Risky business: When humor increases and decreases status. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 112(3), 431–455. 10.1037/pspi0000079
    https://doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000079 [Google Scholar]
  71. Blais, C. , Jack, R. E. , Scheepers, C. , Fiset, D. , & Caldara, R.
    (2008) Culture shapes how we look at faces. PloS one, 3(8), e3022.
    [Google Scholar]
  72. Blurton-Jones, N. G.
    (1971) Criteria for use in describing facial expressions of children. Human Biology, 43(3), 365–413.
    [Google Scholar]
  73. Boxer, D. , & Cortés-Conde, F.
    (1997) From bonding to biting: Conversational joking and identity display. Journal of Pragmatics, 27(3), 275–294. 10.1016/S0378‑2166(96)00031‑8
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(96)00031-8 [Google Scholar]
  74. Brône, G.
    (2012) Humour and irony in cognitive pragmatics. In Schmid H. (Ed.), Handbook of cognitive pragmatics (pp.463–504). Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110214215.463
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110214215.463 [Google Scholar]
  75. (2017) Cognitive linguistics and humor research. In Attardo, S. (Ed.), The Routledge handbook of language and humor (pp.250–266). Routledge. 10.4324/9781315731162‑18
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315731162-18 [Google Scholar]
  76. (2021) The multimodal negotiation of irony and humor in interaction. On the role of eye gaze in joint pretense. In Soares da Silva, A. (Ed.), Figurative language – Intersubjectivity and usage (pp.109–136). John Benjamins. 10.1075/ftl.11.04bro
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ftl.11.04bro [Google Scholar]
  77. Brône, G. , & Oben, B.
    (2015) InSight Interaction: a multimodal and multifocal dialogue corpus. Language Resources and Evaluation, 49(1), 195–214. 10.1007/s10579‑014‑9283‑2
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10579-014-9283-2 [Google Scholar]
  78. (Eds.) (2018) Eye-tracking in interaction. Studies on the role of eye gaze in dialogue. John Benjamins. 10.1075/ais.10
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ais.10 [Google Scholar]
  79. Brône, G. , Feyaerts, K. , & Veale, T.
    (2006) Introduction: Cognitive linguistic approaches to humor. HUMOR – International Journal of Humor Research, 19(3), 203–228. 10.1515/HUMOR.2006.012
    https://doi.org/10.1515/HUMOR.2006.012 [Google Scholar]
  80. (Eds.) (2015) Cognitive linguistics and humor research. De Gruyter Mouton. 10.1515/9783110346343
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110346343 [Google Scholar]
  81. Brône, G. , Oben, B. , Jehoul, A. , Vranjes, J. , & Feyaerts, K.
    (2017) Eye gaze and viewpoint in multimodal interaction management. Cognitive Linguistics, 28(3), 449-483.
    [Google Scholar]
  82. Broz, F. , Lehmann, H. , Nehaniv, C. L. , & Dautenhahn, K.
    (2012) Mutual gaze, personality, and familiarity: Dual eye-tracking during conversation. In2012 IEEE RO-MAN: The 21st IEEE international symposium on robot and human interactive communication (pp.858-864). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
    [Google Scholar]
  83. Brown, P. , & Levinson, S.
    (1987) Politeness: Some universals in language usage. Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511813085
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511813085 [Google Scholar]
  84. Brunner, L. J.
    (1979) Smiles can be back channels. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37(5), 728–734. 10.1037/0022‑3514.37.5.728
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.37.5.728 [Google Scholar]
  85. Bryant, G. A. , & Fox Tree, J. E.
    (2002) Recognizing verbal irony in spontaneous speech. Metaphor and Symbol, 17(2), 99–117. 10.1207/S15327868MS1702_2
    https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327868MS1702_2 [Google Scholar]
  86. (2005) Is there an ironic tone of voice?Language and Speech, 48(3), 257–277. 10.1177/00238309050480030101
    https://doi.org/10.1177/00238309050480030101 [Google Scholar]
  87. Buján-Navarro, M.
    (2019a) Humour production in face-to-face interaction: A multimodal and cognitive study. [Doctoral Dissertation, Universidad de Valladolid]. uvadoc.uva.es/handle/10324/37902.
    [Google Scholar]
  88. (2019b) The function of face gestures and head movements in spontaneous humorous communication. The European Journal of Humor Research, 7(2). 10.7592/EJHR2019.7.2.bujan
    https://doi.org/10.7592/EJHR2019.7.2.bujan [Google Scholar]
  89. Burgers, C. , van Mulken, M. , & Schellens, P. J.
    (2012) Verbal irony differences in usage across written genres. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 31(3), 290–310. 10.1177/0261927X12446596
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0261927X12446596 [Google Scholar]
  90. Burgoon, J. K. , Buller, D, B. , & Woodall, W. G.
    (1989) Nonverbal communication: The unspoken dialogue. HarperCollins.
    [Google Scholar]
  91. Burns, L. , Marra, M. , & Holmes, J.
    (2001) Women’s humour in the workplace: A quantitative analysis. Australian Journal of Communication, 28(1), 83–108.
    [Google Scholar]
  92. Buswell, G. T.
    (1922) Fundamental reading habits: A study of their development. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  93. Caldara, R. , Zhou, X. , & Miellet, S.
    (2010) Putting culture under the ‘spotlight’reveals universal information use for face recognition. PLoS One, 5(3), e9708.
    [Google Scholar]
  94. Canal, P. , Bischetti, L. , Di Paola, S. , Bertini, C. , Ricci, I. , & Bambini, V.
    (2019) ‘Honey, shall I change the baby? – Well done, choose another one’: ERP and time-frequency correlates of humor processing. Brain and Cognition, 132, 41–55. 10.1016/j.bandc.2019.02.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.02.001 [Google Scholar]
  95. Canestrari, C.
    (2010) Meta-communicative signals and humorous verbal interchanges: A case study. HUMOR – International Journal of Humor Research, 23(3), 327–349. 10.1515/humr.2010.015
    https://doi.org/10.1515/humr.2010.015 [Google Scholar]
  96. Cappella, J. N.
    (1997) Behavioral and judged coordination in adult informal social interactions: Vocal and kinesic indicators. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72(1), 119–131. 10.1037/0022‑3514.72.1.119
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.72.1.119 [Google Scholar]
  97. Carroll, J. M. , & Russell, J. A.
    (1996) Do facial expressions signal specific emotions? Judging emotion from the face in context. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(2), 205-218.
    [Google Scholar]
  98. Cary, M. S.
    (1978) The role of gaze in the initiation of conversation. Social Psychology, 41(3), 269-271. https://www.jstor.org/stable/3033565.
    [Google Scholar]
  99. Caucci, G. M. , & Kreuz, R. J.
    (2012) Social and paralinguistic cues to sarcasm. HUMOR – International Journal of Humor Research, 25(1), 1–22. 10.1515/humor‑2012‑0001
    https://doi.org/10.1515/humor-2012-0001 [Google Scholar]
  100. Chafe, W.
    (1994) Discourse, consciousness, and time. The flow and displacement of conscious experience in speaking and writing. University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  101. (2007) The importance of not being earnest: The feeling behind laughter and humor. John Benjamins. 10.1075/ceb.3
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ceb.3 [Google Scholar]
  102. Chapman, A. J. , & Chapman, W. A.
    (1974) Responsiveness to humor: Its dependency upon a companion’s humorous smiling and laughter. The Journal of Psychology, 88(2), 245–252. 10.1080/00223980.1974.9915735
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.1974.9915735 [Google Scholar]
  103. Chapman, A. J. , & Foot, H. C.
    (1977) (Eds.). It’s a funny thing, humor. Proceedings of The International Conference on Humour and Laughter. Pergamon Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  104. Cheang, H. S. , & Pell, M. D.
    (2008) The sound of sarcasm. Speech Communication, 50(5), 366–81. 10.1016/j.specom.2007.11.003
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.specom.2007.11.003 [Google Scholar]
  105. Cheang, H. S. , & Pell, M. D.
    (2009) Acoustic markers of sarcasm in Cantonese and English. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 126(3), 1394-405. 10.1121/1.3177275. PMID: 19739753.
    https://doi.org/10.1121/1.3177275 [Google Scholar]
  106. Cheng, S. , Sun, Z. , Ma, X. , Forlizzi, J. L. , Hudson, S. E. , & Dey, A.
    (2015) Social eye tracking: Gaze recall with online crowds. InProceedings of the 18th ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work & Social Computing (pp.454-463). 10.1145/2675133.2675249.
    https://doi.org/10.1145/2675133.2675249 [Google Scholar]
  107. Cheyne, J. A.
    (1976) Development of forms and functions of smiling in preschoolers. Child Development, 47(3), 820–823. 10.2307/1128200
    https://doi.org/10.2307/1128200 [Google Scholar]
  108. Chiao, J. Y. , Harada, T. , Komeda, H. , Li, Z. , Mano, Y. , Saito, D. , Parrish, T. , Sarado N. , & Iikada, T.
    (2010) Dynamic cultural influences on neural representations of the self. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22(1), 1–11. 10.1162/jocn.2009.21192
    https://doi.org/10.1162/jocn.2009.21192 [Google Scholar]
  109. Chiaro, D.
    (1992) The language of jokes: Analysing verbal play. Routledge. 10.4324/9780203327562
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203327562 [Google Scholar]
  110. Chovanec, J.
    (2021) Saving one's face from unintended humour: Impression management in follow-up sports interviews. Journal of Pragmatics, 176, 198-212.
    [Google Scholar]
  111. Chovil, N.
    (1991a) Social determinants of facial displays in conversation. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 15, 141–154. 10.1007/BF01672216
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01672216 [Google Scholar]
  112. (1991b) Discourse-oriented facial displays in conversation. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 25, 163–194. 10.1080/08351819109389361
    https://doi.org/10.1080/08351819109389361 [Google Scholar]
  113. Christensen, P. , Fusaroli, R. , & Tylén, K.
    (2016) Environmental constraints shaping constituent order in emerging communication systems: Structural iconicity, interactive alignment and conventionalization. Cognition, 146, 67–80. 10.1016/j.cognition.2015.09.004
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2015.09.004 [Google Scholar]
  114. Cienki, A.
    (2016) Cognitive linguistics, gesture studies, and multimodal communication. Cognitive Linguistics, 27, 603–618. 10.1515/cog‑2016‑0063
    https://doi.org/10.1515/cog-2016-0063 [Google Scholar]
  115. Clift, R.
    (2012) Identifying action: Laughter in non-humorous reported speech. Journal of Pragmatics, 44(10), 1303–1312. 10.1016/j.pragma.2012.06.005
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2012.06.005 [Google Scholar]
  116. Clore, G. L.
    (1994) Why emotions are felt. In P. Ekman & R. J. Davidson (Eds.), The nature of emotion: Fundamental questions (pp.103-111). Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  117. Coates, J.
    (2007) Talk in a play frame: More on laughter and intimacy. Journal of Pragmatics, 39, 29–49. 10.1016/j.pragma.2006.05.003
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2006.05.003 [Google Scholar]
  118. Colston, H. L.
    (2017) Irony performance and perception: What underlies verbal, situational and other ironies?In A. Athanasiadou , & H. L. Colston (Eds.), Irony in language use and communication (pp.19–42). John Benjamins. 10.1075/ftl.1.02col
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ftl.1.02col [Google Scholar]
  119. (2020) Eye-rolling, irony and embodiment. In A. Athanasiadou , & H. L. Colston (Eds.), The Diversity of irony (pp.211–235). De Gruyter Mouton. 10.1515/9783110652246‑010
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110652246-010 [Google Scholar]
  120. Colston, H. L. , & Athanasiadou, A.
    (2017) Introduction: The irony of irony. In A. Athanasiadou , & H. L. Colston (Eds.), Irony in language use and communication (pp.1–16). John Benjamins. 10.1075/ftl.1.01col
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ftl.1.01col [Google Scholar]
  121. Condon, W. S. , & Ogston, W. D.
    (1966) Sound film analysis of normal and pathological behavior patterns. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 143, 338–347. 10.1097/00005053‑196610000‑00005
    https://doi.org/10.1097/00005053-196610000-00005 [Google Scholar]
  122. Condon, W. S. , & Sander, L. W.
    (1974) Synchrony demonstrated between movements of the neonate and adult speech. Child Development, 45, 456–462. 10.2307/1127968
    https://doi.org/10.2307/1127968 [Google Scholar]
  123. Cook, M.
    (1977) Gaze and mutual gaze in social encounters: How long – and when – we look others “in the eye” is one of the main signals in nonverbal communication. American Scientist, 65(3), 328–333. https://www.jstor.org/stable/27847843.
    [Google Scholar]
  124. Cornejo, C. , Cuadros, Z. , Morales, R. , & Paredes, J.
    (2017) Interpersonal coordination: Methods, achievements, and challenges. Frontiers in Psychology, 8. 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01685
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01685 [Google Scholar]
  125. Cornejo, C. , Hurtado, E. , Cuadros, Z. , Torres-Araneda, A. , Paredes, J. , Olivares, H. , Carré, D. , & Robledo, J. P.
    (2018) Dynamics of simultaneous and imitative bodily coordination in trust and distrust. Frontiers in Psychology, 9. 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01546
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01546 [Google Scholar]
  126. Cornew, L. , Carver, L. , & Love, T.
    (2010) There’s more to emotion than meets the eye: A processing bias for neutral content in the domain of emotional prosody. Cognition and Emotion, 24(7), 1133–1152. 10.1080/02699930903247492
    https://doi.org/10.1080/02699930903247492 [Google Scholar]
  127. Coulson, S. , & Kutas, M.
    (1998) Frame-shifting and sentential integration. Cognitive Science Technical Report, 98(02).
