1887

Extending sequences of other-initiated repair in Finnish conversation

image of Extending sequences of other-initiated repair in Finnish conversation

This paper explores other-initiated repair, or more specifically, extended repair sequences. In extended cases, the repair turn does not immediately resolve the trouble, and the speaker needs to produce a new repair initiation.

Drawing on a collection of 458 other-initiations of repair in naturally occurring everyday interaction in Finnish, we show how the distribution of the outcomes of different types of initiations clearly differs. Typically, candidate understandings and open class repair initiations do not lead to extended sequences, whereas repeats (with question words) are more often followed by a second repair initiation. The type of trouble, as well as the typological specificity of different initiations, explains the outcomes of the repair sequences.

  • Affiliations: 1: University of Helsinki; 2: Tampere University

References

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    2013Signaling Trouble. On the Linguistic Design of Other-Initiation of Repair in English Conversation. Grodil Dissertations in Linguistics 121. University of Groningen.
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    [Google Scholar]
  6. Dingemanse, Mark , and Nick Enfield
    2015 ”Other-Initiated Repair across Languages: Towards a Typology of Conversational Structures.” Open Linguistics1: 98–118. 10.2478/opli‑2014‑0007
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    1997 ”’Open‴ Class Repair Initiators in Response to Sequential Sorts of Troubles in Conversation.”Journal of Pragmatics28: 69–101.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Egbert, Maria
    1997 “Some Interactional Achievements of Other-Initiated Repair in Multi-Person Conversation.” Journal of Pragmatics27: 611–634.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Egbert, Maria , Lilo Niebecker , and Sabrina Rezzara
    2004 “Inside First and Second Language Speakers’ Trouble in Understanding.” InSecond Language Conversations, ed. by Rod Gardner , and Johannes Wagner , 178–200. London: Continuum.
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  11. Etelämäki, Marja
    2009 The Finnish Demonstrative Pronouns in Light of Interaction. Journal of Pragmatics41: 25–46. 10.1016/j.pragma.2008.09.005
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  20. Haakana, Markku , Salla Kurhila , Niina Lilja , and Marjo Savijärvi
    2016 “Kuka, mitä, häh? Korjausaloitteet suomalaisessa arkikeskustelussa [Other-initiation of repair in Finnish everyday conversation.].” Virittäjä 120: 255–291.
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  21. Hakulinen, Auli , and Elizabeth Couper-Kuhlen
    2015 “Insisting on ‘My Side’: Siis -Prefaced Utterances in Finnish .” Journal of Pragmatics74: 111–130.
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  25. Klippi, Anu
    1996Conversation as an Achievement in Aphasics. Helsinki: Suomalaisen kirjallisuuden seura.
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    2017 “Uutta tietoa vai oivallus? [New information or sudden realisation? On the functions of some response particles in Finnish].” Virittäjä121 (4): 473–499.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. 2019 “Repair Receipts: On Their Motivation and Interactional Import.” Discourse Studies21 (4): 398–420.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Kurhila, Salla , and Niina Lilja
    2017 “Toisto ja korjauksen rajat. [Repetition and the boundaries of repair].” Virittäjä121: 213–243.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Kurhila, Salla , and Camilla Lindholm
    2016 “Ymmärtämisen haasteet [Challenges in understanding].” InKeskustelunanalyysi [Conversation analysis], ed. by Melisa Stevanovic and Camilla Lindholm , 259–275. Tampere: Vastapaino.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Laakso, Minna , and Marja-Leena Sorjonen