    [Google Scholar]
  128. Coulson, S. , & Kutas, M.
    (2001) Getting it: Human event-related brain response to jokes in good and poor comprehenders. Neuroscience Letters, 316(2), 71–4. 10.1016/S0304‑3940(01)02387‑4
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-3940(01)02387-4 [Google Scholar]
  129. Coulson, S. , & Lowett, C.
    (2004) Handedness, hemispheric asymmetries, and joke comprehension. Cognitive Brain Research, 19, 275–288. 10.1016/j.cogbrainres.2003.11.015
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogbrainres.2003.11.015 [Google Scholar]
  130. Coulson, S. , Urbach, T. P. , & Kutas, M.
    (2006) Looking back: Joke comprehension and the space structuring model. HUMOR – International Journal of Humor Research, 19(3), 229–250. 10.1515/HUMOR.2006.013
    https://doi.org/10.1515/HUMOR.2006.013 [Google Scholar]
  131. Crafa, D. , Liu, J. Q. , & Brodeur, M. B.
    (2019) Social values and determinants of cultural fit in Quebec: The roles of ancestry, linguistic group, and mental health status. Frontiers in Psychology, 10.  10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00287
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00287 [Google Scholar]
  132. Crafa, D. , Schiff, J. , & Brodeur, M. B.
    (2019) Social interaction alters self-identity: Adapted methods for measuring active self-concepts. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, in review. 10.31235/osf.io/arjp7
    https://doi.org/10.31235/osf.io/arjp7 [Google Scholar]
  133. Creswell, J. W. , & Plano Clark, V.
    (2011) Designing and conducting mixed methods research. Sage Publications.
    [Google Scholar]
  134. Crivelli, C. , Carrera, P. , & Fernández-Dols, J. M.
    (2015) Are smiles a sign of happiness? Spontaneous expressions of judo winners. Evolution and Human Behavior, 36, 52–58. 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2014.08.009
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2014.08.009 [Google Scholar]
  135. Crystal, D. , & Davy, D.
    (1969) Investigating English style. Longman.
    [Google Scholar]
  136. Cummins, F.
    (2012) Gaze and blinking in dyadic conversation: A study in coordinated behaviour among individuals. Language and Cognitive Processes, 27(10), 1525-1549.
    [Google Scholar]
  137. Cutler, A.
    (1974). On saying what you mean without meaning what you say. In M. Galy , R. Fox , & A. Bruck (Eds.), Papers from the Tenth Regional Meeting, Chicago Linguistic Society (pp.117–127). Chicago Linguistic Society. https://www.mpi.nl/publications/item_76966.
    [Google Scholar]
  138. Dale, R. , Bryant, G. A. , Manson, J. H. , & Gervais, M. M.
    (2020) Body synchrony in triadic interaction. Royal Society Open Science, 7 (200095). 10.1098/rsos.200095
    https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.200095 [Google Scholar]
  139. Dale, R. , Fusaroli, R. , Håkonsson, D. , Healey, P. , Mønster, D. , McGraw, J. , Mitkidis, P. , Tylén, K.
    (2013) Beyond synchrony: Complementarity and asynchrony in joint action, Proceedings of CognSci2013, 35, 79–80.
    [Google Scholar]
  140. Davies, Christie
    . (1990) Ethnic humor around the world: A comparative analysis. Indiana University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  141. . (1998) Jokes and their relationship to society. Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  142. Davies, Christine
    . (1984) Joint joking: Improvisational humorous episodes in conversation. Proceedings of the Tenth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, 360–371. 10.3765/bls.v10i0.3177
    https://doi.org/10.3765/bls.v10i0.3177 [Google Scholar]
  143. Davitti, E. , & Pasquandrea, S.
    (2017) Embodied participation: What multimodal analysis can tell us about interpreter-mediated encounters in pedagogical settings. Journal of Pragmatics, 107, 105–128. 10.1016/j.pragma.2016.04.008
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2016.04.008 [Google Scholar]
  144. de Jongste, H.
    (2013) Negotiating humorous intent. In Dynel, M. (Ed.), Developments in linguistic humour theory (pp.179-210). John Benjamins.
    [Google Scholar]
  145. Delabarre, E. B.
    (1898) A method of recording eye-movements. The American Journal of Psychology, 9(4), 572–574.
    [Google Scholar]
  146. Dimberg, U. , & Petterson, M.
    (2000) Facial reactions to happy and angry facial expressions: evidence for right hemisphere dominance. Psychophysiology, 37(5), 693–696. 10.1111/1469‑8986.3750693
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1469-8986.3750693 [Google Scholar]
  147. Dimberg, U. , Thunberg, M. , & Elmehed, K.
    (2000) Unconscious facial reactions to emotional facial expressions. Psychological Science, 11(1), 86–89. 10.1111/1467‑9280.00221
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9280.00221 [Google Scholar]
  148. Dodd, D. K. , Russell B. L. , & Jenkins C.
    (1999) Smiling in school yearbook photos: Gender differences from kindergarten to adulthood. Psychological Research, 49, 543–553. 10.1007/BF03395325
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03395325 [Google Scholar]
  149. Doherty-Sneddon, G. , Bonner, L. , & Bruce, V.
    (2001) Cognitive demands of face monitoring: Evidence for visuospatial overload. Memory & Cognition, 29(7), 909–919. 10.3758/BF03195753
    https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03195753 [Google Scholar]
  150. Doherty-Sneddon, G. , Bruce, V. , Bonner, L. , Longbotham, S. , & Doyle, C.
    (2002) Development of gaze aversion as disengagement from visual information. Developmental Psychology, 38(3), 438–445.  10.1037/0012‑1649.38.3.438
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.38.3.438 [Google Scholar]
  151. Doherty-Sneddon, G. , & Phelps, F. G.
    (2005) Gaze aversion: A response to cognitive or social difficulty? Memory & cognition, 33(4), 727–733. 10.3758/BF03195338
    https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03195338 [Google Scholar]
  152. Dore, M.
    (2018) Controversial humour in advertising: Social and cultural implications. In Maon, F. , Lindgreen, A. , Vanhamme, J. , Angell, R. J. , & Memery, J. (Eds.), Not all claps and cheers: Humour in business and society relationships (pp.132–145). Routledge. 10.4324/9781315277288‑10
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315277288-10 [Google Scholar]
  153. (2020) Intertextuality and failed taboo humour in advertising. European Journal of Humor Research, 8(3) 99–114. 10.7592/EJHR2020.8.3.Dore
    https://doi.org/10.7592/EJHR2020.8.3.Dore [Google Scholar]
  154. Drahota, A. , Costall, A. , & Reddy, V.
    (2008) The vocal communication of different kinds of smile. Speech Communication, 50(4), 278–287. 10.1016/j.specom.2007.10.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.specom.2007.10.001 [Google Scholar]
  155. Drew, P.
    (1987) Po-faced receipts of teases. Linguistics, 25(1), 219–253. 10.1515/ling.1987.25.1.219
    https://doi.org/10.1515/ling.1987.25.1.219 [Google Scholar]
  156. Duchowski, A. T.
    (2017) Eye tracking methodology: Theory and practice. Springer.
    [Google Scholar]
  157. Duncan, S. , Brunner, L. J. , & Fiske, D. W.
    (1979) Strategy signals in face-to-face interaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37(2), 301–313. 10.1037/0022‑3514.37.2.301
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.37.2.301 [Google Scholar]
  158. Duncan, S. , & Fiske, D. W.
    (2015). Face-to-face interaction: Research, methods, and theory. (2nd ed.) Routledge. (Original work published 1977). 10.4324/9781315660998
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315660998 [Google Scholar]
  159. Dynel, M.
    (2009) Beyond a joke: Types of conversational humour. Language and Linguistics Compass, 3(5), 1284–1299. 10.1111/j.1749‑818X.2009.00152.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-818X.2009.00152.x [Google Scholar]
  160. (2017) Academics vs. American scriptwriters vs. academics: A battle over the etic and emic “sarcasm” and “irony” labels. Language and Communication, 55, 69–87. 10.1016/j.langcom.2016.07.008
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.langcom.2016.07.008 [Google Scholar]
  161. (2018) No child’s play: A philosophical pragmatic view of overt pretence as a vehicle for conversational humour. In Tsakona, V. & Chovanec, J. (Eds), The dynamics of interactional humour: Creating and negotiating humour in everyday encounters (pp.205–228). John Benjamins. 10.1075/thr.7.09dyn
    https://doi.org/10.1075/thr.7.09dyn [Google Scholar]
  162. Ehrlichman, H.
    (1981) From gaze aversion to eye-movement suppression: An investigation of the cognitive interference explanation of gaze patterns during conversation. British Journal of Social Psychology, 20(4), 233–241.  10.1111/j.2044‑8309.1981.tb00492.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8309.1981.tb00492.x [Google Scholar]
  163. Einav, S. , & Hood, B. M.
    (2008) Tell-tale eyes: children’s attribution of gaze aversion as a lying cue. Developmental Psychology, 44(6), 1655–1667. 10.1037/a0013299
    https://doi.org/10.1037/a0013299 [Google Scholar]
  164. Eisterhold, J.
    (2007) Failed humor in American discourse. Proceedings of the Paper Presented at International Society for Humor Studies, Newport.
    [Google Scholar]
  165. Eisterhold, J. , Attardo, S. , Boxer, D.
    (2006) Reactions to irony in discourse: Evidence for the least disruption principle. Journal of Pragmatics, 38(8), 1239–1256. 10.1016/j.pragma.2004.12.003
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2004.12.003 [Google Scholar]
  166. Ekman P.
    (Ed.) (1973) Darwin and facial expression: A century of research in review. Malor Books.
    [Google Scholar]
  167. Ekman, P.
    (2007). The directed facial action task: Emotional responses without appraisal. In J. A. Coan & J. J. B. Allen (Eds.), Series in affective science. Handbook of emotion elicitation and assessment (pp.47–53). Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  168. Ekman, P. , & Friesen, W. V.
    (1969) Nonverbal leakage and clues to deception. Psychiatry, 32, 88–105. 10.1080/00332747.1969.11023575
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00332747.1969.11023575 [Google Scholar]
  169. (1978) Facial action coding system. Consulting Psychologists Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  170. (1982) Felt, false, and miserable smiles. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 6(4), 238–252. 10.1007/BF00987191
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00987191 [Google Scholar]
  171. Ekman, P. , Davidson, R. J. , & Friesen, W. V.
    (1990) The Duchenne smile: Emotional expression and brain physiology II. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 342–353. 10.1037/0022‑3514.58.2.342
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.58.2.342 [Google Scholar]
  172. Ekman, P. , Friesen, W. V. , & Hager, J. C.
    (Eds.) (2002) Facial action coding system. Research Nexus.
    [Google Scholar]
  173. Ekman, P. , Rolls, E. T. , Perrett, D. I. , & Ellis, H. D.
    (1992) Facial expressions of emotion: An old controversy and new findings [and discussion]. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 335(1273), 63–69. 10.1098/rstb.1992.0008
    https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.1992.0008 [Google Scholar]
  174. Ekman, P. , Sorenson, E. R. , & Friesen, W. V.
    (1969) Pan-cultural elements in facial displays of emotion. Science, 164(3875), 86–88. 10.1126/science.164.3875.86
    https://doi.org/10.1126/science.164.3875.86 [Google Scholar]
  175. Elfenbein, H. A. , & Ambady, N.
    (2002) On the universality and cultural specificity of emotion recognition: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 128(2), 203–235.  10.1037/0033‑2909.128.2.203
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.128.2.203 [Google Scholar]
  176. El Haddad, K. , Chakravarthula, S. N. , & Kennedy, J.
    Smile and laugh dynamics in naturalistic dyadic interactions: Intensity levels, sequences and roles. In Gao, W. Eds. Proceedings of the 2019 International Conference on Multimodal Interaction (pp.259-263). Association for Computing Machinery. 10.1145/3340555.3353764.
    https://doi.org/10.1145/3340555.3353764 [Google Scholar]
  177. Emery, N. J.
    (2000) The eyes have it: The neuroethology, function and evolution of social gaze. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 24(6), 581–604. 10.1016/S0149‑7634(00)00025‑7
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0149-7634(00)00025-7 [Google Scholar]
  178. Erickson, F.
    (2004) Origins: A brief intellectual and technological history of the emergence of multimodal discourse analysis. In P. LeVine & R. Scollon (Eds.), Discourse and technology. Multimodal discourse analysis (pp.196–207). Georgetown University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  179. Ervas, F.
    (2020) How nice does it sound? An argumentative approach to the affective aspects of irony production. In Barnden, J. , & Gargett, A. (Eds.), Producing figurative expression: Theoretical, experimental and practical perspectives (pp.175–210). John Benjamins. 10.1075/ftl.10.07erv
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ftl.10.07erv [Google Scholar]
  180. Everts, E.
    (2003) Identifying a particular family humor style: A sociolinguistic discourse analysis. HUMOR – International Journal of Humor Research, 16(4), 369–412. 10.1515/humr.2003.021
    https://doi.org/10.1515/humr.2003.021 [Google Scholar]
  181. Fagel, S.
    (2010) Effects of smiling on articulation: Lips, larynx and acoustics. In A. Esposito , A. Campbell, N. , Vogel C. , Hussain A. , & Nijholt A. (Eds.), COST 2102 Int. Training School 2009, LNCS 5967 (pp.294–303). Springer-Verlag. 10.1007/978‑3‑642‑12397‑9_25
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-12397-9_25 [Google Scholar]
  182. Fernández-Dols, J. M. , & Ruiz-Belda, M. A.
    (1995) Are smiles a sign of happiness? Gold medal winners at the Olympic Games. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69(6), 1113–1119. 10.1037/0022‑3514.69.6.1113
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.69.6.1113 [Google Scholar]
  183. Ferstl, E. , Israel, L. & Putzar, L.
    (2016) Humor facilitates text comprehension: Evidence from eye movements. Discourse Processes, 54(4), 259–284. 10.1080/0163853X.2015.1131583
    https://doi.org/10.1080/0163853X.2015.1131583 [Google Scholar]
  184. File, K. A. , & Schnurr, S.
    (2019) That match was “a bit like losing your virginity”. Failed humour, face and identity construction in TV interviews with professional athletes and coaches. Journal of Pragmatics152, 132–144. 10.1016/j.pragma.2018.10.012
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2018.10.012 [Google Scholar]
  185. Filik, R. , & Moxey, L. M.
    (2010) The on-line processing of written irony. Cognition, 116, 421–436.
    [Google Scholar]
  186. Filik, R. , Leuthold, H. , Wallington, K. , & Page, J.
    (2014) Testing theories of irony processing using eye tracking and ERPs. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 40, 811–828.
    [Google Scholar]
  187. Filik, R. , Brightman, E. , Gathercole, C. , & Leuthold, H.
    (2017) The emotional impact of verbal irony: Eye tracking evidence for a two-stage process. Journal of Memory and Language, 93, 193–202.
    [Google Scholar]
  188. Filik, R. , Howman, H. , Ralph-Nearman, C. , & Giora, R.
    (2018) The role of defaultness and personality factors in sarcasm interpretation: Evidence from eye tracking during reading. Metaphor and Symbol, 33(3), 148–162.
    [Google Scholar]
  189. Fischer, A. H.
    (2001) Gender and emotion social psychological perspectives. Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  190. Flamson, T. , Bryant, G. A. , & Barrett, H. C.
    (2011) Prosody in spontaneous humor. Evidence for encryption. Pragmatics & Cognition, 19(2), 248–267. 10.1075/pc.19.2.04fla
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pc.19.2.04fla [Google Scholar]
  191. Fónagy, I.
    (1971) Synthèse de l’ironie. Phonetica, 23, 42–51. 10.1159/000259330
    https://doi.org/10.1159/000259330 [Google Scholar]
  192. Frank, M. G. , & Ekman, P.
    (1993) Not all smiles are created equal: The differences between enjoyment and nonenjoyment smiles. HUMOR – International Journal of Humor Research, 6(1), 9–26.  10.1515/humr.1993.6.1.9
    https://doi.org/10.1515/humr.1993.6.1.9 [Google Scholar]
  193. Freese, J. , Meland, S. , & Irwin, W.
    (2006) Expressions of positive emotion in photographs, personality, and later-life marital and health outcomes. Journal of Research in Personality, 41(2), 488–497. 10.1016/j.jrp.2006.05.006
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2006.05.006 [Google Scholar]
  194. Freud, S.
    (1916) Wit and its relation to the unconscious ( A. Brill , Trans). Moffat, Yard, and Company. https://archive.org/details/witanditsrelati01 brilgoog
    [Google Scholar]
  195. Fridlund, A. J.
    (1991) Sociality of solitary smiling: potentiation by an implicit audience. Journal of personality and social psychology, 60(2), 229.
    [Google Scholar]
  196. (1994) Human facial expression: An evolutionary view. San Diego, CA: Academic Press
    [Google Scholar]
  197. (2017) The behavioral ecology view of facial displays, 25 years later. In J.-M. Fernández-Dols & J. A. Russell (Eds.), The science of facial expression (pp.77–92). Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  198. Fridlund, A. J. , Kenworthy, K. G. , & Jaffey, A. K.
    (1992) Audience effects in affective imagery: Replication and extension to dysphoric imagery. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 16(3), 191-212.
    [Google Scholar]
  199. Fu, G. , Hu, C. S. , Wang, Q. , Quinn, P. C. , & Lee, K.
    (2012) Adults scan own-and other-race faces differently. PloS one, 7(6), e37688.
    [Google Scholar]
  200. Fujiwara, K. , Kimura, M. , & Daibo, I.
    (2019) Rhythmic features of movement synchrony for bonding individuals in dyadic interaction. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 44, 173–193. 10.1007/s10919‑019‑00315‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10919-019-00315-0 [Google Scholar]
  201. Fusaroli, R. , Bahrami, B. , Olsen, K. , Frith, C. D. , Roepstorff, A. , & Tylén, K.
    (2012) Coming to terms: An experimental quantification of the coordinative benefits of linguistic interaction. Psychological Science, 23(8), 931–939. 10.1177/0956797612436816
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797612436816 [Google Scholar]
  202. Fusaroli, R. , Rączaszek-Leonardi, J. , & Tylén, K.
    (2014) Dialog as interpersonal synergy. New Ideas in Psychology, 32, 147–157. 10.1016/j.newideapsych.2013.03.005
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.newideapsych.2013.03.005 [Google Scholar]
  203. Fydanaki, A. , & Geradts, Z.
    (2018) Evaluating OpenFace: an open-source automatic facial comparison algorithm for forensics. Forensic Sciences Research, 3(3), 202–209. 10.1080/20961790.2018.1523703
    https://doi.org/10.1080/20961790.2018.1523703 [Google Scholar]
  204. Garrod, S. , & Pickering, M. J.
    (2009) Joint action, interactive alignment, and dialog. Topics in Cognitive Science, 1(2), 292–304. 10.1111/j.1756‑8765.2009.01020.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-8765.2009.01020.x [Google Scholar]
  205. George, N. , & Conty, L.
    (2008) Facing the gaze of others. Neurophysiologie Clinique/Clinical Neurophysiology, 38(3), 197–207. 10.1016/j.neucli.2008.03.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neucli.2008.03.001 [Google Scholar]
  206. Gibbs, R. W.
    (1999) Intentions in the experience of meaning. Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9781139164054
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139164054 [Google Scholar]
  207. Gibbs, R. W. Jr. , Bryant, G. A. , & Colston, H. L.
    (2014) Where is the humor in verbal irony?HUMOR – International Journal of Humor Research, 27(4), 575–595. 10.1515/humor‑2014‑0106
    https://doi.org/10.1515/humor-2014-0106 [Google Scholar]
  208. Giora, R.
    (1991) On the cognitive aspects of the joke. Journal of Pragmatics, 16(5), 465–485. 10.1016/0378‑2166(91)90137‑M.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-2166(91)90137-M [Google Scholar]
  209. (1997) Understanding figurative and literal language: The graded salience hypothesis. Cognitive Linguistics, 7, 182–206.
    [Google Scholar]
  210. (2003) On our mind: Salience, context, and figurative language. Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  211. Giora, R. , Fein, O. , Kronrod, A. , Elnatan, I. , Shuval, N. , & Zur, A.
    (2004) Weapons of mass distraction: Optimal Innovation and pleasure ratings. Metaphor and Symbol, 19, 115–141. 10.1207/s15327868ms1902_2.
    https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327868ms1902_2 [Google Scholar]
  212. Giora, R. , Givoni, S. , & Fein, O.
    (2015) Defaultness reigns: The case of sarcasm. Metaphor and symbol, 30(4), 290-313.
    [Google Scholar]
  213. Girard, J. M. , Cohn, J. F. , Yin, L. , & Morency, L.-P.
    (2021) Reconsidering the Duchenne smile: Formalizing and testing hypotheses about eye constriction and positive emotion. Affective Science. 10.1007/s42761‑020‑00030‑w
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s42761-020-00030-w [Google Scholar]
  214. Girard, J. M. , Shandar, G. , Liu, Z. , Cohn, J. F. , Yin, L. , & Morency, L.-P.
    (2019) Reconsidering the Duchenne smile: indicator of positive emotion or artifact of smile intensity?Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction (ACII), 594–599. 10.1109/ACII.2019.8925535
    https://doi.org/10.1109/ACII.2019.8925535 [Google Scholar]
  215. Gironzetti, E.
    (2017a) Multimodal and eye-tracking evidence in the negotiation of pragmatic intentions in dyadic conversations: The case of humorous discourse [Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University-Commerce].
    [Google Scholar]
  216. Gironzetti, E.
    (2017b) Prosodic and multimodal markers of humor. In S. Attardo (Ed.), The Routledge handbook of language and humor (pp.400–413). Routledge. 10.4324/9781315731162‑28
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315731162-28 [Google Scholar]
  217. (2020) Eye-tracking applications for Spanish pragmatics research. In Koike, D. and Felix-Brasdefer, C. (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of Spanish pragmatics: Foundations and interfaces (pp.517–531). Routledge. 10.4324/9780429455643‑38
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429455643-38 [Google Scholar]
  218. (2021a) Multimodal resources in the co-construction of humorous discourse. In L. Czerwionka , R. Showstack , & J. Liskin-Gasparro (Eds.), Contexts of discourse: Co-construction, pragmatics, and curricular approaches (pp.115–135). Routledge. 10.4324/9781003025092‑8
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003025092-8 [Google Scholar]
  219. Gironzetti, E. , Attardo, S. , & Pickering, L.
    (2016a) Smiling, gaze, and humor in conversation. A pilot study. In Ruíz Gurillo, L. (Ed.), Metapragmatics of humor: Current research trends (pp.235–254). John Benjamins. 10.1075/ivitra.14.12gir
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ivitra.14.12gir [Google Scholar]
  220. (2018) Smiling and the negotiation of humor in conversation. Discourse Processes, 56(7), 496–512. 10.1080/0163853X.2018.1512247
    https://doi.org/10.1080/0163853X.2018.1512247 [Google Scholar]
  221. Gironzetti, E. , Pickering, L. , Huang, M. , Zhang, Y. , Menjo, S. , & Attardo, S.
    (2016b) Smiling synchronicity and gaze patterns in dyadic humorous conversations. HUMOR – International Journal of Humor Research, 29(2), 301–324. 10.1515/humor‑2016‑0005
    https://doi.org/10.1515/humor-2016-0005 [Google Scholar]
  222. Glenberg, A. M. , Schroeder, J. L. , & Robertson, D. A.
    (1998) Averting the gaze disengages the environment and facilitates remembering. Memory & cognition, 26(4), 651–658. 10.3758/BF03211385
    https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03211385 [Google Scholar]
  223. Glenn, P. , & Holt, E.
    (2013) Studies of laughter in interaction. Bloomsbury. 10.5040/9781472542069
    https://doi.org/10.5040/9781472542069 [Google Scholar]
  224. Goddard, C. , & Mullan, K.
    (2019) Explicating verbs for “laughing with other people” in French and English (and why it matters for humour studies). HUMOR – International Journal of Humor Research, 33(1), 55–77. 10.1515/humor‑2017‑0114
    https://doi.org/10.1515/humor-2017-0114 [Google Scholar]
  225. Godfroid, A.
    (2019) Eye tracking in second language acquisition and bilingualism: A research synthesis and methodological guide. Routledge. 10.4324/9781315775616
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315775616 [Google Scholar]
  226. Goffman, E.
    (1967) Interactional ritual: Essays in face-to-face behavior. Doubleday.
    [Google Scholar]
  227. (1974) Frame analysis: An essay on the organization of experience. Harvard University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  228. (1981) Forms of talk. University of Pennsylvania Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  229. Goldin-Meadow, S.
     (2005). Hearing gesture: How our hands help us think. Harvard University Press. 10.2307/j.ctv1w9m9ds
    https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctv1w9m9ds [Google Scholar]
  230. Goldstein, J. H. , & McGhee, P. E.
    (Eds.) (1972) The psychology of humor: Theoretical perspectives and empirical issues. Academic Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  231. Golland, Y. , Arzouan, Y. , & Levit-Binnun, N.
    (2015) The mere co-presence: Synchronization of autonomic signals and emotional responses across co-present individuals not engaged in direct interaction. PLOS ONE, 10(5), e0125804. 10.1371/journal.pone.0125804
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0125804 [Google Scholar]
  232. Gonzaga, G. C. , Turner, R. A. , Keltner, D. , Campos, B. , & Altemus, M.
    (2006) Romantic love and sexual desire in close relationships. Emotion, 6(2), 163.
    [Google Scholar]
  233. González-Fuente, S. , Escandell-Vidal, V. , & Prieto, P.
    (2015) Gestural codas pave the way to the understanding of verbal irony. Journal of Pragmatics, 90, 26–47. 10.1016/j.pragma.2015.10.002
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2015.10.002 [Google Scholar]
  234. Grant, E. C.
    (1969) Human facial expression. Man, 4, 525–536. 10.2307/2798193
    https://doi.org/10.2307/2798193 [Google Scholar]
  235. Green, M.
    (2019) Organic meaning: An approach to communication with minimal appeal to minds. In Capone A. , Carapezza M. , Lo Piparo F. (Eds), Further advances in pragmatics and philosophy: Theories and Applications: Part 2 Theories and Applications. Perspectives in Pragmatics, Philosophy & Psychology, vol20. Springer. 10.1007/978‑3‑030‑00973‑1_12
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-00973-1_12 [Google Scholar]
  236. (2010) Précis of self-expression (Oxford, 2007). Acta Analitica, 25, 65–69. 10.1007/s12136‑009‑0082‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s12136-009-0082-0 [Google Scholar]
  237. Gregory, S. W. , & Webster, S.
    (1996) A nonverbal signal in voices of interview partners effectively predicts communication accommodation and social status perceptions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(6), 1231–1240. 10.1037/0022‑3514.70.6.1231
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.70.6.1231 [Google Scholar]
  238. Grice, H. P.
    (1989) Studies in the way of words. Harvard University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  239. Guastello, S. J. , Pincus, D. , & Gunderson, P. R.
    (2006) Electrodermal arousal between participants in a conversation: nonlinear dynamics and linkage effects. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, 10(3), 365–399.
    [Google Scholar]
  240. Gulas, C. S. , & Weinberger, M. G.
    (2006) Humour in advertising: A comprehensive analysis. M. E. Sharpe.
    [Google Scholar]
  241. Gullberg, M. , & Kita, S.
    (2009) Attention to speech-accompanying gestures: Eye movements and information uptake. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 33(4), 251–277. 10.1007/s10919‑009‑0073‑2
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10919-009-0073-2 [Google Scholar]
  242. Gumperz, J. J.
    (1964) Linguistic and social interaction in two communities. American Anthropologist, 66(6), 137–53.
    [Google Scholar]
  243. Gunnery, S. D. , & Hall, J. A.
    (2014) The Duchenne smile and persuasion. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 38(2), 181–194. 10.1007/s10919‑014‑0177‑1
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10919-014-0177-1 [Google Scholar]
  244. Gunnery, S. D. , & Ruben, M. A.
    (2016) Perceptions of Duchenne and non-Duchenne smiles: A meta-analysis. Cognition and Emotion, 30(3), 501–515. 10.1080/02699931.2015.1018817.
    https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2015.1018817 [Google Scholar]
  245. Gunnery, S. D. , Hall, J. A. , & Ruben, M. A.
    (2013) The deliberate Duchenne smile: Individual differences in expressive control. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 37, 29–41. 10.1007/s10919‑012‑0139‑4
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10919-012-0139-4 [Google Scholar]
  246. Günther, U. K.
    (2003) What’s in a laugh? Humour, jokes and laughter in the conversational corpus of the BNC [Doctoral dissertation, University of Freiburg].