    2010 “Cut-off or Particle – Devices for Initiating Self-Repair in Conversation.” Journal of Pragmatics42: 1151–1172. 10.1016/j.pragma.2009.09.004
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2009.09.004 [Google Scholar]
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    1997: Demonstratives in Interaction. The Emergence of a Definite Article in Finnish. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/sidag.7
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  32. 2001 “Definiteness and Reflexivity: Indexing Socially Shared Experience.” Pragmatics11 (4): 401–420.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Lilja, Niina
    2014 “Partial Repetitions as Other-Initiations of Repair in Second Language Talk: Re-Establishing Understanding and Doing Learning” Journal of Pragmatics 71: 98–116. 10.1016/j.pragma.2014.07.011
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2014.07.011 [Google Scholar]
  34. Mayes, Patricia
    2020 “Nouns and Noun Phrases in Other-Initiated Repair in English Atypical Interaction: A Case Study of Augmentative and Alternative Communication.” InThe Pragmatics of the Noun Phrase across Languages: An Emergent Unit in Interaction, ed. by Yoko Ono , and Sandra A. Thompson : 179–207. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.128.08may
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    [Google Scholar]
  36. Savijärvi, Marjo
    2011Yhteisestä toiminnasta yhteiseen kieleen. Keskustelunanalyyttinen tutkimus toisen kielen oppimisesta kielikylpypäiväkodin arkitilanteissa [From shared interaction to shared language. A conversation analytic study of second language learning in everyday-interaction in and immersion kindergarten]. Doctoral Dissertation. Helsinki: Department of Finnish, Finno-Ugric and Scandinavian languages and literature, University of Helsinki. urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-10-7309-0.
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    https://doi.org/10.16986/HUJE.2018038803 [Google Scholar]
  38. Schegloff, Emanuel A.
    1992 “Repair after Next Turn. The Last Structurally Provided Defense of Intersubjectivity in Conversation.” American Journal of Sociology97: 1295–1345. 10.1086/229903
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  39. 2000: “When ‘Others’ Initiate Repair.” Applied Linguistics21 (2): 205–243. 10.1093/applin/21.2.205
    https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/21.2.205 [Google Scholar]
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    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511791208 [Google Scholar]
  41. Schegloff, Emanuel A. , Jefferson, Gail , and Harvey Sacks
    1977 “The Preference for Self-Correction in the Organization of Repair in Conversation.” Language53: 361–382.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Sidnell, Jack
    2010 Conversation Analysis. An Introduction. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. 2014 “The Architecture of Intersubjectivity Revisited.” InThe Cambridge Handbook of Linguistic Anthropology, ed. by Nick Enfield , Paul Kockelman , and Jack Sidnell : 364–399. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9781139342872.018
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139342872.018 [Google Scholar]
  44. Sorjonen, Marja-LeenA.
    2018 “Reformulating Prior Speaker’s Turn in Finnish. Turn-Initial siis , eli(kkä) , and nii(n) et(tä) .” InBetween Turn and Sequence. Turn-Initial Particles across Languages, ed. by John Heritage , and Marja-Leena Sorjonen : 251–285. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 10.1075/slsi.31.09sor
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  45. Stevanovic, Melisa , Auli Hakulinen , and Anna Vatanen
    2020 “Prosody and Grammar of Other-Repetitions in Finnish: Repair Initiations, Registerings, and Affectivity.” Language in Society49 (4): 553–584. 10.1017/S0047404520000044
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047404520000044 [Google Scholar]