    [Google Scholar]
  247. Haakana, M.
    (2010). Laughter and smiling: Notes on co-occurrences. Journal of Pragmatics, 41, 1499–1512.  10.1016/j.pragma.2010.01.010
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2010.01.010 [Google Scholar]
  248. Haensel, J. X. , Danvers, M. , Ishikawa, M. , Itakura, S. Tucciarelli, R. , Smith, T. J. , & Senju, A.
    (2020). Culture modulates face scanning during dyadic social interactions. Nature Scientific Reports, 10, 1958. 10.1038/s41598‑020‑58802‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-58802-0 [Google Scholar]
  249. Haiman, J.
    (1998) Talk is cheap: Sarcasm, alienation, and the evolution of language. Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  250. Hall, J. A.
    (1984) Nonverbal sex differences: Communication accuracy and expressive style. Johns Hopkins University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  251. (2006). Women’s and men’s nonverbal communication: Similarities, differences, stereotypes, and origins. In V. Manusov & M. L. Patterson (Eds.), The Sage handbook of nonverbal communication  (pp.201–218). Sage Publications. 10.4135/9781412976152.n11
    https://doi.org/10.4135/9781412976152.n11 [Google Scholar]
  252. Hall, J. A. , & Halberstadt, A. G.
    (1986) Smiling and gazing. In J. S. Hyde & M. C. Inn (Eds.), The psychology of gender: Advances through meta-analysis (pp.136–185). Johns Hopkins University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  253. Hansen, Z. , Niedenthal, P. , Martin, J. , & Wood, A.
    (2020) Gender differences in the form and function of naturally occurring smiles. 10.31234/osf.io/6j5pm
    https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/6j5pm [Google Scholar]
  254. Harker, L. , & Keltner, D.
    (2001) Expression of positive emotion in women’s college yearbook pictures and their relationship to personality and life outcomes across adulthood. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80(1), 112–124. 10.1037/0022‑3514.80.1.112
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.80.1.112 [Google Scholar]
  255. Harris, C. R. , & Alvarado, N.
    (2005) Facial expressions, smile types, and self-report during humour, tickle, and pain. Cognition & Emotion, 19, 655–669. 10.1080/02699930441000472
    https://doi.org/10.1080/02699930441000472 [Google Scholar]
  256. Hasson, U. , Ghazanfar, A. A. , Galantucci, B. , Garrod, S. , & Keysers, C.
    (2012) Brain-to-brain coupling: a mechanism for creating and sharing a social world. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 16(2), 114–121. 10.1016/j.tics.2011.12.007
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2011.12.007 [Google Scholar]
  257. Hatasa, K.
    (2012) Integrating “Rakugo” and “Kobanashi” in Japanese language classes at different levels. Japanese Language and Literature, 46(1), 201–215. https://www.jstor.org/stable/41442051.
    [Google Scholar]
  258. Hatzithomas, L. , Boutsouki, C. & Zotos, Y.
    (2016) The role of economic conditions on humour generation and attitude towards humorous TV commercials. HUMOR – International Journal of Humour Research, 29(4), pp.483–505. 10.1515/humor‑2015‑0111
    https://doi.org/10.1515/humor-2015-0111 [Google Scholar]
  259. Haugh, M. , & Bousfield, D.
    (2012) Mock impoliteness, jocular mockery and jocular abuse in Australian and British English. Journal of Pragmatics, 44(9), 1099–1114. 10.1016/j.pragma.2012.02.003
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2012.02.003 [Google Scholar]
  260. Haugh, M.
    (2008) The place of intention in the interactional achievement of implicature. In I. Kecskes , & J. Mey (Eds.), Intention, common ground and the egocentric speaker-hearer (pp.45–86). Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  261. Haviland, J. M.
    (1977) Sex-related pragmatics in infants’ nonverbal communication. Journal of Communication, 27(2), 80–84. 10.1111/j.1460‑2466.1977.tb01830.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2466.1977.tb01830.x [Google Scholar]
  262. Hay, J.
    (1994a) Humour support strategies and failed humour. InProceedings of the First Annual New Zealand Post-Graduate Student Conference: Speaking for Ourselves. Victoria, University of Wellington, December 1994.
    [Google Scholar]
  263. (1994b) Jocular abuse patterns in mixed-group interaction. Wellington Working Papers in Linguistics, 6, 26–55.
    [Google Scholar]
  264. (1995) Gender and humour: Beyond a joke [Master’s thesis, Victoria University of Wellington].
    [Google Scholar]
  265. (2001) The pragmatics of humor support. HUMOR – International Journal of Humor Research, 14(1), 55–82. 10.1515/humr.14.1.55
    https://doi.org/10.1515/humr.14.1.55 [Google Scholar]
  266. Hayward, D. A. , Voorhies, W. , Morris, J. L. , Capozzi, F. , & Ristic, J.
    (2017) Staring reality in the face: A comparison of social attention across laboratory and real-world measures suggests little common ground. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology/Revue canadienne de psychologie expérimentale, 71(3), 212–225. 10.1037/cep0000117
    https://doi.org/10.1037/cep0000117 [Google Scholar]
  267. Heerey, E. A. , & Crossley, H. M.
    (2013) Predictive and reactive mechanisms in smile reciprocity. Psychological Science, 24(8), 1446–1455. 10.1177/0956797612472203
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797612472203 [Google Scholar]
  268. Heerey, E. A. , & Kring, A. M.
    (2007) Interpersonal consequences of social anxiety. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 116(1), 125–134. 10.1037/0021‑843X.116.1.125
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.116.1.125 [Google Scholar]
  269. Hering, E.
    (1879) Über Muskelgeräusche des Auges. [‘On muscle sounds of the eye’]. Sitzungsberichte der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien. Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Klasse, 3(79), 137–154.
    [Google Scholar]
  270. Hertenstein, M. J. , Hansel, C. A. , Butts A. M. , & Hile S. N.
    (2009) Smile intensity in photographs predicts divorce later in life. Motivation and Emotion, 33(2), 99–105. 10.1007/s11031‑009‑9124‑6
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s11031-009-9124-6 [Google Scholar]
  271. Hess, U. , & Blairy, S.
    (2001) Facial mimicry and emotional contagion to dynamic emotional facial expressions and their influence on decoding accuracy. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 40(2), 129–141. 10.1016/S0167‑8760(00)00161‑6
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-8760(00)00161-6 [Google Scholar]
  272. Hess, U. , & Bourgeois, P.
    (2010) You smile–I smile: Emotion expression in social interaction. Biological Psychology, 84(3), 514–520. 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2009.11.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2009.11.001 [Google Scholar]
  273. Hess, U. , Banse, R. , & Kappas, A.
    (1995) The intensity of facial expression is determined by underlying affective state and social situation. Journal of personality and social psychology, 69(2), 280.
    [Google Scholar]
  274. Hess, U. , Senécal, S. , Kirouac, G. , Herrera, P. , Philippot, P. , & Kleck, R. E.
    (2000) Emotional expressivity in men and women: Stereotypes and self-perceptions. Cognition & Emotion, 14(5), 609-642.
    [Google Scholar]
  275. Hess, U. , Adams, R. B. , Grammer, K. , & Kleck, R. E.
    (2009) Face gender and emotion expression: Are angry women more like men?. Journal of Vision, 9(12), 19-19.
    [Google Scholar]
  276. Hessels, R. S.
    (2020) How does gaze to faces support face-to-face interaction? A review and perspective. Psychonomic Bulletin Review, 27, 856–881. 10.3758/s13423‑020‑01715‑w
    https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-020-01715-w [Google Scholar]
  277. Hessels, R. S. , Niehorster, D. C. , Nyström, M. , Andersson, R. , & Hooge, I. T. C.
    (2018) Is the eye-movement field confused about fixations and saccades? A survey among 124 researchers. Royal Society Open Science, 5, 180502. 10.1098/rsos.180502
    https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.180502 [Google Scholar]
  278. Hills, P. J. , Ross, D. A. , & Lewis, M. B.
    (2011) Attention misplaced: The role of diagnostic features in the face-inversion effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 37(5), 1396–1406. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1037/a0024247.
    [Google Scholar]
  279. Hinsz, V. B. , & Tomhave, J. A.
    (1991) Smile and (half ) the world smiles with you, frown and you frown alone. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 17, 586–92. 10.1177/0146167291175014
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167291175014 [Google Scholar]
  280. Ho, S. , Foulsham, T. , & Kingstone, A.
    (2015) Speaking and listening with the eyes: gaze signaling during dyadic interactions. PloS one, 10(8), e0136905. 10.1371/journal.pone.0136905
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136905 [Google Scholar]
  281. Hockett, C. F.
    (1977) Jokes. In Hockett, C. F. (Ed), The view from language, Selected essays. University of Georgia Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  282. Holler, J. , & Bavelas, J.
    (2017). Multi-modal communication of common ground: A review of social functions. In R. B. Church , M. W. Alibali , & S. D. Kelly (Eds.), Why gesture? How the hands function in speaking, thinking and communicating (pp.213–240). John Benjamins. 10.1075/gs.7.11hol
    https://doi.org/10.1075/gs.7.11hol [Google Scholar]
  283. Holler, J. , Kendrick, K. H. & Levinson, S. C.
    (2018) Processing language in face-to-face conversation: Questions with gestures get faster responses. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 25, 1900–1908. 10.3758/s13423‑017‑1363‑z
    https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-017-1363-z [Google Scholar]
  284. Holmes, J. , & Hay, J.
    (1997) Humour as an ethnic boundary marker in New Zealand interaction. Journal of Intercultural Studies, 18(2), 127–151. 10.1080/07256868.1997.9963447
    https://doi.org/10.1080/07256868.1997.9963447 [Google Scholar]
  285. Holmqvist, K. , Nyström, M. , Andersson, R. , Dewhurst, R. , Jarodzka, H. , & Van de Weijer, J.
    (2011). Eye tracking: A comprehensive guide to methods and measures. Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  286. Hove, M. J. , & Risen, J. L.
    (2009) It’s all in the timing: Interpersonal synchrony increases affiliation. Social Cognition, 27, 949–960. 10.1521/soco.2009.27.6.949
    https://doi.org/10.1521/soco.2009.27.6.949 [Google Scholar]
  287. Hsiao, J. H.-W. , & Cottrell, G.
    (2008) Two fixations suffice in face recognition. Psychological Science, 19(10), 998–1006. 10.1111/j.1467‑9280.2008.02191.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02191.x [Google Scholar]
  288. Hsu, H. C. , Brône, G. , & Feyaerts, K.
    (2020) When gesture “takes over”: Speech-embedded nonverbal depictions in multimodal interaction. Frontiers in Psychology, 11 3169 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.552533
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.552533 [Google Scholar]
  289. Hu, C. , Wang, Q. , Fu, G. , Quinn, P. C. , & Lee, K.
    (2014) Both children and adults scan faces of own and other races differently. Vision research, 102, 1-10.
    [Google Scholar]
  290. Huey, E. B.
    (1900) On the psychology and physiology of reading. The American Journal of Psychology, 11(3), 283–302.
    [Google Scholar]
  291. Huey, E. B.
    (1989) Preliminary experiments in the physiology and psychology of reading. The American Journal of Psychology, 9(4), 575–586.
    [Google Scholar]
  292. Hymes, D.
    (1972) Models of the Interaction of Language. Language, Culture and Society, 189-223.
    [Google Scholar]
  293. Ikeda, K. , & Bysouth, D.
    (2013) Laughter and turn-taking: Warranting next speakership in multiparty interactions. In P. J. Glenn & E. Holt (Eds.), Studies of laughter in interaction (pp.39–64). Bloomsbury Academic. 10.5040/9781472542069.ch‑003
    https://doi.org/10.5040/9781472542069.ch-003 [Google Scholar]
  294. Izard, C. E.
    (1997). Emotions and facial expressions: A perspective from differential emotions theory. In J. A. Russell & J. M. Fernández-Dols (Eds.), Studies in emotion and social interaction, 2nd series. The psychology of facial expression (p.57–77). Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511659911.005
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511659911.005 [Google Scholar]
  295. Jack, R. E. , Blais, C. , Scheepers, C. , Schyns, P. G. , & Caldara, R.
    (2009) Cultural confusions show that facial expressions are not universal. Current Biology, 19(18), 1543-1548.
    [Google Scholar]
  296. Jakonen, T. , & Evnitskaya, N.
    (2020) Teacher smiles as an interactional and pedagogical resource in the classroom. Journal of Pragmatics, 163, 18–31. 10.1016/j.pragma.2020.04.005
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2020.04.005 [Google Scholar]
  297. Jansen, N. , & Chen, A.
    (2020) Prosodic encoding of sarcasm at the sentence level in Dutch. In N. Minematsu (Ed.), Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Speech Prosody2020 (pp.409–413). 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2020‑84
    https://doi.org/10.21437/SpeechProsody.2020-84 [Google Scholar]
  298. Javal, L. É.
    (1879) Essai sur la physiologie de la lecture. Annales d’Oculistique, 82, 242–253.
    [Google Scholar]
  299. Jefferson, G.
    (1979) A technique for inviting laughter and its subsequent acceptance declination. In G. Psathas (Ed.), Everyday language: Studies in ethnomethodology (pp.79–96). Irvington Publishers.
    [Google Scholar]
  300. (1984) On the organization of laughter in talk about trouble. In Atkinson, J. M. , & Heritage, J. C.   (Eds.), Structures of social action: Studies in conversation analysis (pp.346–369). Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  301. Jefferson, G. , Sacks, H. , & Schegloff, E.
    (1987) Notes on laughter in the pursuit of intimacy. In G. Button & J. R. E. Lee (Eds.), Talk and social organisation (pp.152–205). Multilingual Matters.
    [Google Scholar]
  302. (1978) Notes on laughter in the pursuit of intimacy. In G. Button & J. R. E. Lee (Eds.), Talk and Social Organisation (pp.152–205). Multilingual Matters.
    [Google Scholar]
  303. Jefferson, G. , Sacks, H. , & Schegloff, E. A.
    (1977) Preliminary notes on the sequential organization of laughter. Pragmatics Microfiche. Cambridge University Department of Linguistics. liso-archives.liso.ucsb.edu/Jefferson/Laughter_Prelim_Notes.pdf.
    [Google Scholar]
  304. Jehoul, A. , Brône, G. , & Feyaerts, K.
    (2017) The shrug as marker of obviousness: Corpus evidence from Dutch face-to-face conversations. Linguistics Vanguard, 3(s1), 20160082. 10.1515/lingvan‑2016‑0082
    https://doi.org/10.1515/lingvan-2016-0082 [Google Scholar]
  305. Jensen, M.
    (2015) Smile as feedback expressions in interpersonal interaction. International Journal of Psychological Studies, 7(4), 95–105. 10.5539/ijps.v7n4p95
    https://doi.org/10.5539/ijps.v7n4p95 [Google Scholar]
  306. Jokinen K.
    (2010) Pointing gestures and synchronous communication management. In Esposito A. , Campbell, N. , Vogel C. , Hussain A. , Nijholt A. (Eds), Development of multimodal interfaces: Active listening and synchrony (pp.33–49). Springer. 10.1007/978‑3‑642‑12397‑9_3
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-12397-9_3 [Google Scholar]
  307. Jokinen, K. , Furukawa, H. , Nishida, M. , & Yamamoto, S.
    (2013) Gaze and turn-taking behavior in casual conversational interactions. ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems (TiiS), 3(2), 1-30.
    [Google Scholar]
  308. Jones, S. S. , Collins, K. , & Hong, H. W.
    (1991) An audience effect on smile production in 10-month-old infants. Psychological Science, 2(1), 45-49.
    [Google Scholar]
  309. Kaakinen, J. K. , Olkoniemi, H. , Kinnari, T. , & Hyönä, J.
    (2014) Processing of written irony: An eye movement study. Discourse Processes, 51(4), 287-311.
    [Google Scholar]
  310. Kaczmarek, L. D. , Behnke, M. , Kashdan, T. B. , Kusiak, A. , Marzec, K. , Mistrzak, M. , & Włodarczyk, M.
    (2018) Smile intensity in social networking profile photographs is related to greater scientific achievements. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 13(5), 435-439.
    [Google Scholar]
  311. Kadooka, K.
    (2012) An acoustic analysis of the punch line paratone in the Japanese Kobanashi stories. The Ryukoku Journal of Humanities and Sciences, 33(2), 17–37.
    [Google Scholar]
  312. Kang, O. , Rubin, D. , & Pickering, L.
    (2010) Suprasegmental measures of accentedness and judgments of language learner proficiency in oral English. Modern Language Journal, 94(4), 554–566. 10.1111/j.1540‑4781.2010.01091.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4781.2010.01091.x [Google Scholar]
  313. Kaukomaa, T. , Peräkylä, A. , & Ruusuvuori, J.
    (2013) Turn-opening smiles: Facial expression constructing emotional transition in conversation. Journal of Pragmatics, 55, 21–42. 10.1016/j.pragma.2013.05.006
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2013.05.006 [Google Scholar]
  314. Kayyal, M. , Widen, S. , & Russell, J. A.
    (2015) Context is more powerful than we think: Contextual cues override facial cues even for valence. Emotion, 15(3), 287.
    [Google Scholar]
  315. Kawahara, T. , Iwatate, T. , & Takanashi, K.
    (2012) Prediction of turn-taking by combining prosodic and eye-gaze information in poster conversations. InThirteenth Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association. citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=
    [Google Scholar]
  316. Keltner, D.
    (1995) Signs of appeasement: Evidence for the distinct displays of embarrassment, amusement, and shame. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68(3), 441–454. 10.1037/0022‑3514.68.3.441
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.68.3.441 [Google Scholar]
  317. Keltner, D. , & Cordaro, D. T.
    (2017) Understanding multimodal emotional expressions: Recent advances in basic emotion theory. In J.-M. Fernández-Dols & J. A. Russell (Eds.), The science of facial expression (pp. 57–76). Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  318. Keltner, D. , & Kring, A. M.
    (1998) Emotion, social function, and psychopathology. Review of General Psychology, 2(3), 320-342.
    [Google Scholar]
  319. Keltner, D. , & Lerner, J. S.
    (2010) Emotion. In S. T. Fiske , D. T. Gilbert , & G. Lindzey (Eds.), Handbook of social psychology (pp. 317–352). John Wiley & Sons.
    [Google Scholar]
  320. Kendon, A.
    (1967) Some functions of gaze-direction in social interaction. Acta Psychologica, 26(1), 22–63.
    [Google Scholar]
  321. (1970) Movement coordination in social interaction: some example described. Acta Psychologica, 32, 100–125. 10.1016/0001‑6918(70)90094‑6
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-6918(70)90094-6 [Google Scholar]
  322. Kendrick, K. H. , & Holler, J.
    (2017) Gaze direction signals response preference in conversation. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 50(1), 12–32. 10.1080/08351813.2017.1262120
    https://doi.org/10.1080/08351813.2017.1262120 [Google Scholar]
  323. Kesey, K.
    (1962) One flew over the cuckoo’s nest. Signet.
    [Google Scholar]
  324. Kingstone, A.
    (2009) Taking a real look at social attention. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 19, 52–56. 10.1016/j.conb.2009.05.004
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conb.2009.05.004 [Google Scholar]
  325. Kleinke, C. L.
    (1986) Gaze and eye contact: A research review. Psychological bulletin, 100(1), 78. 10.1037/0033‑2909.100.1.78
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.100.1.78 [Google Scholar]
  326. Knackstedt, G. , & Kleinke, C. L.
    (1991) Eye contact, gender, and personality judgments. The Journal of social psychology, 131(2), 303-304.
    [Google Scholar]
  327. Koban, L. , Ramamoorthy, A. , & Konvalinka, I.
    (2019) Why do we fall into sync with others? Interpersonal synchronization and the brain’s optimization principle. Social Neuroscience, 14(1) 1–9. 10.1080/17470919.2017.1400463
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2017.1400463 [Google Scholar]
  328. Koike, D. , & Czerwionka, L.
    (2016) Diálogo. In J. Gutiérrez-Rexach (Ed.), Enciclopedia lingüística hispánica, Vol.2 (pp.405–412). Routledge. 10.4324/9781315713441‑109
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315713441-109 [Google Scholar]
  329. Koike, D.
    (2012) Variation in NS-learner interactions. Frames and expectations in pragmatic co-construction. In C. Felix-Brasdefer & D. Koike (Eds.), Pragmatic variation in first and second language contexts: Methodological issues (pp.175–208). John Benjamins. 10.1075/impact.31.07koi
    https://doi.org/10.1075/impact.31.07koi [Google Scholar]
  330. Kok, K. I. , & Cienki, A.
    (2016) Cognitive grammar and gesture: Points of convergence, advances and challenges. Cognitive Linguistics, 27(1), 67–100. 10.1515/cog‑2015‑0087
    https://doi.org/10.1515/cog-2015-0087 [Google Scholar]
  331. Kotthoff, H.
    (2000) Gender and joking: On the complexities of women’s image politics in humorous narratives. Journal of Pragmatics, 32(1), 55–80. 10.1016/S0378‑2166(99)00031‑4
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(99)00031-4 [Google Scholar]
  332. (2003) Responding to irony in different contexts: On cognition and conversation. Journal of Pragmatics, 35, 1387–1411. 10.1016/S0378‑2166(02)00182‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(02)00182-0 [Google Scholar]
  333. (2009) Joint construction of humorous fictions in conversation. An unnamed narrative activity in a playful keying. Journal of Literary Theory, 3(2), 195–218. 10.1515/JLT.2009.012
    https://doi.org/10.1515/JLT.2009.012 [Google Scholar]
  334. Koutsombogera, M. , & Papageorgiou, H.
    (2010) Linguistic and non-verbal cues for the induction of silent feedback. In Esposito A. , Campbell, N. , Vogel C. , Hussain A. , Nijholt A. (Eds), Development of multimodal interfaces: Active listening and synchrony (pp.327–336). Springer. 10.1007/978‑3‑642‑12397‑9_28
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-12397-9_28 [Google Scholar]
  335. Kraut, R. E. , & Johnston, R. E.
    (1979) Social and emotional messages of smiling: an ethological approach. Journal of personality and social psychology, 37(9), 1539.
    [Google Scholar]
  336. Kreuz, R. J.
    (1996) The use of verbal irony: Cues and constraints. In Mio, J. S. , & Katz, A. N. (Eds.). Metaphor: Implications and applications (pp.23–38). Lawrence Erlbaum.
    [Google Scholar]
  337. Kreuz, R. J. , & Glucksberg, S.
    (1989) How to be sarcastic: The echoic reminder theory of verbal irony. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 118(4), 374–386. 10.1037/0096‑3445.118.4.374
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0096-3445.118.4.374 [Google Scholar]
  338. Kreuz, R. J. , & Roberts, R. M.
    (1995) Two cues to verbal irony: Hyperbole and the ironic tone of voice. Metaphor and Symbolic Activity, 10(1), 21–31. 10.1207/s15327868ms1001_3
    https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327868ms1001_3 [Google Scholar]
  339. Kreuz, R. J. , Kassler, M. A. , Coppenrath, L. , & Allen, B. M.
    (1999) Tag questions and common ground effects in the perception of verbal irony. Journal of Pragmatics, 31(12), 1685–1700. 10.1016/S0378‑2166(99)00010‑7
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(99)00010-7 [Google Scholar]
  340. Kreuz, R. , & Caucci, G.
    (2007) Lexical influences in the perception of sarcasm. In A. Feldman & X Lu (Eds), Proceedings of the Workshop on Computational Approaches to Figurative Language (pp.1–4). Association for Computational Linguistics. 10.3115/1611528.1611529
    https://doi.org/10.3115/1611528.1611529 [Google Scholar]
  341. Krumhuber, E. G. , & Manstead, A. S. R.
    (2009) Can Duchenne smiles be feigned? New evidence on felt and false smiles. Emotion, 9(6), 807–820. 10.1037/a0017844
    https://doi.org/10.1037/a0017844 [Google Scholar]
  342. Krys, K. , Vauclair, C. M. , Capaldi, C. A. , Miu-Chi Lun, V. , Harris Bond, M. , Domínguez-Espinosa, A. , Torres, C. , Lipp, O. V. , Manickam, L. S. S. , Xing, C. , Antalíková, R. , Pavlopoulos, V. , Teyssier, J. , Hur, T. , Hansen, K. , Szarota, P. , Ahmed, R. A. , Burtceva, E. , Chkhaidze, A. , … Arriola Yu, A.
    (2016) Be careful where you smile: Culture shapes judgments of intelligence and honesty of smiling individuals. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 40, 101–116. 10.1007/s10919‑015‑0226‑4
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10919-015-0226-4 [Google Scholar]
  343. Kuipers, G.
    (2011/2015) Good humor, bad taste: A sociology of the joke. Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  344. Kunz, M. , Prkachin, K. , & Lautenbacher, S.
    (2009) The smile of pain. Pain, 145(3), 273–275. 10.1016/j.pain.2009.04.009
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pain.2009.04.009 [Google Scholar]
  345. LaFrance, M. , Hecht, M. A. , & Paluck, E. L.
    (2003) The contingent smile: a meta-analysis of sex differences in smiling. Psychological bulletin, 129(2), 305.
    [Google Scholar]
  346. Laineste, L.
    (2013) Funny or aggressive? Failed humour in internet comments. Folklore: Electronic Journal of Folklore, 53, 29–46. 10.7592/FEJF2013.53.laineste
    https://doi.org/10.7592/FEJF2013.53.laineste [Google Scholar]
  347. Lakin, J. L. , & Chartrand, T. L.
    (2003) Using nonconscious behavioral mimicry to create affiliation and rapport. Psychological Science, 14(4), 334–339. 10.1111/1467‑9280.14481
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9280.14481 [Google Scholar]
  348. Lamare, M.
    (1892) Des mouvements des yeux dans la lecture. Bulletins et Mémoires de la Société Française d’Ophtalmologie, 10, 354–364.
    [Google Scholar]
  349. Larkin-Galiñanes, C.
    (2017) An overview of humor theory. In Attardo, S. (Ed.), The Routledge handbook of language and humor (pp.4–16). Routledge. 10.4324/9781315731162‑2
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315731162-2 [Google Scholar]
  350. Laval, V. , & Bert-Erboul, A.
    (2005) French-speaking children’s understanding of sarcasm: The role of intonation and context. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 48, 610–620. 10.1044/1092‑4388(2005/042)
    https://doi.org/10.1044/1092-4388(2005/042) [Google Scholar]
  351. Leggitt, J. S. , & Gibbs, R. W.
    (2000) Emotional reactions to verbal irony. Discourse Processes, 29, 1–24. 10.1207/S15326950dp2901_1
    https://doi.org/10.1207/S15326950dp2901_1 [Google Scholar]
  352. Lehtimaja, I.
    (2011) Teacher-oriented address terms in students’ reproach turns. Linguistics and Education, 22(4), 348–363. 10.1016/j.linged.2011.02.008
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.linged.2011.02.008 [Google Scholar]
  353. Levine, M. H. , & Sutton-Smith, B.
    (1973) Effects of age, sex, and task on visual behavior during dyadic interaction. Developmental Psychology, 9(3), 400.
    [Google Scholar]
  354. Louwerse, M. M. , Dale, R. , Bard, E. G. , & Jeuniaux, P.
    (2012) Behavior matching in multimodal communication is synchronized. Cognitive Science, 36(8), 1404–1426. 10.1111/j.1551‑6709.2012.01269.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1551-6709.2012.01269.x [Google Scholar]
  355. Lumsden, J. , Miles, L. K. , Richardson, M. J. , Smith, C. A. , & Macrae, C. N.
    (2012) Who syncs? Social motives and interpersonal coordination. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48(3), 746–751. 10.1016/j.jesp.2011.12.007
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2011.12.007 [Google Scholar]
  356. Lynn, J. G.
    (1940) An apparatus and method for stimulating, recording and measuring facial expression. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 27(1), 81–88. 10.1037/h0058093
    https://doi.org/10.1037/h0058093 [Google Scholar]
  357. Lyttle, J.
    (2001) The effectiveness of humor in persuasion: The case of business ethics training. The Journal of General Psychology, 128(2), 206–216. 10.1080/00221300109598908
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00221300109598908 [Google Scholar]
  358. Macdonald, R. G. , & Tatler, B. W.
    (2018) Gaze in a real-world social interaction: A dual eye-tracking study. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71(10), 2162–2173. 10.1177/1747021817739221
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1747021817739221 [Google Scholar]
  359. Mackie, D. M. , Silver, L. , & Smith, E. R.
    (2004) Emotion as an intergroup phenomenon. In Tiedens, L. , & Leach, C. W. (Eds.), The social life of emotions (pp.227-245). Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  360. Macrae, C. N. , Duffy, O. K. , Miles, L. K. , & Lawrence, J.