References

  1. Benjamin, Trevor
    2013Signaling Trouble. On the Linguistic Design of Other-Initiation of Repair in English Conversation. Grodil Dissertations in Linguistics 121. University of Groningen.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bloch, Steven , and Roy Wilkinson
    2011 “Acquired Dysarthria in Conversation: Methods of Resolving Understandability Problems.” International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders46: 510–523. 10.1111/j.1460‑6984.2011.00076.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-6984.2011.00076.x [Google Scholar]
  3. Couper-Kuhlen, Elizabeth , and Margret Selting
    2018Interactional linguistics. Studying Language in Social Interaction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Dingemanse, Mark
    2015 “Other-Initiated Repair in Siwu.” Open Linguistics1: 232–255. 10.1515/opli‑2015‑0001
    https://doi.org/10.1515/opli-2015-0001 [Google Scholar]
  5. Dingemanse, Mark , Joe Blythe , and Tyko Dirksmeyer
    2014 “Formats for Other-Initiation of Repair across Languages. An Exercise in Pragmatic Typology.” Studies in Language38: 5–43.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Dingemanse, Mark , and Nick Enfield
    2015 ”Other-Initiated Repair across Languages: Towards a Typology of Conversational Structures.” Open Linguistics1: 98–118. 10.2478/opli‑2014‑0007
    https://doi.org/10.2478/opli-2014-0007 [Google Scholar]
  7. Dingemanse, Mark , Sean G. Roberts , Julia Baranova , Joe Blythe , Paul Drew , Simeon Floyd , Rosa Gisladorttir , Kobin Kendrick , Stephen Levinson , Elizabeth Manrique , Giovanni Rossi , and Nick Enfield
    2015 “Universal Principles in the Repair of Communication Problems.” PLoS ONE10(9): e0136100. 10.1371/journal.pone.0136100
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136100 [Google Scholar]
  8. Drew, Paul
    1997 ”’Open‴ Class Repair Initiators in Response to Sequential Sorts of Troubles in Conversation.”Journal of Pragmatics28: 69–101.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Egbert, Maria
    1997 “Some Interactional Achievements of Other-Initiated Repair in Multi-Person Conversation.” Journal of Pragmatics27: 611–634.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Egbert, Maria , Lilo Niebecker , and Sabrina Rezzara
    2004 “Inside First and Second Language Speakers’ Trouble in Understanding.” InSecond Language Conversations, ed. by Rod Gardner , and Johannes Wagner , 178–200. London: Continuum.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Etelämäki, Marja
    2009 The Finnish Demonstrative Pronouns in Light of Interaction. Journal of Pragmatics41: 25–46. 10.1016/j.pragma.2008.09.005
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2008.09.005 [Google Scholar]
  12. Floyd, Simeon
    2015 “Other-Initiated Repair in Cha’palaa.” Open Linguistics1 (1): 467–489. 10.1515/opli‑2015‑0014
    https://doi.org/10.1515/opli-2015-0014 [Google Scholar]
  13. Gisladottir, Rosa
    2015 “Other-Initiated Repair in Icelandic.” Open Linguistics1 (1): 309–328. 10.1515/opli‑2015‑0004.
    https://doi.org/10.1515/opli-2015-0004 [Google Scholar]
  14. Goodwin, Charles
    1995 “Co-Constructing Meaning in Conversations with an Aphasic man.” Research on Language in Social Interaction28 (3): 233–260.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Griffiths, Sarah , Rebecca Barnes , Nicky Britten , and Ray Wilkinson
    2015 “Multiple Repair Sequences in Everyday Conversations Involving People with Parkinson’s Disease.” International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders50 (6): 814–882. 10.1111/1460‑6984.12178
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1460-6984.12178 [Google Scholar]
  16. Haakana, Markku
    (in preparation) Grammar of Repair Initiation: Interrogative Clauses as Repair Initiators.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Haakana, Markku , and Salla Kurhila
    2009 Other-Correction in Everyday Interaction.” InTalk in Interaction. Comparative Dimensions, ed. by Markku Haakana , Minna Laakso , and Jan Lindström , 152–179. Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura. 10.21435/sflin.14
    https://doi.org/10.21435/sflin.14 [Google Scholar]
  18. Haakana, Markku
    2011: “Mitä ja muut avoimet korjausaloitteet [Mitä ‘what’ and other pen class repair initiators in Finnish interactions] .” Virittäjä115: 36–67.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Haakana, Markku , and Laura Visapää
    2014: “ Eiku  – korjauksen partikkeli? [ Eiku  – the particle of repair?] ” Virittäjä 118: 41–71.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Haakana, Markku , Salla Kurhila , Niina Lilja , and Marjo Savijärvi
    2016 “Kuka, mitä, häh? Korjausaloitteet suomalaisessa arkikeskustelussa [Other-initiation of repair in Finnish everyday conversation.].” Virittäjä 120: 255–291.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Hakulinen, Auli , and Elizabeth Couper-Kuhlen
    2015 “Insisting on ‘My Side’: Siis -Prefaced Utterances in Finnish .” Journal of Pragmatics74: 111–130.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Hayashi, Makoto , Geoffrey Raymond , and Jack Sidnell
    2013 “Conversational Repair and Human Understanding.” InConversational Repair and Human Understanding, ed. by Makoto Hayashi , Geoffrey Raymond , and Jack Sidnell , 1–40. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Kendrick, Kobin
    2015 ”Other-Initiated Repair in English.” Open Linguistics 1: 164–190. 10.2478/opli‑2014‑0009
    https://doi.org/10.2478/opli-2014-0009 [Google Scholar]
  24. Kitzinger, Celia