    (2008) A case of hand waving: Action synchrony and person perception. Cognition, 109(1), 152–156. 10.1016/j.cognition.2008.07.007
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2008.07.007 [Google Scholar]
  361. Mak, B. C. N. , Liu, Y. , & Deneen, C. C.
    (2012) Humor in the workplace: A regulating and coping mechanism in socialization. Discourse & Communication, 6(2), 163–179. 10.1177/1750481312437445
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1750481312437445 [Google Scholar]
  362. Mantovan, L. , Giustolisi, B. , & Panzeri, F.
    (2019) Signing something while meaning its opposite: The expression of irony in Italian Sign Language (LIS). Journal of Pragmatics, 142, 47-61.
    [Google Scholar]
  363. Marinkovic, K. , Baldwin, S. , Courtney, M. G. , Witzel, T. , Dale, A. M. , & Halgren, E.
    (2011) Right hemisphere has the last laugh: Neural dynamics of joke appreciation. Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience, 11(1), 113–130.  10.3758/s13415‑010‑0017‑7
    https://doi.org/10.3758/s13415-010-0017-7 [Google Scholar]
  364. Markson, L. , & Paterson, K. B.
    (2009) Effects of gaze-aversion on visual-spatial imagination. British Journal of Psychology, 100(3), 553–563. 10.1348/000712608X371762
    https://doi.org/10.1348/000712608X371762 [Google Scholar]
  365. Martin, J. D. , Wood, A. , Cox, W. T. L. , Sievert, S. , Nowak, R. , Gilboa-Schechtman, E. , Zhao, F. , Witkower, Z. , Langbehn, A. T. , & Niedenthal, P. M.
    (2021) Evidence for distinct facial signals of reward, affiliation, and dominance from both perception and production tasks. Affective Science, 2, 14–20. 10.1007/s42761‑020‑00024‑8
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s42761-020-00024-8 [Google Scholar]
  366. Martin, R. A.
    (2007) The psychology of humor: An integrative approach. Elsevier Academic Press. 10.1016/B978‑012372564‑6/50024‑1
    https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012372564-6/50024-1 [Google Scholar]
  367. Martin, R. A. , & Ford, T. E.
    (2018) The psychology of humor: An integrative approach. 2nd edition. Elsevier Academic Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  368. McIntosh, D. N.
    (1996) Facial feedback hypotheses: Evidence, implications, and directions. Motivation and Emotion, 20(2), 121–147. 10.1007/BF02253868
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02253868 [Google Scholar]
  369. McSweeney, B.
    (2009) Incoherent culture. European Journal of Cross-Cultural Competence and Management, 1(1), 22-27.
    [Google Scholar]
  370. Mehoudar, E. , Arizpe, J. , Baker, C. I. , & Yovel, G.
    (2014) Faces in the eye of the beholder: Unique and stable eye scanning patterns of individual observers. Journal of vision, 14(7), 6-6.
    [Google Scholar]
  371. Messinger, D. , & Fogel, A.
    (2007) The interactive development of social smiling. In R. V. Kail (Ed.), Advances in child development and behavior (pp.327–366). Elsevier Academic Press. 10.1016/B978‑0‑12‑009735‑7.50014‑1.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-009735-7.50014-1 [Google Scholar]
  372. Messinger, D. S. , Mattson, W. I. , Mahoor, M. H. , & Cohn, J. F.
    (2012) The eyes have it: Making positive expressions more positive and negative expressions more negative. Emotion, 12(3), 430–436. 10.1037/a0026498
    https://doi.org/10.1037/a0026498 [Google Scholar]
  373. Miellet, S. , Vizioli, L. , He, L. , Zhou, X. , & Caldara, R.
    (2013) Mapping face recognition information use across cultures. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 34.
    [Google Scholar]
  374. Miles, L. K. , Griffiths, J. L. , Richardson, M. J. , & Macrae, C. N.
    (2010) Too late to coordinate: Contextual influences on behavioral synchrony. European Journal of Social Psychology, 40(1), 52–60. 10.1002/ejsp.721
    https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.721 [Google Scholar]
  375. Miles, L. K. , Nind, L. K. , & Macrae, C. N.
    (2009) The rhythm of rapport: Interpersonal synchrony and social perception. Cognition, 190, 585–589. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2009.02.002.
    [Google Scholar]
  376. (2010) Moving Through Time. Psychological science, 21(2), 222–223. 10.1177/0956797609359333
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797609359333 [Google Scholar]
  377. Mitchell, H. H. , Graesser, A. C. , & Louwerse, M. M.
    (2010) The effect of context on humor: A constraint-based model of comprehending verbal jokes. Discourse Processes, 47(2), 104-129.
    [Google Scholar]
  378. Mitkidis, P. , Mc Graw, J. J. , Roepstorff, A. , & Wallot, S.
    (2015) Building trust: Heart rate synchrony and arousal during joint action increased by public goods game. Physiology & Behavior, 149, 101–106. 10.1016/j.physbeh.2015.05.033
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2015.05.033 [Google Scholar]
  379. Morency, L. P. , Christoudias, C. M. , & Darrell, T.
    (2006, November) Recognizing gaze aversion gestures in embodied conversational discourse. In Proceedings of the 8th international conference on Multimodal interfaces  (pp.287–294). 10.1145/1180995.1181051
    https://doi.org/10.1145/1180995.1181051 [Google Scholar]
  380. Mori, K. , & Mori, H.
    (2010) Examination of the passive facial feedback hypothesis using an implicit measure: With a furrowed brow, neutral objects with pleasant primes look less appealing. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 111(3), 785–789. 10.2466/02.07.24.PMS.111.6.785‑789
    https://doi.org/10.2466/02.07.24.PMS.111.6.785-789 [Google Scholar]
  381. Muecke, D. C.
    (1978) Irony markers. Poetics, 7, 363–375. 10.1016/0304‑422X(78)90011‑6
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-422X(78)90011-6 [Google Scholar]
  382. Nakassis, C. , & Snedeker, J.
    (2002) Beyond sarcasm: Intonation and context as relational cues in children’s recognition of irony. In Greenhyll, A. , Hughs, M. , Little Field, H. , & Walsh, H. (Eds.), Proceedings of the Twenty-sixth Boston University Conference on Language Development (pp.429–440). Cascadilla Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  383. Navarretta, C.
    (2016) Mirroring facial expressions and emotions in dyadic conversations. InProceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2016), 469–474. European Language Resources Association. https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/L16-1075.
    [Google Scholar]
  384. Neal, D. T. , & Chartrand, T. L.
    (2011) Embodied emotion perception: Amplifying and dampening facial feedback modulates emotion perception accuracy. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 2(6), 673–678. 10.1177/1948550611406138
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550611406138 [Google Scholar]
  385. Niedenthal, P. M. , Korb, S. , Wood, A. , & Rychlowska, M.
    (2016). Revisiting the Simulation of Smiles model: The what, when, and why of mimicking smiles. In U. Hess & A. Fischer (Eds.), Studies in emotion and social interaction. Emotional mimicry in social context (p.44–71). Cambridge University Press.  10.1017/CBO9781107587595.004
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107587595.004 [Google Scholar]
  386. Norrick, N.
    (1993) Conversational joking: Humor in everyday talk. Indiana University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  387. (2001) On the conversational performance of narrative jokes: Toward an account of timing. HUMOR – International Journal of Humor Research, 14, 255–274. 10.1515/humr.2001.003
    https://doi.org/10.1515/humr.2001.003 [Google Scholar]
  388. Norrick, N. R. , & Spitz, A.
    (2008) Humor as a resource for mitigating conflict in interaction. Journal of Pragmatics, 40(10), 1661-1686.
    [Google Scholar]
  389. O’Donnell-Trujillo, N. , & Adams, K.
    (1983) Heheh in conversation: some coordinating accomplishments of laughter. Western Journal of Speech Communication, 47, 175–191. 10.1080/10570318309374114
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10570318309374114 [Google Scholar]
  390. Olbrechts-Tyteca, L.
    (1974) Le comique du discours. Editions de l’Université de Bruxelles.
    [Google Scholar]
  391. Olkoniemi, H. , Johander, E. , & Kaakinen, J. K.
    (2019) The role of look-backs in the processing of written sarcasm. Memory & Cognition, 47(1), 87–105. 10.3758/s13421‑018‑0852‑2
    https://doi.org/10.3758/s13421-018-0852-2 [Google Scholar]
  392. Olkoniemi, H. , Ranta, H. , & Kaakinen, J. K.
    (2016) Individual differences in the processing of written sarcasm and metaphor: Evidence from eye movements. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 42(3), 433.
    [Google Scholar]
  393. Olkoniemi, H. , & Kaakinen, J. K.
    (2021) Processing of irony in text: A systematic review of eye-tracking studies. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology/ Revue canadienne de psychologie expérimentale. 10.1037/cep0000216
    https://doi.org/10.1037/cep0000216 [Google Scholar]
  394. Oveis, C. , Gruber, J. , Keltner, D. , Stamper, J. L. , & Boyce, W. T.
    (2009) Smile intensity and warm touch as thin slices of child and family affective style. Emotion, 9(4), 544–548. 10.1037/a0016300
    https://doi.org/10.1037/a0016300 [Google Scholar]
  395. Padilla, X.
    (2012) ¿Existen rasgos prosódicos objetivos en los enunciados irónicos?Oralia, 14, 203–224.
    [Google Scholar]
  396. Paggio, P. , & Navarretta, C.
    (2011) Head movements, facial expressions and feedback in danish first encounters interactions: A culture-specific analysis. InInternational Conference on Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction (pp.583-590). Springer.
    [Google Scholar]
  397. Papa, A. , & Bonanno, G. A.
    (2008) Smiling in the face of adversity: The interpersonal and intrapersonal functions of smiling. Emotion, 8, 1–12. 10.1037/1528‑3542.8.1.1
    https://doi.org/10.1037/1528-3542.8.1.1 [Google Scholar]
  398. Partington, A.
    (2007) Irony and reversal of evaluation. Journal of Pragmatics, 39, 1547–1569. 10.1016/j.pragma.2007.04.009
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2007.04.009 [Google Scholar]
  399. Paxton, A. , & Dale, R.
    (2017) Interpersonal movement synchrony responds to high-and low-level conversational constraints. Frontiers in psychology, 8, 1135.
    [Google Scholar]
  400. (2013a) Argument disrupts interpersonal synchrony. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 66(11), 2092–2102. 10.1080/17470218.2013.853089
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2013.853089 [Google Scholar]
  401. Paxton, A. , and Dale, R.
    (2013b) Frame-differencing methods for measuring bodily synchrony in conversation. Behavioral Research Methods, 45, 329–343. 10.3758/s13428‑012‑0249‑2
    https://doi.org/10.3758/s13428-012-0249-2 [Google Scholar]
  402. Paxton, A. , Dale, R. , & Richardson, D. C.
    (2016). Social coordination of verbal and nonverbal behaviors. Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  403. Pell, M. D. , & Kotz, S. A.
    (2011) On the time course of vocal emotion recognition. PLoS ONE, 6(11), e27256. 10.1371/journal.pone.0027256
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027256 [Google Scholar]
  404. Peterson, M. F. , Lin, J. , Zaun, I. , & Kanwisher, N.
    (2016) Individual differences in face-looking behavior generalize from the lab to the world. Journal of Vision, 16(7), 12-12.
    [Google Scholar]
  405. Pexman, P.
    (2008) It’s fascinating research. The cognition of verbal irony. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17(4), 286–290. 10.1111/j.1467‑8721.2008.00591.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8721.2008.00591.x [Google Scholar]
  406. Pexman, P. M. , Zdrazilova, L. , McConnachie, D. , Deater-Deckard, K. , & Petrill, S. A.
    (2009) “That was smooth, Mom”: Children’s production of verbal and gestural irony. Metaphor and Symbol, 24, 237–248. 10.1080/10926480903310286
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10926480903310286 [Google Scholar]
  407. Pfeiffer, U. , Schilbach, L. , Timmermans, B. , Jording, M. , Bente, G. , & Vogeley, K.
    (2012) Eyes on the mind: Investigating the influence of gaze dynamics on the perception of others in real-time social interaction. Frontiers in Psychology, 3, Article 537. 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00537
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00537 [Google Scholar]
  408. Pfeiffer, U. J. , Vogeley, K. , & Schilbach, L.
    (2013) From gaze cueing to dual eye-tracking: novel approaches to investigate the neural correlates of gaze in social interaction. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 37(10), 2516-2528.
    [Google Scholar]
  409. Pickering, L. , Corduas, M. , Eisterhold, J. , Seifried, B. , Eggleston, A. , & Attardo, S.
    (2009) Prosodic markers of saliency in humorous narratives. Discourse Processes, 46, 517–540. 10.1080/01638530902959604
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01638530902959604 [Google Scholar]
  410. Pickering, L. , Hu, G. , & Baker, A.
    (2012) The pragmatic function of intonation: Cueing agreement and disagreement in spoken English discourse and implications for ELT. In J. Romero-Trillo (Ed.), Pragmatics and prosody in English language teaching (pp.199–218). Springer. 10.1007/978‑94‑007‑3883‑6_12
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-3883-6_12 [Google Scholar]
  411. Pickering, M. J. , & Garrod, S.
    (2004) Toward a mechanistic psychology of dialogue. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 27(2), 169–226. 10.1017/S0140525X04000056
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X04000056 [Google Scholar]
  412. (2009) Prediction and embodiment in dialogue. European Journal of Social Psychology, 39(7), 1162–1168. 10.1002/ejsp.663
    https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.663 [Google Scholar]
  413. (2013) An integrated theory of language production and comprehension. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36(4), 329–347. 10.1017/S0140525X12001495
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X12001495 [Google Scholar]
  414. Piirainen-Marsh, A.
    (2011) Irony and the moral order of secondary school classrooms. Linguistics and Education, 22(4), 364–382. 10.1016/j.linged.2010.09.003
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.linged.2010.09.003 [Google Scholar]
  415. Pinar Sanz, M.
    (Ed.) (2015) Multimodality and cognitive linguistics. John Benjamins. 10.1075/bct.78
    https://doi.org/10.1075/bct.78 [Google Scholar]
  416. Platt, T. , Hofmann, J. , Ruch, W. , & Proyer, R. T.
    (2013) Duchenne display responses towards sixteen enjoyable emotions: Individual differences between no and fear of being laughed at. Motivation and Emotion, 37, 776–786. 10.1007/s11031‑013‑9342‑9
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s11031-013-9342-9 [Google Scholar]
  417. Plester, B. A. , & Sayers, J.
    (2007) “Taking the piss”: Functions of banter in the IT industry. HUMOR – International Journal of Humor Research, 20(2), 157–187.  10.1515/HUMOR.2007.008
    https://doi.org/10.1515/HUMOR.2007.008 [Google Scholar]
  418. Priego-Valverde, B.
    (2003). L’humour dans la conversation familière: Description et analyse linguistiques. Editions L’Harmattan.
    [Google Scholar]
  419. (2006) How funny it is when everybody gets going! A case of co-construction of humor in conversation. Círculo de Lingüística Aplicada a la Comunicación, 27, 72–100.
    [Google Scholar]
  420. (2009) Failed humor in conversation: A double voicing analysis. In D. Chiaro & N. Norrick (Eds.), Humor in interaction (pp.165–183). John Benjamins. 10.1075/pbns.182.08pri
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.182.08pri [Google Scholar]
  421. Priego-Valverde, B. , Bigi, B. , Attardo, S. , Pickering, L. & Gironzetti, E.
    (2018) Is smiling during humor so obvious? A cross-cultural comparison of smiling behavior in humorous sequences in American English and French interactions. Intercultural Pragmatics, 15(4), 563-591. 10.1515/ip‑2018‑0020
    https://doi.org/10.1515/ip-2018-0020 [Google Scholar]
  422. Provine, R. R.
    (2000) Laughter: A scientific investigation. Viking.
    [Google Scholar]
  423. Quené, H. , & Barthel, H.
    (2015, August) Acoustic-phonetic properties of smiling revised – measurements on a natural video corpus. Paper presented at the 18thInternational Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Glasgow.
    [Google Scholar]
  424. Raidt, S. , Bailly, G. , & Elisei, F.
    (2007) Gaze patterns during face-to-face interaction. In2007 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conferences on Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology-Workshops (pp.338-341). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. https://doi-org.proxy-um.researchport.umd.edu/10.1109/WI-IATW.2007.33.
    [Google Scholar]
  425. Raskin, V.
    (1979) Semantic Mechanisms of Humor. Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, 325-335. journals.linguisticsociety.org/proceedings/index.php/BLS/article/view/2164/1934.
    [Google Scholar]
  426. (1985) Semantic mechanisms of humor. D. Reidel.
    [Google Scholar]
  427. (2008) Theory of humor and practice of humor research: Editor’s notes and thoughts. In Raskin, V. (Ed.), The primer of humor research (pp.1–16). Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110198492.1
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110198492.1 [Google Scholar]
  428. (2012) A little metatheory: Thoughts on what a theory of computational humor should look like. InAAAI Technical Report FS-12-02, 62–67. https://www.aaai.org/ocs/index.php/FSS/FSS12/paper/view/5644.
    [Google Scholar]
  429. Raskin, V. , Hempelmann, C. F. , & Taylor, J. M.
    (2009) How to understand and assess a theory: The evolution of the SSTH into the GTVH and now into the OSTH. Journal of Literary Theory, 3(2), 285–312. 10.1515/JLT.2009.016
    https://doi.org/10.1515/JLT.2009.016 [Google Scholar]
  430. Rayner, K.
    (Ed.) (1992) Eye movements and visual cognition. Scene perception and reading. Springer. 10.1007/978‑1‑4612‑2852‑3
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-2852-3 [Google Scholar]
  431. Raz, A.
    (2004) Attention. In Spielberg, C. D. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of applied psychology (pp.203–208). Elsevier Academic Press. 10.1016/B0‑12‑657410‑3/00027‑1
    https://doi.org/10.1016/B0-12-657410-3/00027-1 [Google Scholar]
  432. Reddish, P. , Fischer, R. , & Bulbulia, J.
    (2013) Let’s dance together: Synchrony, shared intentionality and cooperation. PLoS ONE, 8(8), e71182. 10.1371/journal.pone.0071182
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0071182 [Google Scholar]
  433. Richardson, D. C. , & Dale, R.
    (2005) Looking to understand: The coupling between speakers' and listeners' eye movements and its relationship to discourse comprehension. Cognitive Science, 29(6), 1045-1060.
    [Google Scholar]
  434. Richardson, D. C. , Dale, R. , & Kirkham, N. Z.
    (2007) The art of conversation is coordination: common ground and the coupling of eye movements during dialogue. Psychological Science, 18(5), 407–413. 10.1111/j.1467‑9280.2007.01914.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01914.x [Google Scholar]
  435. Rigoulot, S. , Wassiliwizky, E. , & Pell, M. D.
    (2013) Feeling backwards? How temporal order in speech affects the time course of vocal emotion recognition. Frontiers in Psychology, 4(367), 1–14. 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00367
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00367 [Google Scholar]
  436. Robinson, J.
    (2006) Managing trouble responsibility and relationships during conversational repair. Communication Monographs, 73(2), 137–161. 10.1080/03637750600581206
    https://doi.org/10.1080/03637750600581206 [Google Scholar]
  437. Rockwell, P. A.
    (2001) Facial expression and sarcasm. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 93(1), 47–50. 10.2466/pms.2001.93.1.47
    https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.2001.93.1.47 [Google Scholar]
  438. (2006) Sarcasm and other mixed messages: The ambiguous ways people use language. Edwin Mellen Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  439. Rodríguez Mosquera, P. M. R. , Fischer, A. H. , & Manstead, A. S.
    (2004) Inside the heart of emotion: On culture and relational concerns. In Tiedens, L. , & Leach, C. W. (Eds.), The social life of emotions (pp.187-202). Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  440. Rogers, S. L. , Speelman, C. P. , Guidetti, O. , & Longmuir, M.
    (2018) Using dual eye tracking to uncover personal gaze patterns during social interaction. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 1-9.
    [Google Scholar]
  441. Rosengrant, D. , Hearrington, D. , Alvarado, K. , & Keeble, D.
    (2011, August 3-4) Following Student Gaze Patterns in Physical Science Lectures. Paper presented at Physics Education Research Conference 2011, Omaha, Nebraska. Retrieved January 11, 2022, fromhttps://www.compadre.org/Repository/document/ServeFile.cfm?ID=11878&DocID=2725.
    [Google Scholar]
  442. Rossano, F.
    (2013) Gaze in conversation. In Sidnell, J. & Stivers, T. (Eds.), The handbook of conversation analysis (pp.308-329). Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  443. Rubenstein, L.
    (1969) Facial expressions: An objective method in the quantitative evaluation of emotional change. Behavior Research Methods and Instrumentation, 1, 305–306. 10.3758/BF03209924
    https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03209924 [Google Scholar]
  444. Ruch, W.
    (1993) Exhilaration and humor. In M. Lewis & J. M. Haviland (Eds.), The handbook of emotion (pp.605–616). Guilford.
    [Google Scholar]
  445. (1995) Will the real relationship between facial expression and affective experience please stand up: The case of exhilaration. Cognition and Emotion, 9(1), 33–58. 10.1080/02699939508408964
    https://doi.org/10.1080/02699939508408964 [Google Scholar]
  446. (1998) The sense of humor: Explorations of a personality characteristic. Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  447. (2008) Psychology of humor. In V. Raskin (Ed.), The primer of humor research (pp.17–100). Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110198492.17
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110198492.17 [Google Scholar]
  448. Ruch, W. , & Rath, S.
    (1993) The nature of humor appreciation: Toward an integration of perception of stimulus properties and affective experience. HUMOR – International Journal of Humor Research, 6(4), 363–384. 10.1515/humr.1993.6.4.363
    https://doi.org/10.1515/humr.1993.6.4.363 [Google Scholar]
  449. Ruiz-Belda, M. A. , Fernández-Dols, J. M. , Carrera, P. , & Barchard, K.
    (2003) Spontaneous facial expressions of happy bowlers and soccer fans. Cognition and Emotion, 17(2), 315-326.
    [Google Scholar]
  450. Ruíz Gurillo, L.
    (2012) La lingüística del humor en español. Arco/Libros.
    [Google Scholar]
  451. Ruíz Gurillo, L.
    (2016) Metapragmatics of humor: Current research trends. John Benjamins. 10.1075/ivitra.14
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ivitra.14 [Google Scholar]
  452. (2021) Disrupted vs. sustained humor in colloquial conversations in peninsular Spanish. Journal of Pragmatics, 178, 162–174. 10.1016/j.pragma.2021.03.011
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2021.03.011 [Google Scholar]
  453. Russell, J. A.
    (1995) Facial expressions of emotion: What lies beyond minimal universality?. Psychological bulletin, 118(3), 379.
    [Google Scholar]
  454. Ruvolo, P. , Messinger, D. , & Movellan, J.
    (2015) Infants time their smiles to make their moms smile. PLoS one, 10(9), e0136492.
    [Google Scholar]
  455. Rychlowska, M. , Jack, R. E. , Garrod, O. G. B. , Schyns, P. G. , Martin, J. D. & Niedenthal, P.
    (2017) Functional smiles: Tools for love, sympathy, and war. Psychological Science, 28(9), 1259–1270. 10.1177/0956797617706082
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797617706082 [Google Scholar]
  456. Sacks, H.
    (1974/1989) An analysis of the course of a joke’s telling in conversation. In R. Bauman . & J. Sherzer (Eds.), Explorations in the ethnography of speaking (pp.337–353). Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  457. Salvucci, D. D. , & Goldberg, J. H.
    (2000) Identifying fixations and saccades in eye tracking protocols. In A. T. Duchowski (Ed.), ETRA ’00 proceedings of the 2000 symposium on eye tracking research & applications (pp. 71–78). Association for Computing Machinery. 10.1145/355017.355028
    https://doi.org/10.1145/355017.355028 [Google Scholar]
  458. Samson, A. C. , & Gross, J. J.
    (2012) Humour as emotion regulation: The differential consequences of negative versus positive humour. Cognition and Emotion, 26, 375–384. 10.1080/02699931.2011.585069
    https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2011.585069 [Google Scholar]
  459. Sander, D. , Grandjean, D. , Kaiser, S. , Wehrle, T. & Scherer, K. R.
    (2007) Interaction effects of perceived gaze direction and dynamic facial expression: Evidence for appraisal theories of emotion. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 19, 470–480. 10.1080/09541440600757426
    https://doi.org/10.1080/09541440600757426 [Google Scholar]
  460. Scarantino, A.
    (2017) How to do things with emotional expressions. The theory of affective pragmatics. Psychological Inquiry, 28(2-3), 165–185. 10.1080/1047840X.2017.1328951
    https://doi.org/10.1080/1047840X.2017.1328951 [Google Scholar]
  461. Schaffer, R. R.
    (1982) Vocal cues for irony in English (Doctoral dissertation, The Ohio State University).
    [Google Scholar]
  462. Scharrer, L. , Christmann, U. , & Knoll, M.
    (2011) Voice modulations in German ironic speech. Language and Speech, 54(4), 435–465. 10.1177/0023830911402608
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0023830911402608 [Google Scholar]
  463. Schiffrin, D.
    (1987) Discourse markers. Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511611841
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511611841 [Google Scholar]
  464. Schlesinger, I. , & Hurvitz, S.
    (2008) The structure of misunderstandings. Pragmatics and Cognition, 16(3), 568–585. 10.1075/pc.16.3.07sch
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pc.16.3.07sch [Google Scholar]
  465. Schmidt, K. L. , Ambadar, Z. , Cohn, J. F. , & Reed, L. I.
    (2006) Movement differences between deliberate and spontaneous facial expressions: Zygomaticus major action in smiling. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 30, 37–52. 10.1007/s10919‑005‑0003‑x
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10919-005-0003-x [Google Scholar]
  466. Schmidt, K. L. , Bhattacharya, S. , & Denlinger, R.
    (2009) Comparison of deliberate and spontaneous facial movement in smiles and eyebrow raises. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 33, 35–45. 10.1007/s10919‑008‑0058‑6
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10919-008-0058-6 [Google Scholar]
  467. Schützwohl, A. , & Reisenzein, R.
    (2012) Facial expressions in response to a highly surprising event exceeding the field of vision: a test of Darwin's theory of surprise. Evolution and Human Behavior, 33(6), 657-664.
    [Google Scholar]
  468. Schwarz, N.
    (1990) Feelings as information: Informational and motivational functions of affective states. In E. T. Higgins & R. Sorrentino (Eds.), Handbook of motivation and cognition: Foundations of social behavior (Vol.2, pp.527-561). Guilford.
    [Google Scholar]
  469. Seder, P. J. , & Oishi, S.
    (2012) Intensity of smiling in Facebook photos predicts future life satisfaction. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 3(4), 407–413. 10.1177/1948550611424968
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550611424968 [Google Scholar]
  470. Seltman, H. J.
    (2015) Experimental design and analysis. Carnegie Mellon University.
    [Google Scholar]
  471. Seyfeddinipur, M. , & Kita, S.
    (2001) Gestures and self-monitoring in speech production. Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, 27(1), 457–464. 10.3765/bls.v27i1.1098
    https://doi.org/10.3765/bls.v27i1.1098 [Google Scholar]
  472. Shapiro, L.
    2011Embodied cognition. New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  473. Shively, R.