    2013 “Repair.” InThe Handbook of Conversation Analysis, ed. by Jack Sidnell , and Tanya Stivers , 229–256. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Klippi, Anu
    1996Conversation as an Achievement in Aphasics. Helsinki: Suomalaisen kirjallisuuden seura.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Koivisto, Aino
    2017 “Uutta tietoa vai oivallus? [New information or sudden realisation? On the functions of some response particles in Finnish].” Virittäjä121 (4): 473–499.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. 2019 “Repair Receipts: On Their Motivation and Interactional Import.” Discourse Studies21 (4): 398–420.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Kurhila, Salla , and Niina Lilja
    2017 “Toisto ja korjauksen rajat. [Repetition and the boundaries of repair].” Virittäjä121: 213–243.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Kurhila, Salla , and Camilla Lindholm
    2016 “Ymmärtämisen haasteet [Challenges in understanding].” InKeskustelunanalyysi [Conversation analysis], ed. by Melisa Stevanovic and Camilla Lindholm , 259–275. Tampere: Vastapaino.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Laakso, Minna , and Marja-Leena Sorjonen
    2010 “Cut-off or Particle – Devices for Initiating Self-Repair in Conversation.” Journal of Pragmatics42: 1151–1172. 10.1016/j.pragma.2009.09.004
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2009.09.004 [Google Scholar]
  31. Laury, Ritva
    1997: Demonstratives in Interaction. The Emergence of a Definite Article in Finnish. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/sidag.7
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sidag.7 [Google Scholar]
  32. 2001 “Definiteness and Reflexivity: Indexing Socially Shared Experience.” Pragmatics11 (4): 401–420.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Lilja, Niina
    2014 “Partial Repetitions as Other-Initiations of Repair in Second Language Talk: Re-Establishing Understanding and Doing Learning” Journal of Pragmatics 71: 98–116. 10.1016/j.pragma.2014.07.011
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2014.07.011 [Google Scholar]
  34. Mayes, Patricia
    2020 “Nouns and Noun Phrases in Other-Initiated Repair in English Atypical Interaction: A Case Study of Augmentative and Alternative Communication.” InThe Pragmatics of the Noun Phrase across Languages: An Emergent Unit in Interaction, ed. by Yoko Ono , and Sandra A. Thompson : 179–207. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.128.08may
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.128.08may [Google Scholar]
  35. Open Linguistics 2015 Special Issue on Other-Initiated Repair across Languages: 96–577.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Savijärvi, Marjo
    2011Yhteisestä toiminnasta yhteiseen kieleen. Keskustelunanalyyttinen tutkimus toisen kielen oppimisesta kielikylpypäiväkodin arkitilanteissa [From shared interaction to shared language. A conversation analytic study of second language learning in everyday-interaction in and immersion kindergarten]. Doctoral Dissertation. Helsinki: Department of Finnish, Finno-Ugric and Scandinavian languages and literature, University of Helsinki. urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-10-7309-0.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. 2018 “From Shared Interaction to Shared Language. Learning a Second Language in an Immersion Kindergarten.” Hacettepe University Journal of Education33: 197–214. 10.16986/HUJE.2018038803
    https://doi.org/10.16986/HUJE.2018038803 [Google Scholar]
  38. Schegloff, Emanuel A.
    1992 “Repair after Next Turn. The Last Structurally Provided Defense of Intersubjectivity in Conversation.” American Journal of Sociology97: 1295–1345. 10.1086/229903
    https://doi.org/10.1086/229903 [Google Scholar]
  39. 2000: “When ‘Others’ Initiate Repair.” Applied Linguistics21 (2): 205–243. 10.1093/applin/21.2.205
    https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/21.2.205 [Google Scholar]
  40. 2007Sequence Organization in Interaction. A Primer in Conversation Analysis. Volume 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511791208
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511791208 [Google Scholar]
  41. Schegloff, Emanuel A. , Jefferson, Gail , and Harvey Sacks
    1977 “The Preference for Self-Correction in the Organization of Repair in Conversation.” Language53: 361–382.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Sidnell, Jack
    2010 Conversation Analysis. An Introduction. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. 2014 “The Architecture of Intersubjectivity Revisited.” InThe Cambridge Handbook of Linguistic Anthropology, ed. by Nick Enfield , Paul Kockelman , and Jack Sidnell : 364–399. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9781139342872.018
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139342872.018 [Google Scholar]
  44. Sorjonen, Marja-LeenA.
    2018 “Reformulating Prior Speaker’s Turn in Finnish. Turn-Initial siis , eli(kkä) , and nii(n) et(tä) .” InBetween Turn and Sequence. Turn-Initial Particles across Languages, ed. by John Heritage , and Marja-Leena Sorjonen : 251–285. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 10.1075/slsi.31.09sor
    https://doi.org/10.1075/slsi.31.09sor [Google Scholar]
  45. Stevanovic, Melisa , Auli Hakulinen , and Anna Vatanen
    2020 “Prosody and Grammar of Other-Repetitions in Finnish: Repair Initiations, Registerings, and Affectivity.” Language in Society49 (4): 553–584. 10.1017/S0047404520000044
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047404520000044 [Google Scholar]
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