    (2018) Learning and using conversational humor in a second language during study abroad. De Gruyter. 10.1515/9781614518617
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9781614518617 [Google Scholar]
  474. Shockley, K. , & Riley, M. A.
    (2015) Interpersonal couplings in human interactions. In C. L. W. Jr & N. Marwan (Eds.), Recurrence quantification analysis (pp.399–421). Springer. 10.1007/978‑3‑319‑07155‑8_14
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-07155-8_14 [Google Scholar]
  475. Shockley, K. , Santana, M. V. , & Fowler, C. A.
    (2003) Mutual interpersonal postural constraints are involved in cooperative conversation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 29(2), 326–332. 10.1037/0096‑1523.29.2.326
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0096-1523.29.2.326 [Google Scholar]
  476. Shor, R. E.
    (1978) The production and judgment of smile magnitude. Journal of General Psychology, 98, 79–96. 10.1080/00221309.1978.9920859
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00221309.1978.9920859 [Google Scholar]
  477. Simarro Vázquez, M. , El Khatib, N. , Hamrick, P. , & Attardo, S.
    (2020) On the order of processing of humorous tweets with visual and verbal elements. Internet Pragmatics, 4(1), 150–175. 10.1075/ip.00060.sim
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ip.00060.sim [Google Scholar]
  478. Slepian, M. L. , Weisbuch, M. , O Rule, N. , & Ambady N.
    (2011) Tough and tender: Embodied categorization of gender. Psychological Science, 22(1), 26–8. 10.1177/0956797610390388
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797610390388 [Google Scholar]
  479. Smilek, D. , Birmingham, E. , Cameron, D. , Bischof, W. , & Kingstone, A.
    (2006) Cognitive ethology and exploring attention in real-world scenes. Brain Research, 1080, 101–119. 10.1016/j.brainres.2005.12.090
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2005.12.090 [Google Scholar]
  480. Soussignan, R. , Nadel, J. , Canet, P. , & Girardin, P.
    (2002) Sensitivity to social contingency and positive emotion in 2-month-olds. Infancy, 10(2), 123–144 (2006) 10.1207/s15327078in1002_2
    https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327078in1002_2 [Google Scholar]
  481. Strack, F. , Martin, L. L. , & Stepper, S.
    (1988) Inhibiting and facilitating conditions of the human smile: A nonobtrusive test of the facial feedback hypothesis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 208–219. 10.1037/0022‑3514.54.5.768
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.54.5.768 [Google Scholar]
  482. Tabacaru, S.
    (2020) Faces of sarcasm. Exploring raised eyebrows with sarcasm in French political debates. In Athanasiadou, A. , & Colston, H. L. (Eds.), The diversity of irony (pp.256–277). Mouton De Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110652246‑012
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110652246-012 [Google Scholar]
  483. Tabacaru, S. , & Lemmens, M.
    (2014) Raised eyebrows as gestural triggers in humour: The case of sarcasm and hyper-understanding. The European Journal of Humour Research, 2(2), 11–31. 10.7592/EJHR2014.2.2.tabacaru
    https://doi.org/10.7592/EJHR2014.2.2.tabacaru [Google Scholar]
  484. Tannen, D.
    (1984) Conversational style analyzing talk among friends. Ablex Publishing Corporation.
    [Google Scholar]
  485. Taras, V. , Steel, P. , & Kirkman, B. L.
    (2016) Does country equate with culture? Beyond geography in the search for cultural boundaries. Management International Review, 56(4), 455-487.
    [Google Scholar]
  486. Tartter, V. C.
    (1980) Happy talk: Perceptual and acoustic affects of smiling on speech. Perception and Psychophysics, 27, 24–27. 10.3758/BF03199901
    https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03199901 [Google Scholar]
  487. Thompson, D. , Mackenzie, I. G. , Leuthold, H. , & Filik, R.
    (2016) Emotional responses to irony and emoticons in written language: Evidence from EDA and facial EMG. Psychophysiology, 53(7), 1054–1062.  10.1111/psyp.12642
    https://doi.org/10.1111/psyp.12642 [Google Scholar]
  488. Thompson, J.
    (1941) Development of facial expression of emotion in blind and seeing children [Doctoral Dissertation, Columbia University]. Archives of Psychology, 264. https://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025924849.
    [Google Scholar]
  489. Torre, I.
    (2014) Production and perception of smiling voice. In Lee, T. (Ed.), Proceedings of the first Postgraduate and Academic Researchers in Linguistics conference at York (PARLAY 2013) (pp.100–117). University of York.
    [Google Scholar]
  490. Tracy, J. L. , & Robins, R. W.
    (2004) Show your pride: Evidence for a discrete emotion expression. Psychological science, 15(3), 194-197.
    [Google Scholar]
  491. Trofimovich, P.
    (2013) Interactive alignment: Implications for the teaching and learning of second language pronunciation. In J. Levis & K. LeVelle (Eds.). Proceedings of the 4th Pronunciation in Second Language Learning and Teaching Conference. (pp.1–9). Iowa State University.
    [Google Scholar]
  492. Tsakona, V.
    (2007) Towards a revised typology of humorous texts and humorous lines. In Popa, D. & Attardo, S. (Eds.), New approaches to the linguistics of humor (pp.35–43). Editura Academica Galaţi.
    [Google Scholar]
  493. (2020) Recontextualizing humor. Rethinking the analysis and teaching of humor. De Gruyter Mouton. 10.1515/9781501511929
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9781501511929 [Google Scholar]
  494. Tsakona, V. , & Chovanec, J.
    (2018) The dynamics of interactional humor. Creating and negotiating humor in everyday encounters. John Benjamins. 10.1075/thr.7
    https://doi.org/10.1075/thr.7 [Google Scholar]
  495. Tschacher, W. , Rees, G. M. , & Ramseyer, F.
    (2014) Nonverbal synchrony and affect in dyadic interactions. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, Article 1323. 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01323
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01323 [Google Scholar]
  496. Țurcan, A. , & Filik, R.
    (2016) An eye-tracking investigation of written sarcasm comprehension: The roles of familiarity and context. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 42(12), 1867–1893. doi:10.1037/xlm0000285.
    [Google Scholar]
  497. (2017) Investigating sarcasm comprehension using eye-tracking during reading: What are the roles of literality, familiarity, and echoic mention. In Athanasiadou, A. & Colston, H. L. (Eds), Irony in language use and communication (pp.255-276). John Benjamins.
    [Google Scholar]
  498. Urios-Aparisi, E. , & Wagner, M. M.
    (2011) Prosody of humor in Sex and the City. Pragmatics & Cognition, 19(3), 507–529. 10.1075/pc.19.3.06uri
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pc.19.3.06uri [Google Scholar]
  499. Utsumi, A.
    (2000) Verbal irony as implicit display of ironic environment: Distinguishing ironic utterances from nonirony. Journal of Pragmatics, 32(12), 1777–1806. 10.1016/S0378‑2166(99)00116‑2
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(99)00116-2 [Google Scholar]
  500. Valdesolo, P. , Ouyang, J. , & De Steno, D.
    (2010) The rhythm of joint action: Synchrony promotes cooperative ability. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 693–695. 10.1016/j.jesp.2010.03.004
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2010.03.004 [Google Scholar]
  501. Valtakari, N. V. , Hooge, I. T. C. , Viktorsson, C. , Nyström, P. , Falck-Ytter, T. , & Hessels, R.
    (2021). Eye tracking in human interaction: Possibilities and limitations. Behavior Research Methods. 10.3758/s13428‑020‑01517‑x
    https://doi.org/10.3758/s13428-020-01517-x [Google Scholar]
  502. Van Beek, Y. , Van Dolderen, M. S. , & Demon Dubas, J. J.
    (2006) Gender-specific development of nonverbal behaviours and mild depression in adolescence. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47(12), 1272-1283.
    [Google Scholar]
  503. Varlet, M. , Marin, L. , Lagarde, J. , & Bardy, B. G.
    (2011) Social postural coordination. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance, 37(2), 473–483. 10.1037/a0020552
    https://doi.org/10.1037/a0020552 [Google Scholar]
  504. Vertegaal, R. , Slagter, R. , Van der Veer, G. , & Nijholt, A.
    (2001) Eye gaze patterns in conversations: There is more to conversational agents than meets the eyes. In Jacko, J. , & Sears, A. (Eds.), Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp.301-308). Association for Computing Machinery.
    [Google Scholar]
  505. Võ, M. L. H. , Smith, T. J. , Mital, P. K. , & Henderson, J. M.
    (2012) Do the eyes really have it? Dynamic allocation of attention when viewing moving faces. Journal of Vision, 12(13), 1–14. 10.1167/12.13.3
    https://doi.org/10.1167/12.13.3 [Google Scholar]
  506. Vranjes, J. , Bot, H. , Feyaerts, K. , & Brône, G.
    (2019) Affiliation in interpreter-mediated therapeutic talk: On the relationship between gaze and head nods. Interpreting, 21(2), 220–244. 10.1075/intp.00028.vra
    https://doi.org/10.1075/intp.00028.vra [Google Scholar]
  507. Vranjes, J. , Brône, G. , & Feyaerts, K.
    (2018) Dual feedback in interpreter-mediated interactions: on the role of gaze in the production of listener responses. Journal of Pragmatics, 134, 15–30. 10.1016/j.pragma.2018.06.002
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2018.06.002 [Google Scholar]
  508. Vrij, A.
    (2002) Telling and detecting lies. Applying psychology, 179-241.
    [Google Scholar]
  509. Vrij, A. , Edward, K. , & Bull, R.
    (2001) Stereotypical verbal and nonverbal responses while deceiving others. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27(7), 899–909. 10.1177/0146167201277012
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167201277012 [Google Scholar]
  510. Wagner, H. L. , & Smith, J.
    (1991) Facial expression in the presence of friends and strangers. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 15(4), 201-214.
    [Google Scholar]
  511. Wang, S. F. , Liu, Z. L. , Wang, Z. Y. , Wu, G. B. , Shen, P. J. , He, S. , & Wang, X.
    (20130) Analyses of a multimodal spontaneous facial expression database. IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, 4, 34–46. 10.1109/T‑AFFC.2012.32
    https://doi.org/10.1109/T-AFFC.2012.32 [Google Scholar]
  512. Washburn, R. W.
    (1929) A study of the smiling and laughing of infants in the first year of life. Genetic Psychology Monographs, 6, 403–537.
    [Google Scholar]
  513. Weigand, E.
    (1999) Misunderstanding: The standard case. Journal of Pragmatics, 31, 763–785. 10.1016/S0378‑2166(98)00068‑X
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(98)00068-X [Google Scholar]
  514. Wennerstrom, A.
    (2001) The music of everyday speech: Prosody and discourse analysis. Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  515. Whalen, J. M. , & Pexman, P. M.
    (2010) How do children respond to verbal irony in face-to-face communication? The development of mode adoption across middle childhood. Discourse Processes, 47(5), 363–387.  10.1080/01638530903347635
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01638530903347635 [Google Scholar]
  516. (2017) Humor support and mode adoption. In Attardo, S. (Ed.), The Routledge handbook of language and humor (pp.371–384). Routledge. 10.4324/9781315731162‑26
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315731162-26 [Google Scholar]
  517. Wickberg, D.
    (1998) The senses of humor, self and laughter in modern America. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  518. Wild, B. , Erb, M. , Eyb, M. , Bartels, M. , & Grodd, W.
    (2003) Why are smiles contagious? An fMRI study of the interaction between perception of facial affect and facial movements. Psychiatry Research, 123(1), 17–36. 10.1016/S0925‑4927(03)00006‑4
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-4927(03)00006-4 [Google Scholar]
  519. Williams, L. E. , & Bargh, J. A.
    (2008) Experiencing physical warmth promotes interpersonal warmth. Science, 322(5901), 606–607. 10.1126/science.1162548
    https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1162548 [Google Scholar]
  520. Williams, J. A. , Burns, E. L. , & Harmon, E. A.
    (2009) Insincere utterances and gaze: eye contact during sarcastic statements. Perceptual and motor skills, 108(2), 565-572.
    [Google Scholar]
  521. Wilson, A. D. , & Golonka, S.
    (2013) Embodied cognition is not what you think it is. Frontiers in psychology, 4. 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00058
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00058 [Google Scholar]
  522. Wilson, M.
    (2002) Six views of embodied cognition. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 9, 625–636. 10.3758/BF03196322
    https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03196322 [Google Scholar]
  523. Wilson, R. A. , & Foglia, L.
    (2017) Embodied cognition. In  Zalta, E. N. (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. Metaphysics Research Lab, Stanford University. https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2017/entries/embodied-cognition.
    [Google Scholar]
  524. Wiltermuth, S. S. , & Heath, C.
    (2009) Synchrony and cooperation. Psychological Science, 20, 1–5. 10.1111/j.1467‑9280.2008.02253.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02253.x [Google Scholar]
  525. Wolff, H. A. , Smith, C. E. , & Murray, H. A.
    (1934) The psychology of humor. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 28(4), 341–365. 10.1037/h0075400
    https://doi.org/10.1037/h0075400 [Google Scholar]
  526. Woodzicka, J. A. , & LaFrance, M.
    (2001) Real versus imagined gender harassment. Journal of Social Issues, 57, 15–30. 10.1111/0022‑4537.00199
    https://doi.org/10.1111/0022-4537.00199 [Google Scholar]
  527. Yarbus, A. L.
    (1967) Eye movements and vision. Plenum Press
    [Google Scholar]
  528. Young, G. , & Décarie, T. G.
    (1977) An ethology-based catalogue of facial/vocal behaviour in infancy. Animal Behaviour, 25, 95-107.
    [Google Scholar]
  529. Yus, F.
    (2003) Humor and the search for relevance. Journal of Pragmatics, 35(9), 1295–1331. 10.1016/S0378‑2166(02)00179‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(02)00179-0 [Google Scholar]
  530. (2016). Humour and relevance. John Benjamins. 10.1075/thr.4
    https://doi.org/10.1075/thr.4 [Google Scholar]
  531. (2017) Relevance-theoretic treatments of humor. In Attardo, S. (Ed.), The Routledge handbook of language and humor (pp.189–203). Routledge. 10.4324/9781315731162‑14
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315731162-14 [Google Scholar]
  532. Zelazo, P. R. , & Komer, M. J.
    (1971) Infant smiling to nonsocial stimuli and the recognition hypothesis. Child Development, 42(5), 1327–1339. 10.2307/1127902
    https://doi.org/10.2307/1127902 [Google Scholar]
  533. Zhang, X. , Sugano, Y. , Fritz, M. , & Bulling, A.
    (2015) Appearance-based gaze estimation in the wild. InProceedings of the IEEE conference on computer vision and pattern recognition (pp.4511-4520). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
    [Google Scholar]
-contentType:Journal -contentType:Chapter
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error